This Day, January 1, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L – All #ourCOG News (2024)


630: Prophet Muhammad sets outtoward Mecca with the army that will capture it bloodlessly. At first Mohammed “had hoped to find is mainsupporters among the Jewish tribes” of Arabia.This can be seen in his early adoption of certain laws regarding fastingand facing Jerusalem during prayer. Whenthe Jews refused to accept him as the final line of prophets that had includedAbraham and Moses, he turned against the Jews “in a cruel war of extermination.” Mohammed would die two years after theconquest of Mecca but his legacy lives on to this very day.

1430: The Jews of Sicily were no longer required to attend“conversionist services.”

1431: Birthdate ofValencia native Rodrigo de Broja who as Pope Alexander VI employed Bonet deLattes, a Jewish born rabbi from Provence and “the inventor of an astronomical ring-dial by means of whichsolar and stellar altitudes can be measured and the time determined with greatprecision by night as well as by day” as his physician.

1438: Albert II of Habsburg iscrowned King of Hungary. Albert confirmed the privilegium of Béla IV. In 1251Béla had granted a privilgium to his Jewish subjects which was essentially thesame as that granted by Duke Frederick II the Quarrelsome to the Austrian Jewsin 1244, but which Béla modified to suit the conditions of Hungary.

1484: “In Wildhaus, in the Toggenburg Valley of Switzerland,” UlrichZwingli and his wife gave birth to Huldrych Zwingli, the leader of the Reformation in Switzerland who at aminimum “studied and admired the Hebrew language, used it to some advantage” inhis work and “took over some Hebraic teachings while evincing little concernfor contemporary Jews.”

1515: Louis XII whoordered the final expulsion of the Jews from Provence in 1501 and whointroduced a tax in 1512 on the remaining Jews there, who had accepted baptismknown as the "tax of the neophytes," passed away today.

1515: King Francis, Isucceed to the French throne. Francis did not have any Jewish subjects sincethey had been expelled by Charles V at the end of the 14th centuryand they would not return until 1675 when Louis XIV would grant permission tothe Jews living in Alsace and Lorraine, his two newly acquired provinces, toremain in their ancestral homes. For some strange reason Francis showed aninterest in the Hebrew language. He invited AugustJustiniani, the Bishop of Corsica who was reputed to be a serious student ofHebrew literature to move to France. He also invited Elias Levita, therenowned Hebrew grammarian and poet, to move to France and accept aprofessorship in the Hebrew language. Levita declined the offer for obviousreasons.

1515: Jews were expelled from Laibach, Austria.

1527: Croatian nobleselect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.There were no Croatian Jews in attendance since the Jews had been expelled andthere was no record of any Jews living in Croatia after 1526.

1549(2nd of Shevat,5309): Elia Levita also known as Elijah Levita, Elias Levita, Eliahu Bakhur("Eliahu the Bachelor") a Renaissance-period Hebrew grammarian, poetand one of the first writers in the Yiddish language passed away. Born in 1469,he “was the author of the Bovo-Bukh the most popular chivalric romancewritten in Yiddish, which, according to Sol Liptzin, is ‘generally regarded asthe most outstanding poetic work in Old Yiddish.’”

1559: Frederick II, whom*oved to keep Jews out his realm by ordering ‘that all foreigners in Denmarkhad to affirm their commitment to 25 articles of faith central to Lutheranismon pain of deportation, began his reign as King of Denmark and Norway today.

1565: A papal decreeissued today order that “the fines levied on Jews for possessing scripcertificates of indebtedness, lending money on interest, or engaging in certainoccupations were to go to the support” of Houses of Catechumens, “a Romaninstitution for converting Jews to Catholicism.”

1577: Today, PopeGregory XIII decreed that all Roman Jews, under pain of death, must listenattentively to the compulsory Catholic conversion sermon given in Romansynagogues after Friday night services.

1578: Today, PopeGregory XIII signed into law a tax forcing Jews to pay for the support of a“House of Conversion” to convert Jews to Christianity.

1581: Today, PopeGregory XIII ordered his troops to confiscate all sacred literature from theRoman Jewish community. Thousands ofJews were murdered in the campaign.

1594: Rodrigo Lopez, aMarrano who was serving as physician to Queen Elizabeth, was arrested oncharges of trying to poison the English Monarch

1627 (13th of Tevet,5387): A press belonging to Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel published a prayer book,which was the first work produced by this Hebrew particular printing press.

1651: Coronation ofKing Charles II of Scotland who as King Charles of II of England would issueseveral proclamations guaranteeing the rights of the fledgling Jewish communityin the British Isles.

1714(25th ofTevet,5474: Leffmann Behrends, the son of Issachar Barmann and the grandson ofIsaac Cohen of Borkum, who was a leading German financier who used hisinfluence to protect his co-religionists passed away today.

1715: Birthdate of LeahTobias, the wife of Joseph Tobias and the mother of Joseph, Jr., Masdad, Rinah,Jacob and Judith Tobias.

1743: In Copenhagen,Abraham Ben Joseph Guggenheim, the Vienna born son of Joseph Juda LoebGuggenheim and Frumet Guggenheim and his wife Vogel Guggenheim gave birth toJoseph Guggenheim.

1748: Birthdate of Major-GeneralSir Henry Johnson, 1st Baronet, who in 1782 married Rebecca Franks, thedaughter of Philadelphia businessman and loyalist David Franks, who as can beseen from the upbringing of her children may have been loyal to the crown butnot the faith of her fathers.

1763(16th ofTevet, 5523): Parashat Vayehci

1766: Charles EdwardStuart the leader of Jacobite forces whose invasion had caused panic among manyof London’s financiers, except most notably Sampson Gideon” who provided thegovernment with money and support, that led to the crown’s victory at theBattle of Culloden which ended a major threat to the Hanovarian Englishmonarchy began his “pretendence today.

1767(1st ofShevat, 5527): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

1768: In London, DavidManuel and his wife gave birth to the future New Yorker Catherine Manuel, thewife of Levy Solomons.

1773: In Pennsylvania,Miriam Simon and Michael Gratz gave birth to Simon Gratz, the husband of MarySmith and the father of Louisa, Caroline, Edward, Simon, Jr., Mary, Theodore,David and Elizabeth Gratza.

1774: In London, JosephMoss and his wife gave birth to John Moss, who settled in Philadelphia where hemarried Rebecca Lyons with whom he had nine children.

1777:Twenty-one-year-old Isaac Franks, the New York born son of Moses and SarahFranks, who rose to the rank of Colonel in Washington’s Army began the secondpart of his military service which would last until 1780.

1778(2nd ofTevet, 5538): As the world ushers in the New Year, Jews observe the Eighth andfinal day of Chanukah.

1781: In New York City,Reyna Malcha Hays and Isaac Touro gave birth to Nathan Touro.

1784: Sara RodriguesAlvares and Abraham Furtado, President of the Assemblee des Notables gave birth to their daughter Anne Emilie

1788: Birthdate ofCatherine Judah, the New York born daughter of Samuel Judah and younger sisterof Cary Judah.

1790: Birthdate ofAlsace-Lorraine, France native Michelette Lazard, the husband of Paul Godchotwith whom she had seven children, five of whom died in the United States asadults.

1793 Birthdate ofBertha Morgenstern, the native of Russia who came to New York City in 1842 withher children and husband.

1798: The first Jewish censor was appointed by theRussian government to censor all Hebrew books printed in Russia or importedfrom other countries. As you can seefrom the next comment about life under Communism, the Czars and the Commissarsagreed on the need to censor Jewish books.However, sometimes, the outcome could be a bit on comical side. “Yosef Mendelovitch tells that when he wasbeing transferred from one Russian prison to another, he was in temporarypossession of his Chumash that had been confiscated when he was firstimprisoned. He would have to give it upagain upon arrival at the new prison. Also in his possession was a collectionof selected speeches by Brezhnev translated into Yiddish. This book was officially passed by the censor(which is why I'm relating this story). He separated content from covers inboth books, which happened to be of the same size, got rid of the speeches, andpasted (with well-chewed bread) the Chumash into the censor-approvedcover. His Chumash passed cursoryinspection at his new prison and was his unfailing companion during hisincarceration.”

1799: In Suffolk, MASamuel Myers, the New York born son of Myer and Elkaleh Myers Myers and JudithMoses Meyers gave birth to Samuel Hays Myers, the husband of Eliza KennonMyers.

1799: Birthdate ofSamuel Hays Myers, the son of Samuel Myers, the husband of Eliza KennonMordecai and the father of Caroline and Edmund Myers.

1802: In a letter written to the Danbury, CTBaptist Association, ThomasJefferson coined the metaphor, "a wall of separation between Church andState." (Editor’s note: Many think this term originated in 1947,when the "wall of separation" concept gained acceptance as aconstitutional guideline. It obviously dates back to the Founding Fathers. Contrary to the nonsense being passed aroundby various demagogues today, separation of Church and State was a basic conceptin the founding of the United States. Theassault on Jefferson’s “Wall of Separation” could be styled as an attempt bymodern day radicals to undo the work of the American Revolution.)

1803(7th ofTevet, 5563): Parashat Vayigash

1803(7th ofTevet, 5563): On his sixtieth birthday, Joseph Guggenheim, the Copenhagen bornson Abraham Ben Joseph Guggenheim and Vogel Guggenheim, the husband ofElisabeth Guggenheim and the father of Moses Guggenheim; Abraham Guggenheim;Simon Guggenheim and Nathan Guggenheim passed away today in his hometown.

1803: In Jamaica,Solomon Isaacs and his wife gave birth to their fifth son Soloman Isaac, thehusband of Charlotte Jame Thornthwaite and the father of Arthur, Ernest,Gertrude, Charles, Agnes and Percy Isaacs all of whom lived in London.

1804: As a result of the slave revolt of ToussaintL’Ouverture French rule ends in Haiti making Haiti the first black republic andfirst independent country in the West Indies.“Unfortunately, “during the slave revolt, much of the Jewish communitywas murdered or expelled from Haiti. Afew years later, many Polish Jews arrived in Haiti due to civil strife inPoland.”

1805: Coronation ofKing Frederick of Württemberg who in a decree in 1806 stated that "in viewof the various services that the Kaulla family has rendered to the country incritical periods", he had conferred upon Jacob and a number of his immediaterelatives and their descendants of both sexes all rights of citizenship inWürttemberg.

1807: Birthdate ofGerman rabbi Asher Sammter

1807: Birthdate ofAbraham Kohn, the Chief Reform Rabbi of Lemberg.

1808: Severalrestrictions on Jewish ownership of land went into effect in Russia.

1809: In Frankfurt amMain, Jacob Hirsch Kahn, the son of Miriam and Isaac Jacob Kahn and his wifeJetta Kahn gave birth to Babette Kann.

1811: Today Lübeck wasannexed to France. This meant an end to all anti-Jewish discriminationincluding an abolition of the special taxes of the "Schutzjuden.” Thischange brought an influx of Jews who entered the town from surrounding areasincluding Moisling. All this would come to an end when the French left and theGermans again took control. :

1812: In Brighton,Sussex, Hannah Benjamin and Levi Emanuel Cohen gave birth to Australiannewspaper man Abraham Cohen.

1815: Birthdate ofGerman author Boas Eduard who passed away in June of 1853.

1816(20th ofKislev, 5576): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah combined withcelebration of New Year’s Day.

1818(23rd ofTevet, 5578): Sixty-two-year-old Moses Nunez Cardozo, the New York born son ofAaron Nunez Cardozo and the husband of Gitleh Moses passed a way today inRichmond, VA.

1826: In Frankfurt amMain Zerlinr and Meyer Levin Beyfus gave birth to Marie Beyfus.

1827(2nd ofTevet, 5587): Last of Day of Chanukah coincides with the First Day of the NewYear.

1829: One day after hehad passed away, Levy Abrahams was buried at the “Brady Street JewishCemetery.”

1831: In Lancashire,Henrietta Israel and Louis Samuel gave birth to Adelaide Samuel

1834: Gustav Schwabe, aJewish native of Hamburg whose family was forced to convert when he was 6 yearsold, became a partner at Boustead and Company was renamed Boustead, Schwabe andCompany.

1834: In Blieskastel,Salomon Oppenheimer and Johanetta Kahn gave birth to their fourth son DavidOppenheimer, who married Julia Walter in 1883 after the death of his first wifeSarah and who eventually settled inVancouver, BC where he became a successful businessman and served as the city’ssecond mayor.

1834: Birthdate ofSalomon Stricker, the native of Waag-Neustdadt which was part of the Austro-HungarianEmpire at that time who became a note pathologist and histologist.

1834: Birthdate of Ludovic Halévy, a member of the famed Halevy clanwhose artistic and social activities spanned at least three centuries startingin 1760. Halevy was prominent in themusical theatre of 19th century France. One of his most famous works was the librettofor the opera “Carmen.” Halevy is an exampleof the fate of European Jews. His fatherhad converted in order to marry the daughter of the architect Louis-HippolyteLebas and this enabled him in 1831 to become assistant professor of Frenchliterature at the Ecole Polytechnique, where there was some discriminationagainst Jews.

1837: Earthquake in theTzfat-Tiberias area of Eretz Israel killed between two thousand and fourthousand people, mostly Jews. Manymonuments and archaeological sites were damaged. The quake is also called TheGalilee Earthquake of 1937 and the Safed Earthquake.

1837(24th ofTevet, 5597): Nissim Zerahiah Azulai “editor and annotator of ShabbethaiCohen's "Shulḥan ha-Ṭahor" (The Pure Table), a treatise on the 613commandments, perished in the earthquake at Safed”

1838: In SumterDistrict, SC, Jane McClean, an Episcopalian and Franklin J. Moses, Sr. thescion of “prominent Jewish family from Charleston” gave birth to attorney andConfederate officer Franklin Moses, Jr who sided with the Republicans duringreconctrustion which led to him being elected Speaker of the House in SC, ChiefJustice in SC and finally governor of the Palmetto state.

1844: In AustrianGalicia, Wolf Neumann, a Hebrew and Talmudic scholar and his wife gave birth toMoses Newman who came to the United States in 1897 and was active in the JewishGalician Federation.

1845: In Odenbach,Germany, Freda Hart and Jacob A. Felsenthalgave birth to Henrietta (Yetta) Felsenthal who settled in Chicago where she gave birthto three children – Samuel, David and Jane – with her husband Simon

1845: In Charleston,SC, A.J. Brady of Athens, GA, married Adeline Moses, the “youngest daughter ofIsaiah Moses.

1847: In “Parramatta,New South Wales, Australia,” Solomon and Caroline Phillips gave birth to jeweler turned political leader SimeonPhillips who served in the legislature and as Mayor of Dubbo and was thehusband of Rosetta Phillips.

1849: Birthdate ofAlois Epstein, the native of Bohemia who graduated from the University ofPrague with an M.D. in 1873 and became a leading Austrian podiatrist.

1854: Solomon NunesCarvalho, a South Carolina native of Portuguese and Sephardic Jewish descent,who had the good or bad fortune to join John C. Fremont's 1853-54 mappingexpedition to the Rocky Mountains, served a dessert of blanc mange “to the‘satisfaction and astonishment of the whole party,’ a fitting climax to a mealof horse soup and horse steaks fried in buffalo tallow.”

1854(1st of Tevet,5614): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

1858(15th ofTevet, 5618): Eighty-year-old Isaac Pinto, the son of Jacob and Abigail Pintoand the husband of Maria Pinto passed away today in Chillicothe, Ohio.

1858: French authorMario Uchard exchanged New Year's greetings with the famed Franco-Jewishactress Rachel Félix in which the latter seemed to be bidding Uchard "aneternal adiu. However, her doctorassured Uchard that "she would live some days longer.

[Editor’s Note: Thefollowing is not an error. There weretwo different letters.]

1859: The New YorkTimes published a copy of the letter “The Executive Committee of theRepresentatives of the United Congregations of Israelites of the City of NewYork” had sent to President James Buchanan in November of 1858 concerning theMortara Case. Their letter included a reference to the letter sent by TheLondon Committee of Deputies of British Jews “to their brethren in the UnitedStates” seeking their support in having the boy who was kidnapped in Bolognareturned to his family. The letter informedthe President of the support being offered by several European nations and ofplans to hold a public meeting to enlist public support in the United States.The committee reminded President Buchanan of the prompt action taken byPresident Van Buren in 1840 when he was asked to intervene to aid thepersecuted Jews of Damascus and expressed the hope that he would do the same.

1859: The New YorkTimes published a copy of the letterThe Executive Committee of the Representatives of the United Congregations ofIsraelites of the City of New York had sent to President James Buchanan inDecember of 1858 which described a public meeting held on December 4 in whichJews and non-Jews gathered to demand the return of Edgardo Mortara to hisparents. Those attending the meetingalso petitioned the President to join with the several European nations whowere protesting the kidnapping of the youngster by representatives of thePope.

1860: Rabbi Dr. Aaron Albert Siegfried Bettelheim the son of SamuelBettelheim and Chava Eva Bettelheim, and Anna Henrietta (Yetta) Bettelheim gavebirth to Esther Adler the wife of Aaron Arnold Adler.

1861: In St. Joseph, MO, Max and Bertha Eppstein gave birth to SeraphineEppstein who gained fame as Seraphine Pisklo after marrying Denver businessmanEdward Pisko in 1878 at the age of seventeen and who played an activeleadership role at the National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives in Denver from1911 until her retirement in 1938.

1861: Birthdate of London native Samuel Isaac Cohen who served as a“communal secretary”

1861: In Riddleville, GA Charles Wessolowsky and Johanna Wessolowsky gavebirth to Morris Weslosky the husband of Julia Weslosky.

1862: Jacques Van Praag married Rebecca Levy today in Holland.

1862: Birthdate of Polish native Dorothea “Dora” Grauman, the wife ofPhillip Grauman and mother of JeffersonSchool of law trained attorney Lawrence Samuel Grauman who “is perhaps bestknown for the special hearing he conducted with Muhammad Ali in 1966 at therequest of the Department of Justice, where he recommended that Ali’s claim asa conscientious objector be upheld” and who was the husband of Katherine Grauman.

1863(10th of Tevet, 5623): Asara B’Tevet

1863: In slu*tz, Russia, Cima andHenry L. Davidson, gave birth to Sioux City, IA merchant the husband of SaraFrank who with his brother Benjamin owned and operated Davidson Bros. Co,Davidson Realty and the Davidson Building Company while serving as thepresident of Mt. Sinai Synagogue.

1863: Birthdate of Galicia native and University of Cracow trainedphysician and professor of physiology Adolf Beck who in 1889 “was appointedassistant in the physiological laboratory at the university of Cracow afterwhich he was appointed as a professor of the medical department at theuniversity of Lemberg.


1863: In Poland, Abraham Jacob Bauer and his wife gave birth to Sol H.Bauer who served as the rabbi at several Chicago Congregations including MosesMontefiore Congregation, The First Hungarian Congregation and CongregationAnshe Emeth.

1863: Edward Rosewater, a member of the United States Telegraph Corpsserving at the White House telegraph office, was responsible sending outPresident Abraham Lincoln’s “Emancipation Proclamation” today. Rosewater wasborn to a Jewish family in Bohemia and moved to the United States in 1854

1863: During the CivilWar, Confederate forces recaptured Galveston, Texas with assistance fromRosanna Dyer Osterman. As recounted in Jewish Women in America: An HistoricalEncyclopedia, Rosanna Dyer Osterman, a native of Germany, was livingin Galveston, Texas, in 1862 when Union forces captured the city. She had come to Texas in 1838 to help herhusband run his mercantile business.Eventually, she became a leading member of the Jewish community, helpingto bring the first rabbi to Texas in 1852.When the Civil War broke out, Osterman, by then a widow, remained inGalveston. While many others left forthe mainland, she stayed to nurse the sick and wounded, turning her home into ahospital. After the city was captured by Northern troops, she provided militaryinformation to Confederate officers in Houston. This information helped them tosuccessfully recapture Galveston on January 1, 1863. Just three years later, Osterman was killedin a steamboat explosion on the Mississippi River. In her will, she left her considerablefortune, over $200,000, to a host of Jewish and benevolent institutions. Giftswent to Jewish hospitals in New York, New Orleans, and Cincinnati, and enabledthe establishment of a Hebrew Benevolent Society in Galveston, which cared forpoor and sick people of all faiths.Osterman's bequests also funded synagogues in Houston and Galveston, aHome for Widows and Orphans and a Sailors’ Home in Galveston, and a JewishFoster Home in Philadelphia. In anobituary, the Galveston News lauded Osterman for her "unselfishdevotion to the suffering and the sick" and said that "the history ofRosanna Osterman is more eloquently written in the untold charities that havebeen dispensed by her liberal hands than any eulogy man can bestow."

1864: In Woodbury, PA,A.L. and Rebecca (Goldshmidt) Bechhoefer gave birth to University of Michigantrained attorney, Charles Bechhoefer who began serving as a Judge of the StrictCourt in Ramsey County, MN in 1923

1864: In Hoboken, NJ,Edward Stieglitz, a lieutenant in the Union Army and the former Hedwig AnnWerner gave to Alfred Stieglitz considered by some to be “the father of modernphotography.”

1864: Corporal PhilipA. Barnet began serving with Company B of the 51st Regiment.

1864: In Bonn, LudwigPhilippson and his wife gave birth “German geologist and geographer” AlfredPhilippson.

1864: Corporal Moses Bahneybegan his service with Company B of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment.

1864:Philadelphian August Solomon began his service with Company B of theNinety-Third Regiment.

1866: Birthdate of Kishinev native Adolf Alter Muhulman andhusband of Marie Bernfield who combined a career as an opera singer as can beseen his years with the Met and the Royal Opera with a cantorial career atTemple Mizpah in Chicago . (There are several variables in the “facts” abouthim so I am sharing the websites)

1867: Samuel Fields and his wife gave birth to LewFields, the New York native who was part of the Weber and Fields, one of themost successful vaudeville acts of their time, who went on to become one of the most influential producers in NewYork while helping to raise daughter, songwriter Dorothy Fields who enjoyed asuccessful Broadway career in her own right.

1867: Rabbi IsaacLeeser of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, presided over the first Jewish wedding inAtlanta, which joined Emilie Baer to Abraham Rosenfeld in the holy bonds ofmatrimony. He used the occasion to encourage the creation of a congregation toreplace the short-lived one begun in 1862.The Hebrew Benevolent Congregation received a charter four months laterand began constructing a synagogue in 1875.

1867: Following theretirement of Joseph Herzfeld, Hallgarten & Herzfeld, changed its name toHallgarten & Co, the investment bank co-founded by Lazarus Hallgarten.

1868: In Reading, PA,Congregation “Aheb Sholem” is seeking to hire a teacher and shochet by today.

1868:In Cincinnati, OH, Emma Bloom and Jacob Kramer gave birth to Medical College ofOhio gained physician Simon Pendleton Kramer, the husband of Minnie Halle andfather of Simon and Victor Kramer who was a professor of surgery at theUniversity of Cincinnati and who served as a brigade surgeon during theSpanish-American War with the rank of major.

1869: In Philadelphia, Nathan Rosenau and MathildaBlitz gave birth to University of Pennsylvania Medical School graduate MiltonJ. Rosenau, who married Myra B. Frank in 1900 and who played a crucial role inthe long, contentious campaign to make milk supplies pure and safe in theUnited States. As researcher, health official, and educator, Rosenau putmedical science to work in the service of preventive medicine and publichealth. The Philadelphia native received his medical degree from the Universityof Pennsylvania in 1889. In 1890, he joined the United States Marine HospitalService (MHS). He served as quarantine officer in San Francisco from 1895-1898and in Cuba in 1898. During 1899-1909, he directed the MHS Hygienic Laboratory,transforming a one-person operation into a bustling institution with divisionsin bacteriology, chemistry, pathology, pharmacology, zoology, and biology.Rosenau conducted his most important medical research during his 10 years atthe Hygienic Laboratory, publishing many articles and books, including The MilkQuestion (1912) and Preventive Medicine and Hygiene (1913), which quicklybecame the most influential textbook on the subject. From early in his career,campaigns to reduce milkborne diseases occupied Rosenau's attention. As hestated in his textbook, "Next to water purification, pasteurization is themost important single preventive measure in the field of sanitation." APublic Health Service study in 1909 reported that 500 outbreaks of milkbornediseases had occurred during 1880-1907. By 1900, increasing numbers of childrendrank pasteurized milk, but raw milk remained the norm partly because thehigh-temperature process then in use imparted a "cooked milk" taste.In 1906, Rosenau established that low temperature, slow pasteurization (140 F[60 C] for 20 minutes) killed pathogens without spoiling the taste, thuseliminating a key obstacle to public acceptance of pasteurized milk. However,securing a safe milk supply nationwide took another generation. By 1936, pasteurized,certified milk was the standard in most large cities, although over half of allmilk in the United States was still consumed raw. In 1913, Rosenau became aHarvard University Medical School professor and a co-founder of the Harvard andMassachusetts Institute of Technology School for Health Officers. When Harvardestablished a school of public health in 1922, Rosenau directed itsepidemiology program until 1935. In 1936, he moved to the University of NorthCarolina, Chapel Hill, to help establish its public health school (1940), wherehe served as dean until his death in 1946. Rosenau was a dedicated teacher andadvocate for improved training in preventive medicine, but he is betterremembered for his textbook than his pioneering epidemiologic work. This is ashe expected: "We find monuments erected to heroes who have won wars, butwe find none commemorating anyone's preventing a war. The same is true withepidemics." As can be seen from his membership on the Executive Committeeof the American Jewish Committee, Rosenau was active in the affairs of theJewish Community in the United States.

1872: Naval Academy andfuture Rear Admiral Edward David Taussig was promoted to the rank of Lieutenanttoday.

1873: Birthdate of St.Petersburgh native Louis Antoville, the art dealer, co-founder of The JewishDaily Forward and the father of Solomon and Dr. A.A. Antoville.

1873: Julie JudithBamberger and Isaac Bamberger gave birth to Shimon Simcha Bamberger.

1874: Frederick de SolaMendes assumed his duties as of Rabbi at Shaaray Tefillah congregation (laterknown as the West End Synagogue) in New York City.

1874: As part of theNew Year’s Day celebration, 200 children at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum partook ofan excellent dinner. Afterwards, theymarched to the homes of Meyer Stern and Mrs. Max Herzog, President of the Ladies’Sewing Society, where they paid their respects.

1874: Three days aftershe had passed away Sarah (Lazarus) Emden, the wife of Lewis Israel Emden wasburied today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1875: In New York,Hirsch & Mayer, a firm dealing in woolen goods, was reported “to have astock of goods wholly paid for” and to be owed $30,000.

1875: Jacob Schiff,Solomon Loeb's son-in-law, joined the firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.

1876: As of today, theIndependent Order of B’nai B’rith has a total of $550,000 in its treasury.

1876: As of today, theIndependent Order Free Sons of Israel has a total of $58,350 in its treasury

1876: As of today, theImproved Order Free Sons of Israel has a total of $25,500 in its treasury.

1876: Birthdate ofMilwaukee native Aimee Mack Alay, the Milwaukee Female College alum and wife ofMax B. Alay,

1876: In London, Hannahand Solomon Goldstein gave birth to Australian businessman Hyman Goldstein.

1876: In New York,Hirsch & Mayer was found to be insolvent.The insolvency touched off 20 civil suits and criminal charges aimed atBenjamin Mayer, a young, well-connected man, from a prominent Jewish New York family.

1878: In Louisville, KY, David Henry and SelmaFranko Goldman a professional pianist gave birth to Edwin Franko Goldman. At the age of nine, Goldman studied cornetwith George Weigand at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York. In 1892, after winning a scholarship, heattended the National Conservatory of Music, where he studied music theory andplayed trumpet in the Conservatory orchestra. In 1893 he became a professionaltrumpet player, performing in such organizations as the Metropolitan OperaHouse orchestra and with his uncle Nahan Franko, a famous trumpet player. Goldman soon founded the New YorkMilitary Band, which is known today as the famous Goldman Band. The band playedin many summer band concerts throughout New York, especially The Green at theColumbia University and then The Mall in Central Park. They were also heard on many radiobroadcasts. Goldman was knownfor his very congenial personality and dedication to music. He was very closeto city officials and earned three honorary doctorates. Eventually in 1929, he founded the AmericanBandmasters Association and served as Second Honorary Life President after JohnPhilip Sousa. In his lifetime, Goldman composed over150 works. He was also the composer ofmany cornet solos and other short works for piano and orchestra. Goldman's works are known for their pleasantand catchy tunes, as well as their fine trios and solos. He also encouraged audiences to whistle/humalong to his marches. This has become atradition with his most famous march "On the Mall".

1878: After completinghis legal studies today, Louis Marshall “joined the law firm of William C.Ruger in Syracuse, NY.”

1878: Leopold Ullsteinconverted the Berliner Tageblatt intothe Berliner Zeitgung (B.Z.)

1878:In New York City, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Hamburger gave birth Benjamin Hamburger,the successful manufacturer of robes and dresses whose involvement in theJewish community include support the Federation of Jewish Charities andbelonging to Sinai Temple of the Bronx and who is married to the former RayMarks with whom he had one son, Sidney.

1879: Birthdate of Regine Bernfeld wo was departed to Auschwitzin 1942

1879: Birthdate ofAlfred Ernest Jones, the official biographer of Sigmund Freud.

1879: In Tolcsva,Hungary, Michael Fuchs and Hannah Fried gave birth to Wilhelm Fuchs who gainedfame as “American motion picture executive” William Fox who “founded the FoxFilm corporation in 1915” and raised two daughters - Mona and Isabella – withhis wife Eva Leo Fox.

1879: Brooklyn HebrewOrphan Asylum opened its facility today with four children.

1880: David Joël,brother of Manuel Joël, assumed his duties as professor of the Talmudicbranches, with the title of "Seminarrabbiner", at The JewishTheological Seminary of Breslau

1880: Alonozo B.Cornell began serving as the 27th Governor of New York during whichterm he appointed Myer S. Isaacs, the son of the late Rabbi Samuel M. Isaacs, asJustice of the Marine Court.

1881: Hallgarten &Company became a member of the New York Stock Exchange.

1882(10th ofTevet, 5642): Asara B’Tevet

1882: A magic actpresented by Professor Leon is part of the scheduled entertainment to bepresented tonight at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

1882: The New York Times published a detailedreview of The Mendelssohn Family, 1729-1847 by Sebastien Hensel

1882: In Corning, NY, Jennie Bach Ansorge and Mark Perry Ansorge gavebirth to Columbia Law School trained attorney and Republican politician MartinC. Ansorge who served one term in the U.S. House of Representatives duringwhich he “nominated the first African-American to the U.S. Naval Academy.”

1882: Leon Pinskeranonymously published “Auto-Emancipation,” a pamphlet whose subtitlewas Mahnruf an seine Stammgenossen, von einem russischen Jude (Warningto His Fellow People, from a Russian Jew) in which he urged the Jewish peopleto strive for independence and national consciousness.

1883: It was reportedtoday that Marcus Marx has been elected Chairman of a committee to consider themerger of B’nai B’rith, the Free Sons of Israel, and Kesher Shel Barzel sincehalf of the members of the latter two organizations are members of B’nai B’rith.

1883: In what is nowDnipro, Ukraine, Theresa Nissenson and Nehemiah Mosessohnm, “ the one timechief rabbi of Odessa” gave birth to University of Oregon trained attorneyDavid N. Mosessohn who in 1888 came to the United States where he became theeditor the of the Jewish Tribune and the creator of and executive chairman ofthe Associated Dress Industries of America.

1884: As of today, the two-storyframe building used by the Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids housed 30patients

1884: Birthdate ofMoses “Mosey” King, the New England lightweight boxer and longtime Yale boxingcoach who “was Connecticut’s’ first boxing commissioner.”

1885: As of today, theRussian Imperial Government will begin its monopoly pawnbroking in an attemptto add to the misery of its Jewish subjects which it believes are the onlypeople engaging in this form of moneylending.

1885: “An EnglishSociety for the Conversion of the Jews” announced that during 1884 it hadconverted “four Jews at an average cost of about $21,000 each.”

1885: As of today, theHebrew Technical Institute enrollment has risen from 27 to 45.

1885: This monthmarking the founding of The Chicago Israelite, “an American weekly newspaperdevoted to Jewish interests” under the “editorship of Leo Wise who wrote the“Notes and Comments” column along with Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, Levi A. Eliel andDr. Julius Wise “who wrote under the pen-name of ‘Nickerdown.’”

1886: Birthdate ofhom*ona, Hungary native Louis Lefkowitz, the founder “of Louis Lefkowitz andBrother, manufacturers of leather belts” who came to the United States in 1902where he married Sadie Leah Weiss in 1915 and a leading member of CongregationOhab Zedek.

1886: Birthdate of Clara Lemlich Shavelson who was a leader of the Uprising of20,000, the massive strike of shirtwaist workers in New York's garmentindustry in 1909. Later blacklisted fromthe industry for her union work, she became a member of the Communist Party anda consumer activist. In her last yearsas a nursing home resident she helped to organize the staff. Clara Lemlich Shavelson was already aconfirmed radical when she arrived in New York City in 1905. Raised in a religious household in Ukraine,she had defied her parents to learn Russian, traded folk songs for volumes ofTolstoy, and borrowed revolutionary tracts from a sympathetic neighbor. In New York, she found work in a Lower EastSide garment shop, and soon began organizing the workers. She quickly became an influential member ofthe new International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU), where she protestedthe virtually all-male leadership's habit of ignoring female unionmembers. In 1909, Lemlich burst onto alarger political stage when her speech in New York's Cooper Union Hallgalvanized young, predominantly Jewish, working girls and set off what becameknown as the Uprising of the 20,000.Though the strike was only partially successful, the speech marked thebeginning of Lemlich Shavelson's long career in political activism. Her next project was women's suffrage; shehelped to found the Wage Earners League for Women's Suffrage, a groupdistinguished by its working-class membership at a time when most suffrageorganizations were composed of more moderate middle-class members. Although Lemlich Shavelson's radicalismeventually cost her a paid organizing position with the suffrage league, sheremained an outspoken activist, leading the kosher meat boycotts of 1917 andthe New York City rent strikes of 1919.After her 1913 marriage and a move to Brooklyn, some of Shavelson'scolleagues in the trade union movement felt that she had sold out to middle-classideals by raising children in the suburbs.However, Shavelson redirected her energies without moderating herradicalism, joining the Communist Party in 1926, and founding the UnitedCouncil of Working-Class Housewives and then, in 1929, the United Council ofWorking-Class Women (UCWW). The UCWWargued that consumption was integrally tied to production and that housewives,as consumers, could be an integral part of the class struggle. The Council led meat, milk, and breadboycotts, marched on Washington, and staged rent strikes and sit-ins, winningperiodic victories that addressed some of the most pernicious threats to theeconomic survival of many families during the depression. In addition, Shavelson's insistence on theimportance of women's labor in the home laid the groundwork for the laterfeminist movement's emphasis on gender politics and personal power relationswithin the family. After the SecondWorld War, Shavelson became a peace activist, working as an organizer for theAmerican League Against War and Fascism, which opposed nuclear weapons. She also worked for a time in a garment shop,and renewed her activism in the ILGWU, from which she finally retired in1954. Although she is still hailed as afounder of that union, she was never granted a union pension. At age 81, Shavelson moved into the JewishHome for the Aged in Los Angeles, where she spent her time convincing theadministrators to honor grape and lettuce boycotts, and organizing a unionamong the orderlies.

1887: In Helena, Montana, founding of TempleEmanuel which held services on Friday evening and Saturday, with a ReligiousSchool that met on Sunday and enjoyed the support of a Ladies’ AuxiliarySociety founded three years later.

1887: Birthdate of William Canaris, the Admiralin charge of the Abewhr, a German intelligence organization during WW II whowas executed in 1945 for his opposition to Hitler. (Editor’s note: It was theAbewhr under Admiral Canaris that continued to use an unchanged Enigma code forso much of the war which gave the Allies an edge that among other things,helped them to win the Battle of Britain.Was the failure of Canaris to change codes arrogance or his way of helpingto bring down Hitler?)

1887: Henry M. Stanley was back in Londonpreparing the expedition that is designed to rescue Emin Pasha, the governor ofEquatoria who is besieged by forces of Muslim fanatics. Emin Pasha was aSilesian born Jew named Isaak Eduard Schnitzer who successively converted toChristianity and Islam.

1887: The Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society ofNew York is scheduled to move into its new home “in the building formerlyoccupied by the Home and School for the Children of Soldiers and Sailors on 11thAvenue near 151st Street in New York where it will continue to carefor over 400 children.

1888: Barnett and Dora Kriss Feinberg gavebirth to Dr. Moses Feinberg

1888: “The People of Israel” published todayprovides a detailed review of Histoire Du Peuple D’Israel (Volume I) byErnest Renan.

1899: Birthdate of Bialystok native SimonRaphael Krinsky who in 1923 came to the United States where he settled inWilmington, DE where he taught and edited The Jewish Voice

1889: In St. Petersburg, Russia, Anna RosovskiSamallens and her husband gave birth to CCNY graduate and Institute Of MusicalArt trained musical director Alexander Smallens who in 1924 began director ofthe Philadelphia Civic Opera Company and a guest conductor of the PhiladelphiaSymphony.

1890: In Louisiana, any Jews remaining inAlsatia, East Carroll Parish faces the threat of being driven out by“lead.” (That’s mean guns for theuninitiated)

1890: A fair being held under the auspices of thePeople’s Free School Association, is scheduled to come to an end today. This isa fundraiser sponsored by the Executive Council of the Hebrew Fair Association.

1890: “A mass meeting of down-town” Jews heldthis evening at the Pythagoras Hall on Canal Street to discuss the constructionof a new hospital to be built on the Lower East Side. The up-town hospitals cannot accommodate theinflux of sick Jewish immigrants.

1890: According to H.I. Goldsmith, the GrandSecretary of Grand Lodge, No. 1 of the Independent Order of the Free Sons ofIsrael, there is $295,027.33 in “the degree benefit, an increase over the lastyear of $7,608.94.

1890: In Jacksonville, FL, Aaron and TheresaBudwig Zacharias gave birth to Rear Admiral Ellis Mark Zacharias, the husband of “the former Clara Miller” withwhom he raised two sons –Gerald and Ellis M Jr. – who graduated from the U.S.Naval Academy in 1912, skippered the cruiser Salt Lake City at the start of WWII when “participated in the first United States counter-strikes against Wakeand the Marshall Island and came to public attention “as a practitioner ofpsychological warfare” in the fight against Japan” passed away today. (Editor’snote – There is no way that this blog can do justice to his long, distinguishedand exciting career.)

1890: As today, the Hebrew Technical Institutehad a balance on hand of a little more than six thousand dollars.

1890: In Elizabeth City, Russia, Hill and RuthChernoff gave birth to chemist Lewis H. Chernoff the holder of a Ph. D fromYale, and husband of Sophie Lovins who was a professor of Chemistry and Physicsat the College of Charleston, a chemist with the Department of Agriculture anda contributing investigator at the National Jewish Hospital in Denver.

1890: The terms of Messrs. Tuska, Thalmessingerand Bloomingdale as trustees for the Hebrew Technical Institute were scheduledto come to an end today.

1891: In Newark, NJ, founding of “BetHamidrosch Hagodol Ansche Warschaw” which owns a cemetery on Grove Street andwhose members included Louis Marx, Sam Cohn, Morris Berkowitz and Abraham Cohn.

1891: Birthdate of Lomza, Poland native andHarvard Medical School trained cardiologist Samuel Albert Levine who is thenamesake of “The Levine scale, Levine's sign and Lown–Ganong–Levine syndrome,”

1892(1st of Tevet, 5652): RoshChodesh Tevet and 7th day of Chanukah

1892: Roswell P. Flower, who would appointEdward Jacobs as Loan Commissioner, began serving as Governor of New York.

1892: Simon W. Rosendale began serving as NewYork State Attorney General.

1892: The SSMasilia whose passengers include a large number of Russia Jews whosepassage had been paid by the Baron Hirsch Fund left Marseilles today for a fourweek voyage to New York

1892:Birthdate of Bertha Solomon, one of the first women’s rights activists in SouthAfrica.

1892: The Ellis IslandImmigrant Station in New York opened.Millions of mostly eastern European Jews would pass through Ellis Islandon their way to New York’s Lower East Side or other such urban locations.

1892: Birthdate of Kievnative Boris Mirkin-Getzevich, the Russian jurist fluent in several languagesincluding Yiddish who wrote under the pen name Boris Mirsky who daughter Vitiamarried Stéphane Hessel the member of the French Resistance who survived theconcentration camps to become a diplomat and author.

1892: The Society ofthe Hebrew Sheltering Home has received $2,005 in the last twelve months.

1892: Colonel JohnWeber, the first Commissioner of Immigration at the port of New York, gave a$10 gold Liberty coin to the first immigrant processed at Ellis Island.

1893:Twenty-nine-year-old Schepsel Scaffer became the “rabbi of Shearith Israel inBaltimore, MD.

1893: In Chalcis on theisland of Euboea, Romaniote Jews Jacob and Iopi Frizis gave birth to AthensUniversity trained attorney and Hellenic Army trained officer Mordechai Friziswho served in WW I and the Graeco-Turkish War after which he rose to the rankof Colonel and died while rallying his men during Italian attack on the bridgeof the Thyamis River during the Greek war with Italy which was a “sideshow” inthe shadow of WW II.

1893: The new slidingscale dues structures based on age adopted by the Grand Lodge District No 1 ofthe Order of B’nai B’rith to encourage younger Jews to join went into effecttoday.

1893: Joseph K. Toole,who laid the cornerstone when construction began on Temple Emanu-El in HelenaMontana, completed his first terms as Governor of Montana.

1893: St. Louisresident Joseph M. Levi, the Memphis born son of Rosa Meyer and Marx Levi andthe husband of Evelyn Eiseman began his career in real estate with the firm ofLevi and Epstein.

1893: It was reportedtoday that Darkest Russia, “the organof the English Jewish community” had suspended publication on the assurance ifit did so Russia “would modify her persecution” of the Jews would resumepublishing since things have actually gotten worse.

1894: Thirty-six-year-oldHeinrich Hertz, the German physicist for whom the hertz, the SI unit offrequency, is named and was born to a Jewish family that had converted toChristianity passed away today in Bonn.

1894: Simon W.Rosendale completed his service as New York State Attorney General.

1894: As of today, theUnited Hebrew Charities has spent an additional $64,900 in the last threemonths (October 1) to provide a variety of services including medical,educational and vocational to aid those suffering during the worst economicdepression to hit the United States until 1929 and 2008.

1895: In Cincinnati,Ohio formation of Council No. 13 of the National Council of Jewish Women wasformed with Miss Clara Bloch as President and Miss Mathilda Bettman asSecretary.

1895: “Louis Marshallwas a framer of Article 14, the "Forever Wild" clause, in the NewYork State constitutional Amendment to the New York State Constitution, whichwent into effect” today.

1895: Birthdate ofNathaniel Shilkret, American composer and conductor. For many years he was "director of lightmusic" for the Victor Talking Machine Company. His best-known popular composition was"The Lonesome Road", which has been recorded by more than one-hundredartists, including Louis Armstrong and Benny Goodman. He passed away in 1992.

1895: In Kansas City,MO, Robert and Bessie White Ginsberg gave birth to University of Missourigraduate and University of Pennsylvania trained cardiologist A. MorrisGinsberg, the husband of Zora Tasman Ginsberg and the father of P. MortimerGinsberg who passed away without reaching his third birthday.

1896: Birthdate of“English pianist, composer, music publisher and musical festival judge” MauriceJacobson who “was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)in 1971.”

1896: “Destroying theOld Relic” published today described the destruction of the Rolls House whichhad originally been “built by Henry III as a House of Maintenance for convertedJews” but was converted to other uses by Edward III when the supply of Jewishconverts ran out.

1896: Birthdate of Songwriter,author and dentist Nathanial Lief, the NYU trained dentist and veteran of bothworld wars whose Broadway scores included. "Luckee Girl","Greenwich Follies of 1928" and "Pleasure Bound", and songsfor "Earl Carroll's Vanities of 1931", "Third Little Show","Shoot the Works" and "Grand Street Follies."

1896: As of this date,there were 43, 658 Jews living in Minsk.There were forty synagogues along with numerous less formal “houses ofprayer.” The city boasted a large number of Yeshivot including Blumke’sYeshivah, the Little Yeshivah and the Yeshivah at the Synagogue of the WaterCarriers. At this time Minsk was alsohome to a Jewish Trade School that offered training for locksmiths andcarpenters as well as providing instruction in Hebrew and Religion. The Jewish hospital had accommodations for 70patients and the Jewish poorhouse had beds for 80 indigent patrons.

1897: Frank Black, whoappointed Jewish political leader and philanthropist to the state board ofcharities began serving his term as the 32nd Governor of New York.

1897: A fundraiser forthe Hebrew Technical School for Girls was held at the Carnegie Lyceum.

1897: The Ladies Fueland Aid Society led by Mrs. Hershfield, president and Mrs. J. Cohen, treasureris scheduled to hold its annual ball today at the Lexington Avenue Opera House.

1897: Birthdate ofNewark State Normal School graduate and Pert Amboy insurance agent IsadoreJacobson who was an officer of B’nai B’rith and a director of the YMHA.

1897:Twenty-nine-year-old Otto Kahn, the Mannheim born so of Emma Eberstadt and Bernhard Kahn and the husband of AddieWolff joined the firm of Kuhn, Loeb and Company as a partner today.

1897: Birthdate ofAustrian poet Theodore Kramer who fled to England after the Anschluss and whomThomas Mann called “one of the greatest poets of the young generation.”

1898(7th ofTevet, 5658): Parashat Vayigash

1898: In Silesia,Maximillian Ullman and his wife, two Jews who had converted to Catholicism,gave birth to “composer, conductor and pianist” Viktor Ullman. Their conversionand did not save this musical genius who was imprisoned at Theresienstadt andmurdered in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau.

1898: “Do People Readthe Bible Nowadays?” by Amos Kidder Fiske, author of “The Jewish Scriptures”and “The Myths of Israel” was published today.

1898:” Miracles andDilettantism” published today disputes the version of the conversion of AbbeRatisbonne to Catholicism as described in The Life of Cardinal Wisemanby Wilfred Ward.

1898: The real estatefirm of Levi and Epstein which had been founded in 1893 by Joseph M. Levi, theMemphis born son of Rosa and Marx Levi and the husband of Evelyn Eiseman wasdissolved today in St. Louis.

1898: Dr. JosephSilverman delivered an address entitled “The Religious and EthicalPossibilities of Greater New York” at Temple Emanu-El in New York City.

1899: A building thathad been built because of the “munificence of the late Baroness deHirsch-Gereuth” was opened today at the Baron de Hirsch Trade School in Nw York

1899(19th ofTevet, 5669): Fifty-three-year-old Agnes Henricks, the New York City borndaughter of Rachel Seixas Nathan and Montague M. Hendricks, the wife of AaronWolff and mother of Lillian Hendricks Wolff passed away today in NYC.

1899: “Dr. Baar’s NewYear Address” published today described Dr. Hermann Baar’s what is his lastaddress to the children at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum since he has announced hisretirement as Superintendent of the organization.

1899: Birthdate ofElazar Menachem Man Shach, (Eliezer Schach) the Lithuanian born Haredi rabbiwho became a leader in Bnei Brak.

1899: Leopold Cohn senta letter to President McKinley concerning the anti-Semitic prejudice thatexists in Brooklyn and Manhattan which is manifested by “acts of violence”aimed the poor Jews of these cities.Cohn, a former Rabbi, converted to Christianity and now is a missionaryfor the Baptist Church.

1899: “A BenevolentSociety’s Jubilee” published today described plans for the upcoming celebrationof the Noah Benevolent Widows and Orphans’ Association 50thanniversary celebration. The associationwas originally formed by German Jews in the 1840’s.

1899: Mrs. BerthaMorgenstern observed New Year’s Day and her 106th birthday at theHebrew Sheltering House in NYC.

1899: It was reportedtoday that Aaron Baerlein is President of the Noah Benevolent Widows andOrphans’ Association, a fraternal and benevolent order formed by German Jews inNew York before the Civil War.

1899: As of today, notcounting officers, there eighty-two Jews serving in the British Army andforty-six serving in the militia.

1899: In Rochester, NY,founding of “Temple Kitchen Garden” “under the auspices of the Sisterhood ofBerith Kodesh and the Council of Jewish Council” and funded by “the Sisterhoodand the Hebrew Ladies’ Aid Society.

1900(1st ofShevat, 5660): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

1900(1st ofShevat, 5660): Vilna native Joshua Ḥayyim b. Mordecai ha-Levi Epstein,“familiarly known as "Reb Joshua Ḥayyim the Sarsur" (money-broker)”passed away today.

1900: Birthdate ofDavid William Pearlman, the native of Mezeritch who came to the United States1904 after which he eventually earned a master’s degree from Columbia andbecame a Reform Rabbi after being ordained at the Jewish Institute of Religion.

1900: In Natchez,Mississippi, founding of the Jewish Relief Association which would be managedby Rabbi S.G. Bottigheimer.

1900: Starting todayThe Jewish Colonization Association (JCA) “restructured the way inwhich the colonies received financial and managerial support, with the effectof making them more profitable and independent.”

1900:In Rzhaventsy, Zastavna Raion, “Yoel and Ita” gave birth to Ester Rosenzweig,the Russian revolutionary known as Elizabeth Zarubina who spied for the SovietUnion in the United States under the name of Elizabeth Zubilin.

1900:Birthdate of NYU trained attorney and Judge of the Hudson Country DistrictCourt David Berman, the “chairman of the building fund committee of theBayonne, NJ, Jewish Center who was the husband of Mary Berman with whom he hadtwo children – Edward and Iris,

1900:Birthdate of Samuel “Sam” Berger, the native of Ottawa, who was a successfulattorney before he became the owner of two CFL teams – the Ottawa Rough Ridersand the Montreal Alouettes.

1900: Birthdate ofChiune Sugihara “ a Japanese diplomat who served as Vice-Consul for the Empireof Japan in Lithuania who risked hiscareer and life by issuing travel documents to thousands of Jews so that theycould escape the Nazis by appearing to be traveling to Japan.

1901: As of today, thecity of Warsaw “had a population of 711,988 inhabitants” of whom 400,395 werePoles, 36,659 were Russians and 254,712 were Jews meaning that the Jews were 36per cent of the city’s population and that it has the largest Jewishpopulation.

1901(10th ofTevet, 5661): Asara B’Tevet

1901: In Mobile, AL,the club house for the Fidelia Club which was founded seventeen years ago thismonth and is located at the southeast corner of Government and ConceptionStreets is scheduled to be completed today.

1901: Birthdate ofRussian born American sculptor and watercolorist Eugenie Gershoy.

1902: Birthdate of Hansvon Dohnányi, the German jurist, anti-Nazi who rescued Jews including “twoJewish lawyers from Berlin, Friedrich Arnold and Julius Fliess.”

1902:Twenty-six-year-old Russian born American journalist Herman Bernstein, whosevaried career included visiting Europe in 1915 to study and to report on the“conditions of the Jews in war-stricken countries, covering the AEF invasion ofSiberia as war correspondent for the New York Herald and exposing the“Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion” as a “literary forgery,” marred SophieFriedman today in New York City.

1902(22nd ofTevet, 5662): Solomon Lyons, the 6th son of Rose and Henry Lyons ofBirmingham, UK “accidently drowned in Jersey” today.

1902: Jacob Cantorbegan serving as the 3rd Borough President of Manhattan.

1903(2nd ofTevet, 5663): Eighth Day of Chanukah

1903: Herzl begins atrip to Elach, Austria, his hometown.

1903: In Gorbals, asection of Glasgow, Morris Galpern, a cabinetmaker, and Anna Talisman gavebirth to Labour MP and Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons Myer Galpern whowas knighted in 1960.

1904: Birthdate LouisKerzner, who gained fame Louis Cohen a New York mobster who murdered laborracketeer "Kid Dropper" Nathan Kaplan and was an associate of laborracketeer Louis "Lepke" Buchalter.

1905: Thirty-year oldresearch engineer David Basch, the Roundout, NY born son of Julius and Jenny(Voss) Basch married his first wife, Ruby Garcia Chapman today who would passaway before he married Marian Willard in 1917

1905: It was reportedtoday “victory will crown the efforts of the United States to securerecognition of American passports without distinction to religion” because thePassport Committee meeting in St. Petersburg is going to recommend “that theJews have complete freedom of travel and residence in their zone withoutpassports which will only be required when traveling in other parts of Russia.”

1906: In Mabgate, LeedsAbram Rozenkopf and Chaja Nagacz who “came from adjacent villages in Poland andwere married in Leeds in 1905 where they anglicized their name gave birth toLouis Rosenhead the British mathematician who served as a “Head of Departmentat Liverpool University from 1933 to 1973.”

1906: The EducationalAlliance which has depleted its treasury because of the demands made to aid theJews suffering massive anti-Semitic violence in Russia hopes to be able to stopborrowing from the members of its Board of Directors as of today.

1906: During thedispute about establishing a temporary Jewish homeland in a place other thanPalestine, Winston Churchill wrote to his constituent Dr. Joseph Dulberg,leader of the Manchester Jewish community, describing the difficulties inestablishing “a self-governing Jewish colony in British East Africa” not theleast of which was the division between the Territorialists and the “Palestineor bust” faction.

1907: Birthdate ofAlbany, NY native Norman C. Armitage, the sabre fencer who fenced at Columbiaand competed in six Olympics from 1928 to 1956 while earning a law degree fromNYU and carving out a career as chemical engineer and patent attorney.

1907: Herman “Kid”Landfield was knocked in the 8th round today while fighting theworld lightweight champ – a defeat that led to his retirement later in theyear.

1908: In New York City,Meyer Barnett, the “son of Harris and Gittel Baran” and his wife Sarah Barnettgave birth to Lillian Nell Barnett, who became Lillian Nell Berg after she hadmarried Ralph Emanuel Berg.

1908: “An administrativedecree issued” in Paris on September 30 that “provides for the separation ofChurch and State in Algeria” thus placing Jews on an equal footing withCatholics, Protestants and Muslims” is scheduled to go into effect today.

1909(8th ofTevet, 5669): Louis A. Heinsheimer passed away. Born in 1859, he was a partnerin the investment banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. from 1894 to 1909.Heinsheimer was the nephew of one of the Firm's founders, Solomon Loeb.Heinsheimer's estate in Far Rockaway, New York, was called Breezy Point (not tobe confused with the Breezy Point neighborhood on the western tip of theRockaway Peninsula) and stood until 1987. Heinsheimer's mansion was owned andused for several years by the Maimonides Institute for Exceptional Childrenuntil it burned down. The mansion site is now a part of Bayswater Point StatePark.

1909: Birthdate ofBarry Goldwater, Republican Senator from Arizona and godfather to what hasbecome the dominate right wing of the Republican Party. Goldwater was not Jewish. His father was Jewish but he raised his sonas an Episcopalian for the obvious advantages it brought to him. However, some of Goldwater’s critics did notlet him forget his Jewish origins. Whenhe ran for President, his running-mate was William Miller, a Catholic member ofthe House of Representatives. Bigotsreferred to the ticket as the Arizona Israelite and his fellow-traveler fromthe Vatican.

1909: As of today,agents of the Baron Hirsch Fund have purchased several hundred acres of farmland four miles west of Millville, New Jersey for the purpose of establishing acolony. Forty families are ready to moveinto the houses once they are built.Each family will receive 25 acres of cleared ground to work.

1910(20th ofTevet, 5670) Parashat Shemot

1910: The first issueof Das Yiddishe Levben, an “Englishand Yiddish monthly” which was an “organ of the United Hebrew Charities waspublished today.

1910: Isabel Hyams, an1888 MIT graduate and a trustee of the Boston Consumptive Hospital, began anexperimental “Penny Lunch” program in a Boston elementary school.

1911: On New Year’sDay, in New York City, an Austrian immigrant who “worked designing women’sclothing in the garment industry on the Lower East Side” and his wife gavebirth to Joe “Shikey” Gotthoffer the James Monroe High School basketball playerwho went on to a successfully career with the Philadelphia SPHAS, followed byWW II stint working as “a supervisor at Wright Aeronautics in New York whereher built engines for B-21s.” (Asreported by Douglas Stark)

1911(1st ofTevet, 5671): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh Day of Chanukah

1911: An observance ofChanukah is scheduled to be held at the Herald Square Theatre where Dr.J.L.Magnes will deliver an address on “The Maccabeans – Old and New” and LeonZolotkoff, the editor of The Jewish Daily News will speak on the “The Spirit ofChanukah.”

1911: In Łódź, Poland,Slanislava (Vinaver) and Adam Totenberg gave birth to Roman Totenberg, thechild prodigy violinist who is the father of NPR correspondent Nina Totenberg,Judge Amy Totenberg and businesswoman Jill Totenberg.

1911: Edward Lazanskythe native of Brooklyn who “was a Justice of the New York State Supreme Courtfrom 1917 to 1926, and a Justice of the Appellate Division from 1926 to 1943”and who “was a founder and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of theBrooklyn Jewish Hospital” began serving as Secretary State of New York today.

1911: The SundayMagazine Section of the New York Timesdescribed the debate between Dr. Solomon Schechter of the Jewish TheologicalSeminary and Dr. G. Margoliouth of the British Museum over the interpretationof a document entitled “A Document on the Sectaries” which had been found inthe Cairo Genizah.

1911: Birthdate of Hammering Hank Greenberg Hall-of-Fame first baseman for the Detroit Tigers.

1912: Birthdate ofBrooklyn native and Harvard and Columbia trained economist Moses Abramovitz thehusband of painter and sculptor Carrie Glasser.

1912: As of today,“according to official statistics” there 11,817,783 Jews in the world of which1,894,400 live in America while only 53,000 Jews live in Jerusalem.

1912: As of today,there were 94 people residing at the Orthodox Jewish Home for the Aged.

1912(11th ofTevet, 5672): Seventy-year-old German native Mrs. Lina Kahn Baldauf, the wifeof Morris Baldauf and mother of Cora, Leon, Minnie and Julius Baldauf passedaway today in Lexington, KY after which she was buried in The Temple Cemeteryin Louisville, KY.

1913: A commercialtreaty between the United States and Russian which had been “denounced byCongress…became inoperative” today “because it was interpreted by Russia aspermitting the exclusion of American Jews from her dominions.”

1913: Birthdate of ABABantamweight and ABA Lightweight Champion Harry Mizler who represented GreatBritain in the 1932 Olympics and was the younger brother of boxer Moe Mizler.

1913: A treaty ofcommerce and navigation and commerce between the United States and Russia“became inoperative” today “because it was interpreted by Russia as permittingthe exclusion of American Jews from her dominions.

1913: Americanjournalist James Creelman, who “had toured Russia investigating the persecutionof the Jews” resigned today from the New York Civil Service Commission.

1914: In New York,Morris Cahan, the Russian born son of Simon and Yetta Cahan, and his wife AnnaCahan gave birth to Dr. Amos William Cahan.

1914: In an attempt toobliterate loan sharking and enable American wage earners to borrow moneyeasily, cheaply, and under self-respecting conditions, Julius Rosenwald ofChicago, announced plans to create “industrial loan banks that could make smallloans at a low rate of interest - loans so trifling in character that theordinary bank would not consider them - to workingmen whose means are tooinsignificant to give them any standing with banks. These industrial loan banks “shall require nocollateral but simply an endorsem*nt from some fellow wage-earner.” Loans will be made only after the bank hasascertained that the money is to be used for legal activities. By making these loans, Rosenwald and hissupporters plan to teach the working class the proper use of credit whilekeeping them out of the clutches of loan sharks and predatory lenders. “The inspiration for the idea came from one ofMr. Rosenwald’s eminent European co-religionist, Signor Jusotti, the ItalianMinister of Finance, who is the founder of a system of banks in Italy whichlend sums as low as $10 to workingmen, small tradesmen, farmers and other whohave no credit at the banks.”

1914: The sons ofLeopold Ullstein purchased the VossischeZeitug, “a liberal newspaper with a tradition dating back to the 1617.”

1914: Cooper UnionInstitute graduate and NYU Law School trained attorney Louis DeWitt Gibbs, theLodz, Poland born son of Pauline Greenbaum and Isadore Gibbs and the husband ofAnna White began serving as a Judge of the County of Bronx, NY today.

1915: “Before the Law”,“a parable contained in The Trial by Franz Kafa was published for thefirst time in the New Year’s Edition of the independent Jewish weekly Selbstwehr./

1915: Leo M. Frankwrote to the editor of the New York Timesfrom his prison cell, “In assuring you of my deep appreciation of the stand youhave taken in my case, for the cause of justice, may I not extend to yo myheartiest good wishes for a Happy New Year/”

1915: “Texans Make PleaFor Leo M. Frank” published today described a petition signed by over threehundred “Gentile citizens:” from Waco, TX sent to the Governor of Georgialisting the reasons why he should stay the execution of Leo Frank and free himif the evidence warrants such a conclusion.

1915: Charles Whitman,who after being elected promised to appoint at least one Jew to each of NewYork’s hospital boards began serving as the state’s 41st governor.

1915: Jews of Laibach Austriawere expelled.

1915: Nathan D. Perlmanbegan serving as a member of the New York State Assembly form the 6thdistrict from New York County.

1915: Today, in St.Louis, MO, Dr. Kaplan Kaplansky of The Hague, the General Secretary of theJewish National Fund said today that “one third of Palestine could now bebought for restoration as the home of the Jewish people if the funds wereavailable.”

1916: It was reportedtoday that “every steamer from Japan brings a considerable number” Russian Jewsto Seattle “who have fled across Siberia” and whom the Hebrew Sheltering andImmigrant Society of America will urge “to remain on the Pacific Coast.

1916: It was reportedtoday that the Jews of Rochester, NY expect to raise $25,000 for the AmericanJewish Relief Committee that is collecting funds to aid the Jews suffering inwar torn Europe and Palestine.

1916: As of today, theHebrew Free Burial Association had a balance of $457 in the treasury and “hadliabilities on cemetery lots amounting to $9,500.”

1916: The Knights ofZion are meeting for the second day of their 19th annual conventionin Chicago.

1916: Dr. Max Goldfarb,the Secretary of the National Workmen’s Committee for Jewish Rights announcedtoday that three Socialists including Morris Hillquilt “will request thatPresident Wilson take steps to insure the political freedom of the Jews in Europeafter the war.”

1917(7th ofTevet, 5677): Seventy-five-old Rosetta Moses the daughter of Martha and JosephJonas and the wife of Dr. Montefiore Mosses passed away today.

1917: Simon Bambergerbecame Utah’s fourth elected Governor making him the first non-Mormon to holdthe office.

1917: The Temple, a monthly publication whichwas the “organ of Congregation B’nai B’rith” was established today in Denver,CO.

1917: As of today, theIndependent Western Star Order which was founded in 1894 and has its offices inChicago, Illinois had 17,924 members.

1918: In Columbus, OH,Dr. Morris B. Lhevine and Sarah Piatagorski Lhevine, gave birth to MarieLhevine, the Columbia University trained attorney who became Marie LhevineAries after she married Dr. Leon J. Airies, the Chicago surgeon with whom sheraised “three daughters – Jane, Elizabeth and Nancy.”

1918:Birthdate of New York City native and Columbia University recipient of a BScand MA Mitzi Solomon who gained fame as award winning sculptor Mitzi SolomonCunliff, the designer of the golden trophy in the shape of a theatrical maskthat would go on to represent the British Academy of Film and Television Arts andwife of Marcus Cunliff.

1918: During anafternoon session of a Zionist convention that drew delegates from Ten Mid-WestStates at the Hotel LaSalle, “more than $60,000 was pledged” to “be used forthe reclamation of Palestine.”

1919: Prince Faisal“submitted a formal memorandum to the Supreme Council of the Peace Conferenceoutlining his vision for Arab nationalism throughout the Middle East. It wasnot monolithic or pan-Arab. It sought only one territory: Syria.”

1919: Today marks the“official birthdate of Homl, Belarus native Marek Edelman the cardiologist andhusband of “Alina Marogolis-Edelman” with whom he raised two children,“Aleksander and Anna” who is best known as the “last surviving leader of theWarsaw Ghetto Uprising.

1919: (29thof Tevet, 5679): Sixty-nine-year-old David Lubin, the Polish born American“merchant and agriculturalist” who played a pivotal role “in founding theInternational Institute of Agriculture” passed away today.

1919: Birthdate of J.D.Salinger who is as famous for being a recluse as he is for being the author of Catcherin the Rye. “Salinger was born in1919 in New York City. His mother wasIrish Catholic and his father was Jewish. And because many people in the earlyhalf of the 20th century were often openly racist toward Jews, beinghalf-Jewish was hard on Salinger’s psyche.

What also hurtSalinger’s relationship with his father was the fact that he wanted him to takeover the family meat business. Salingerwas initially unopposed to the proposition.However, after taking a trip to his father’s native land of Poland andseeing the slaughterhouses, Salinger lost respect for his father and hisprofession. Salinger then became adevout vegetarian. What probably had the strongest effect on the mental makeupof Salinger was his experience in World War II.Salinger was in one of the most dangerous regiments of the entire war,as he saw as many as 200 of his fellow soldiers die in a day. Plus, he is also believed to be one of thefirst soldiers to see the Nazi concentration camps. This probably greatly affected him because ofhis Jewish ancestry.” Salinger, who passed away in 2010, became a Buddhist whoonly would eat organic foods.

1920(10th ofTevet, 5680): Asara B’Tevet

1920: Albany Law Schoolgraduate Isadore Bookstein, the Albany born so of Lillian Gallup and HymanBookstein was appointed today to serve as Assistant District Attorney of AlbanyCounty.

1920: Arnold"Arnie" Horween kicked the PAT that provided the margin of victory asHarvard won the Rose Bowl.

1920: Fiorello La Guardia whose father was a Catholic from Italyand whose mother was Jew from Trieste, and was fluent in Yiddish, began hisservice as the 10th President of the New York City Board of Alderman

1921: FeatherweightDanny Frush scored a victory when he fought his 40th bout today.

1921: Jacob A. Dolgenasbegan serving as the Rabbi at Congregation Gates of Prayer in Brooklyn.

1922(1st of Tevet,5682): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

1922: Arthur BenjaminCohen, the St. Louis born son of Henry and Anna Cohn, married Louise Cohn, themother of Arthur B. Cohen.

1923: Birthdate ofDaniel Gorenstein, American mathematician.

1923: IsadoreBookstein, the Albany, NY born son of Hyman and Lillian Bookstein and thehusband of Edith Friedman who was the Valedictorian of his Albany Law SchoolClass completed his service as County of Judge of Albany Country, NY.

1924: Cleveland LawSchool trained attorney Mary Belle Grossman a member of Hadassah and the TempleWomen’s Association who had been elected to the Municipal Bench in Clevelandtook office today.

1925: Today Greecemandated a national day of rest, in disregard to any religion thus forcing theJews to work on the Sabbath, which the Jew as a move on the government's partto get rid of them.

1925: Former New Yorkstate legislator Louis D. Gibbs, a member of Temple Emanu-El began serving “asa member of the New York Supreme Court” today,

1925: Albert Ottingerbegan serving as New York State Attorney General.

1926: Pacific NoveltyCompany which had been founded in 1891 by Joseph Gutman, the German born son ofJette Schloss and Hirsch Gutman and husband of Emma A. Haas merged today withDu Pont Viscoloid Company

1926: Lazar Kaganovichcompleted his first term as a member of the Orgburo (The Central Committee ofthe Communist Party of the Soviet Union)

1927: Birthdate ofCanadian political leader Shelia Finestone.

1927: MiddleweightSeymour ‘Cy” Schindel won his bought today leaving him with a record of 10 winsand 2 losses.

1928: Sixty-five-year-oldtheatrical dancer Loie Fuller whose rumored engagement to Jacob Cantor helpedlead to his defeat when he ran for a seat in Congress representing New York’s15th district, passed away today.

1929(19th ofTevet, 5689): Forty-three-year-old Pittsburgh born Harvard trained attorneyAllan Davis, the president of the Menorah Society passed away today in his hometown.

1929: “Queen Kelly” asilent film directed and produced by Erich von Stroheim was released in theUnited States today

1929: During the RoseBowl, University of California half Benny Lom, a future Jewish Hall of famerattempted to stop one of his teammates from running the wrong way which led tothe touchdown that gave Georgia Tech one of the strangest victories in collegefootball history.

1929: Herbert Lehmanbegan serving as Lieutenant Governor of New York

1929: Republican AlbertOttinger completed his service as New York State Attorney General.

1929: The Labor Partyhas been defeated in the elections for the Municipal Council of Tel Aviv. Labor had controlled the council for the pastthree years but had only won five of the fifteen seats on the council in thisyear’s election. It would appear thatthe United Centre Party has captured a majority of the seats which means thatMeir Dizengoff will return as Mayor of the Jewish metropolis since the councilelects the mayor. Dizengoof had resignedthree years ago in a dispute with the Laborites.

1930(1st of Tevet,5690): Rosh Chodesh Tevet, Sixth Day of Chanukah

1930(1st ofTevet, 5690): Victor (Avigdor) Schonfeld, the native of Sutto, Hungary whoarrived in Britain in 1909 “as Rabbi and Librarian of the North London BethHamedrash” and who founded the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations in 1926by which time he become active in the Mizrachi movement passed away today.

1930:In Boston, Jacob Leo Wiseman and Leah Kotze nave birth to Williams undergradand Yale Law School trained law schoolteacher Frederick Wiseman whose decisionto become a director and producer of documentaries was so successful thatearned both the Dan David Prize and the George Polk Career Award while raisingtwo children with his wife Zipporah Batshaw.

1930: Twins: Heredity and Environment by NathanielD. Mttron Hirsch was published today.

1931: In an interviewpublished in today’s edition of the Santa Fe New Mexican, newly inauguratedGovernor Arthur Governor expressed the regret that his parents Don and DonaSeligman, whom “the older generations of Spanish-Americans” spoke of “with afriendliness and sincerity that that borders on reverence” “could not havelived to have witnessed” his inauguration “and to have shared with me thehappiness that I enjoy.”

1931: The undefeatedAlabama Crimson Tide led by All-American Tackle Fred Sington, a member of ZBT,won the 17th Rose Bowl today

1932:The Green Wave of Tulane led by Louis “Lou” Boasberg who played both tackle andend and later founded the New Orleans Novelty Company, played USC in the RoseBowl today.

1933: Herbert Lehmanbegan serving as the 45th Governor of the state of New York.

1933: A pastoral letter ofAustrian Bishop Gfollner of Linz states that it is the duty of all Catholics toadopt a "moral form of anti-Semitism."

1933: In Berlin, Max Gruenbuam and his wife gavebirth to Marion Adler, the wife of Milton Adler.

1934: In New York City,Henry G. Schanko “took office as a Justice of the City Court” today.

1934: The Nazis removeJewish holidays from the official German calendar.

1934: Birthdate ofChicago native Alan Harrison Berg, the Denver radio talk show host who wasgunned by members of “The Order,” a white supremacist group.

1934: German lawsallowing sterilization of the "unfit," which were passed in July1933, are promulgated.

1934: The paperbackedition of The Jewish Problem: How to Solve It by Louis D. Brandeis wasissued today.

1934: In a move thatwill upset the balance of power in Europe and therefore threaten the well-beingof the Jewish people, Hitler orders the German government to undertake abuilding program that will produce 4000 aircraft by October 1935. (As reportedby the Jewish Virtual Library)

1934: Fiorello La Guardia whose father was a Catholic from Italyand whose mother was Jew from Trieste, and was fluent in Yiddish, began hisservice as the 99th Mayor of New York City.

1934: In Miami, linemanHenry Weinberg helped lead Duquesne to 33 – 7 to victory over the University ofMiami in the Palm Classic which a year later became known as the Orange Bowl.

1935: “Israel Amicam,former official of the Posts and Telegraph Department of the Palestinegovernment, who waged a determined war with the government to forcetransmission of telegrams in Hebrew characters, today sent the first message inHebrew characters over Palestine’s telegraph wires.” (JTA)

1936: Section 3 of theNuremberg Laws – “Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens underthe age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers” – went intoeffect.

1936: Sioux City, Iowa,native Herb Baumstein quarterbacked the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss)today in the second annual Orange Bowl.

1936: Birthdate ofActress Zelda Rubinstein.

1936: In a New Year’smessage made today by the United Palestine Appeal, “Dr. Chaim Weizmann,president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine declared that there was room inPalestine for Jews and Arabs and both peoples could live in harmony.”

1937: One day after itspremiere in New York City, “One in a Million” with an all-star cast includingthe Ritz Brothers and Borrah Minevitch was released in the rest of the UnitedStates today.

1937: The New YorkTimes describes the very successful performance in Tel Aviv of thePalestine Symphony Orchestra under the baton of Arturo Toscanini. The site of an Italian maestro conducting aJewish orchestra in front of a predominately Jewish orchestra is proof to theTimes of “how completely forgiven and forgotten is the seriousmisunderstanding between the two peoples that arose under Titus and Hadrian acouple of thousand years ago.”

1937: Marcel “Bloch'saircraft factories were nationalized by the Société Nationale de ConstructionsAéronautiques de Sud-Ouest (S.N.C.A.S.O.), one of six state-controlledaeronautic factories,” after which he “was retained as a civil servant andinvested the compensation he received for his company in a variety of NorthAmerican securities which led to the founding of a new aircraft company whichlater produced the highly successful Bloch 152 fighter.

1937: Georg Wertheimhead of Wertheim’s one the four largest department store chains in Germanywrites in his diary, “The store is declared to be ‘German.’” This marked the end to his involvement in thefamily business begun by his parents in 1875.Wertheim died in 1939.

1938(28th ofTevet, 5698): Parashat Vaera

1938(28thof Tevet, 5698): Sixty-year-old Berlin born Rabbi Martin Zielonka, the husbandof Dora Schatzkey Zielonka and father of Arthur Zielonka passed after which hewas buried in the Temple Mount Sinai Cemetery in El Paso, TX.

1938: Today, Bert Adlerleft his position as deputy sanitation commissioner in New York to the join thenewly created Depart of Public Works

1938: During January,the concentration camp at Dachau, Germany, is enlarged.

1938: TheNamensänderungsverordnung went into effect today forcing 87 year old Germanmathematician Alfred Pringsheim to legally change hisname to Alfred Israel Pringsheim

1938: During January, acollaborationist organization, National-Socialistische Vrouwen

Organisatie (National Socialist Women's Organization), is establishedin Holland.

1939: The Palestine Post expressed world-wideJewish disgust for Sir Horace Rumbold after he had publicly referred to theJews of Palestine as an “alien race.”

1939: “By today, inCologne, all the Jews were excluded from the economic life and constrained toforced labor.”

1939: It was reportedtoday that “Doubleday, Doran and Company have signed a contract with PeterMendelsohn” “a descendant of the composer” Felix Mendelsohn “for a noveldealing with the plight of exiled Austrian Jews which would be fitting followup to “his latest novel, All That Matters” which was based on “his experiencesin a German Concentration Camp.”

1939: “Simon andSchuster have signed a contract with Dr. Abraham Flexner” the “director of theInstitute for Advanced Learning at Princeton University” “for the publicationof his memoirs.

1939: As of today, thelicenses of the Jewish cattle traders in Laupheim, Germany were revoked.

1939: In an infamousprophecy delivered in a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler threatened that if“international Jewry” started “another” world war, such a war would not end inthe extermination of the Aryan race but rather in the extermination of the “Jewishrace.”

1939: In Germany, TheDecree for the Elimination of Jews from German Economic Life took effect. This was part of what was known as thecompulsory Aryanization process in which all Jewish retail businesses were tobe eliminated. All stock was forbiddento be traded on the free market, but it had to be "sold" to a Germancompetitor or association. This edictwas signed just a month earlier by the Economic and the Justice ministries.

1939: By the end of January"Illegalimmigration" from Germany to Palestine has begun. 27,000 Jews will illegally immigrate by theend of 1940.

1939: As decreed onAugust 17, 1938, Jewish men in Germany must adopt the middle name of"Israel"; Jewish women must take the middle name "Sara."

1939: Jews areeliminated from the German economy; their capital is seized, though some Jewscontinue to work under Germans.

1939: At theBuchenwald, Germany, concentration camp, Deputy Commandant Arthur Rödl ordersseveral thousand inmates to assemble for inspection shortly before midnight. Heselects five men and has them whipped to the melody played by the inmateorchestra. The whipping continues allnight.

1940(20th of Tevet,5700): Hugo Herrmann a Zionist author and publisher, one of the founders of theJewish student organization Bar Kochba in Prague who worked for the KerenHayesod and settled in Jerusalem in 1934 where he published descriptions of hisextensive travels in Palestine passed away today.

1940: The Nazis shotDr. Cooperman in Warsaw for being out after eight o'clock.

1940: Nazis prohibitedJews from gathering in shuls or private homes for prayer.

1940: Gustav Schröder,the captain of the MS St. Louis onits ill-fated journey in 1939 and whom Yad VAshem “honored with with the titleof ‘Righteous Among the nations “slipped past allied patrols and reachedHamburg today” marking his final voyage during the Third Reich.

1941(2nd ofTevet, 5701): 8th and final day of Chanukah

1941: In the Bronx,“Lester Bluestein, an embroiderer” and “the former Beatrice Wargon” gave birthto Maurice Bluestein the mechanical engineer who perfected the weather measureknown as “the wind chill factor.”

1941: In La Plata,Argentina, Catalina and Simon Portugheis gave birth to pianist AlbertoPortugheis.

1942: U.S premiere of “The Man Who Came to Dinner” the film version ofthe play of the same name by Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman with a script byJulius and Philip G. Epstein produced by Jerry Wald.

1942: In the U.S., the Counter-Intelligence Corps (CIC) is established toinvestigate and arrest suspected Nazi war criminals.

1942: Fifty-nine-year-old Max Kohn who had been transported from Pragueto Terezin was transported to Riga today where he was murdered.

1942: Birthdate ofDemocratic politician Martin Frost who represented the 24thCongressional District in Texas from 1979 until 2004.

1943: RepublicanNathanial L. Goldstein began serving the first of three terms as New York StateAttorney General.

1943: In Greensboro,NC, Ruth (née Caplan) and Raymond G. Perelman “who controlled the AmericanPaper Products Corporation gave birth to American investor and businessmanRonald Perelman.

1943(24th ofTevet, 5703): Moshe Gurevich, a 1941 graduate of the Novosibirsk Institute forMilitary Transport Engineering and the son of Shimon (Simon) and Feige Roneh, whowas recruited into

the Red Army where he servedin railway troops during WW2, died in a military hospital today and was buriedin a common grave in Tver Region, Russia.

1943 (24th of Tevet,5703): Arthur Ruppin passed away today in Jerusalem at the age of 67. “Born in Germany, Mr. Ruppin came toPalestine in 1908 to direct the first Palestine office of World ZionistOrganization in Jaffa. He was one of thefounders of Tel Aviv.” Dr. Ruppin wasconsidered an authority on all facets of the economic situation in Palestineand was a strong fighter against those who claimed that limits must be placedon Jewish immigration because the country could not sustain anything more thana marginal growth in population.

1944: Publication of YourDigestive System by University of Maryland trained physician Louis Winfieldthe gastroenterologist who did post-graduate work at Johns Hopkins and who roseto become the chief of the gastro-intestinal clinic at Lebanon Hospital in NYC

1944: OperationHalyard, one of the largest Allied airlift operation behind enemy lines ofWorld War II in which Yugoslav Partisans (a multi-ethnic resistance force thatincluded Bosnian Muslims and Jews) played a key role, began today.

1945: Americans All:Jews in the Making of Glorious America by Oscar Leonard was publishedtoday.

1945: On the same daythat Hitler broadcast his last New Year’s Day address, the Red Army launchedthe Oder-Neisse offensive, the start of the last push that would in Berlin.

1946: In Tel Aviv,police found a large arms cache today that contained a both heavy and lightautomatic weapons, various chemicals of the type used for detonating explosivesand a number of military uniforms.

1947: The State StoveCompany of Hamilton, OH which Lucian L. Kahn served as vice president andtreasurer was sold today to the Noma Electric Corporation.

1947: A BritishMilitary Court sentenced Dov Bela Gruner to be hanged for his part in theattack on the police station at Ramt Gan.Gruner, a 33-year-old veteran of the British Army, is a member of theIrgun and claimed that he should have been treated as a prisoner of war and nota criminal.

1948: After the “PanYork” and the “Pan Crescent”, two ships each carrying “7,500 people fromRomania, Bulgaria and Transylvania” arrived in Cyprus having been forced to gothere by British ships trying to keep Jews from Palestine, crew member GeddaSchochat, Dave Lowenthal, Teddy Vardi and Avi Livney were taken thrown into “ajail cell of the Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry” where, based on theirappearance the following day, they were beaten. (As reported by Avi Livney)

1948: Thousands of“illegal” Jewish refugees who had been trying to reach Palestine disembarked inCyprus where the British interned them in DP camps.

1949(30th ofKislev, 5709): Parashat Miketz; Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

1949: As promised byPrime Minister David Ben-Gurion, Israeli troops began withdrawing from theSinai Peninsula.

1949: Today, JosephKlein began serving as the Rabbi at Temple Emanuel Sinai in Worcester, Mass – aposition he would fill for so long that he became the congregation’s longestserving Rabbi.

1950: In Guyana, JanetRosenberg Jagan and her husband formed the People’s Progressive Party (PPP)which she served as General Secretary until 1970.

1950: Levi Olan,“reform rabbi who had just left Worcester, MA to take over the pulpit at TempleEmanu-El in Dallas left the Cotton today wondering “what a liberal like wouldbe able to accomplish in a conservative city like Dallas.

1951: Birthdate ofPortsmouth, VA native and MIT grad Radia Joy Perlman who “s most famous for herinvention of the spanning-tree protocol (STP), which is fundamental to theoperation of network bridges…”

1952(3rd of Tevet,5712): Either late last night or early this morning Leah Feistinger was rapedand murdered. “The Mixed Armistice Commission (MAC) investigating officer,Major Loreaux, reported that the body of the girl, Leah Feistinger, had beenfound hidden in a cave about a mile from the Jordan border, the girl had beenraped and murdered her face had been mutilated. While it was believed by Israelipolice that this atrocity had been committed by Jordanians, they did not findevidence of an infiltration. The case had not been discussed by the Commission.Major Loreaux expressed the opinion that the Israeli police would have a betterchance of finding the killer than the Arabs would.”

1952: In Jerusalem,“shooting attack by terrorists during a home invasion.”

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israelcontinued to protest against the increased British, French and US arms sales tothe belligerent Arab states, at least until they agreed to negotiatepeace. While Britain, threatened by theEgyptian guerrilla war against its forces stationed at Suez, had temporarilysuspended her arms shipments there, France and the US had no such problem andcontinued to arm Israel¹s neighbors without any restrictions.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that thegovernment presented the oil-importing companies with IL 3,800,000 financialguarantees, covered by funds earmarked under the German Reparations Agreementfor this purpose.

1953: The JerusalemPost reported that the number of unemployed in 1952 was 16,500. This number, however, did not include IsraeliArabs, residents of immigrant transit camps, and others who had not registeredwith the Labor Exchange for employment.

1954: “The Story of Pesach,” a pamphlet by I. ChaimPomerantz was issued today.

1955(7th of Tevet, 5715): Parashat Vayigash

1955: After having served in the Army during the Korean warand spending “two frustrating semesters at the Philadelphia Museum School ofArt” and less than successful stint in Chicago, today, Dave Heath moved toChicago where he gained fame as an award-winning photographer.

1955: Republican Nathaniel L. Goldstein completed his thirdand final term as New York State Attorney General.

1955: Arthur Leavitt, Sr begins serving as New York StateComptroller, a position he will hold for a record 24 years.

1955: Jacob K. Javits begins serving as the 58thNew York State Attorney General.

1956: In an open-the-flap book titled See the Circuspublished today H. A. Rey illustrated a man who looks very much like the Manwith the Yellow Hat wearing a blue and white polka-dotted kerchief. The captionfor the page reads, "Ted has a tricycle, so very small, He cannot ride it,because he's so tall. If you want to find out WHO the rider will be, just openthe flap, and then you will see." Opening the flap reveals two monkeysriding a tricycle.”

1957: Today, British Reform Rabbi Hugo Gabriel Gryn marriedJacqueline Selby with whom he had four children – Gaby, Naomi, Rachelle andDavid.

1957: Arthur E. Manheimer, the Harvard educated attorneyand WW I veteran who was the husband of Ruth Manheimer and father of Williamand Kent Manheimer retired today from the presidency of the Hampden WatchCompany which he had founded in 1940.

1957: Louis Lefkowitz began serving as Attorney General ofthe State of New York.

1958(9th of Tevet, 5718): Joseph Porton, thenative of Neshvis, Lithuania, who established a printing business in Leeds,England and wrote Bible Stories and Jewish Ideals and Thoughts andIdeas passed away today.

1959: Publication of the Bibliography of SephardicProverbs by Henry V. Besso.

1959: Publication of the paperback edition of Good to Be aJew by Eugene Kohn.

1959: As the Castro forces took over Cuba, casinos owned byMeyer Lansky were looted.

1959: Caroline Klein Simon was sworn in as New York'sSecretary of State as part of the administration of newly elected GovernorNelson Rockefeller.

1960(1st of Tevet,5720): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; the first day of the year coincides with the firstday of the month and, in the evening, the kindling of the candles for the 8thday of Chanukah

1960(1st of Tevet,5720): Seventy-seven-year-old University of Pennsylvania graduate Sydney Davis,the chemist turned real estate broker and “president of the Brotherhood ofTemple B’nai Jershurun of Newark who was the husband of Saide Davis with whomhe had one daughter passed away today.

1961: Funeral services arescheduled to be held today of Isadore Abraham following by burial at BaronHirsh Cemetery on Staten Island

1961: Sid Gillman’s Los AngelesChargers came out on the short of the score of the first American FootballLeague Championship Game.

1961: “Mr. and Mrs. Leon Bloomannounced the engagement of their daughter Dara Leslie Bloom to Ralph HowardBernstein.”

1961: Birthdate of Grammy Awardnominee David Rosenthal “an American keyboardist, musical director, musicproducer, synthesizer programmer, orchestrator, and songwriter, mostly knownfor working with the hard rock band Rainbow and Billy Joel”

1962: Abe Beam began serving asthe 36th New York City Comptroller.

1963(5th of Tevet, 5723) A firebroke out at the Telshe Yeshiva claiming the lives of two students.

1963: Al Davis met with theowners of the Oakland Raiders and negotiated a deal that made him coach andgeneral manager.

1964: Publication of the thirdedition of A History of the Jews of England by Cecil Roth.

1965: Palestinian al-Fatah terrorist organization forms.

1965(27th of Tevet, 5725): Seventy-one-year-olddecorated WW I hero and Corporal in the11th Battalion of the NorthumberlandFusiliers Felix Bernstein, the Yorkshire born son of Leah Harris and AaronGeorge Bernstein who lost a leg and earned the Victory Medal, the British WarMedal and the 1914-star passed away today.

1966: Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence"reaches #1.

1966: “Dr. Manfred George 72, Dies” published today

1967: A month-long exhibition of the paintings of IsserArnovici, opened at the Elizabeth Street Gallery.

1967: “Code Name: Heracl*tus” with a musical score byJohnny Mandel was released today in the United States.

1968(30th of Kislev, 5728): Rosh Chodesh Tevet;6th day of Chanukah

1968(30th of Kislev, 5728):Seventy-nine-year-old Philadelphia restaurateur Samuel Feld, the husband of“the former Edna Rosenfeld” with whom he raised three children including theactor Norman Fell passed away today afer which he was buried at the MontefioreCemetery.

1968: During a reception today, “President deGaulle…assured the Grand Rabbi of France that it was from his intention toinsult the Jews when he called them an ‘elite people, sure of itself anddomineering.’”

1968: Louis Begley who would eventually go on to become asuccessful, award winning author was named partner in the law firm now known asDebevoise & Plimpton today

1968(30th of Kislev, 5768): Rosh Chodesh Tevetand 6th day of Chanukah

1968(30th of Kislev, 5768): Ruth L. Sherman, thedaughter of Elias and Fanny Pofcher and the wife of Charles Sherman passed awaytoday after which she was buried in West Roxbury, Mass.

1969: Isidore Dollinger begins serving as a justice of NewYork Supreme Court, from the first judicial district.

1969: M.S. Agwani’s review of Bernard Lewis’ TheAssassins: A Radical Sect in Islam which “traces the history of the secretIslamic sect” was published today.

1969: According to ThePalgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History birthdate of Sophie Okonedo,the London born actress was nominated for an Oscar as the best supportingactress for her role in Hotel Rwanda.

1970: Abe Beame began serving as the 38th NewYork City Comptroller.

1970: In Jerusalem, five people were injured by a terroristgrenade

1970: BBC began broadcasting “The Six Wives of Henry VIII”featuring Wolfe Morris of “Thomas Cromwell” one of the villains in the series.

1970: In Hebron, two Arabs were “killed by a grenade thrownat an Israeli army vehicle.

1970: Jack J. Dreyfus Jr., one of Wall Street's leadingfinanciers, is scheduled to retire today “from Dreyfus Co. to devote full time tostudying and working with a drug that he believes may have broad implications.”

1971: U.S. premiere of “Something Big” with music by MarvinHamlisch and a title song by Burt Bacharach.

1972: After 505 performances at the Lunt-Fontaine Theatre,the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “The Rothschilds amusical with a book by Sherman Yellen, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick and music byJerry Bock” starring Hal Linden as Mayer Rothschild.

1972: After 1,281 performances at the Shubert Theatre, thecurtain comes down on the original Broadway production of “Promises, Promises”a musical with a score by Burt Bacharach, lyrics by Hal David and a book byNeil Simon.

1973: University of Michigan trained attorney Charles Levinbegan serving as Associate Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court.

1973(27th of Tevet, 5733): Lou Halper, the NewJersey Welterweight Champion of 1932 and member of the New Jersey Boxing Hallof Fame who was President of Halper Brothers Paper Company passed away today

1973: Birthdate of Pulitzer Prize winner and New York Times executive DavidLeonhardt.

1974: “The Way We Were,” “the fifteenth studio albumrecorded by American vocalist Barbra Streisand. was released today by ColumbiaRecords

1974: Abraham “Abe” Beame began serving as the 104thMayor of New York City.1975: Chuck Schumer began serving as a “member of theNew York State Assembly from the 45th District” today.

1975: Harvard Law School graduate and U.S. Army veteranFranz Sigmund Leichter, the Vienna horn son of Otto Leichter and Kathe Liechter“a leading sociologist and feminist” who “was arrested by the Gestapo in 1938and killed at Ravensbruck in 1942” began serving as a member of the New YorkState Senate.

1975(18th of Tevet, 5735): Seventy-one-year-oldVictor Alphonse Sachse, Jr., the LSU trained attorney and husband of JaniceRubenstein Sachse who was the father attorney and Korean War Veteran VictorAlphonse Sachse III, passed away today and was buried at the Jewish Cemetery inBaton Rouge, LA.

1977: Following the death of his first wife “Sara Zwilling”in 1975, movie maker Boris Sagal married his second wife, “Marge Champion”today.

1977: Jerry Nadler began serving as a member of the NewYork State Assembly from the 69th district.

1978: The JerusalemPost reported that the Egyptian negotiators in Cairo demanded that Israelliquidate her settlements on the West Bank and in Gaza as a pre-condition forthe Palestine Arabs¹ self-determination.Israel suggested that under the proposed peace plan, the prospectiveSinai settlers would pay taxes to Egypt.

1978: Ed Koch begins serving as the 105th mayorof New York City.

1978: The JerusalemPost reported that US President Jimmy Carter, who concluded his talks withthe Shah of Iran and King Hussein of Jordan, was expected to arrive in Cairofor talks with President Anwar Sadat and a possible active participation inIsraeli-Egyptian peace negotiations.

1978: The JerusalemPost reported that the Israeli population toward the end of 1977 stood at3,650,000 ­ 3,076,000 Jews and 574,000 non-Jews.

1979(2nd of Tevet, 5739): Eighth Day of Chanukah

1979(2nd of Tevet, 5739): Seventy-year-old BatonRouge native and LSU trained attorney, Victor A. Sachse, Jr. the husband JaniceRubenstein and the father of attorney Victor A Schase III passed away today.

1979: Robert Abrams began serving as Attorney General ofNew York State.

1979: “A car bomb was found opposite Cafe Atara on thepedestrian mall and was neutralized about half an hour before it was to haveblown up.”

1980(12th of Tevet, 5740): Eighty-two-year-oldLondon born American Oscar winning composer Adolph Deutsch passed away today.

1980: After 32 years, German born American aviationengineer who played a major role in the aerospace manufacturing industryretired from General Electric where he had helped to develop among otherthings, the fanjets that power a significant number of all civilian andmilitary aircraft.

1981: It was reported today that “889 Jews had left theSoviet Union in December, 1980.”

1981: Pulitzer prize winning journalist Linda JoyceGreenhouse married Eugene R. Fidell “in a Jewish ceremony.

1983(16th of Tevet, 5743) : Parashat Vayechi

1983(16th of Tevet, 5743): Eighty-nine-year-oldBrooklyn born theatrical agent Karl N. Bernstein who began his career as avaudeville critic of The Morning Telegraph before going on to promote Broadwayshows produced by George Gershwin, Frank Loesser and Julie Styne passed awaytoday.

1983: Moshe Levy was promoted to the rank of LieutenantGeneral and appointed IDF Chief of General Staff.

1984: The funeral for Rabbi Morris N. Kertzer, author of WhatIs a Jew? is scheduled to be held in Toronto today.

1984: At the Roayle Theatre, the curtain came down on aBroadway revival of “You Can’t Take It With You,” a three act comedy written byGeorge Kaufman and Moss Hart which had begun in April of 1983.

1985: Carolyn Leigh was inducted into the Songwriters Hallof Fame today.

1985: Louis Silverstein, the longtime Art Director of TheNew York Times, retired today.

1986(20th of Tevet, 5746): Ninety-six-year-oldbasketball player and coach Max “Marty” Friedman passed away today.

1986: Jerry Abramson began serving as the 47thmayor of Louisville, KY.

1986(20th of Tevet, 5746): Ninety-year-oldSamuel Gitlow, the Belarus born son of Elke and Hershcel Gitlow and the husbandof Esther Gitlow with whom he had four children passed away today in SpringValley, NY>

1987(30th of Kislev, 5747): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

1988(11th of Tevet, 5748): Seventy-nine-year-oldGerman born American “character actor” whose “Jewish descent” made him a targetfor the Nazis during the Holocaust passed away today

1989: As new measures, imposed by the Federal AviationAdministration in response to the bombing of a Pan Am jumbo jet over Scotlandon December 21 take effect, Senator John D. Rockefeller 4th, a West VirginiaDemocrat who was en route from Israel to the United States and was transferringto a Pan Am flight in Paris, said the security was tighter than usual, but notas heavy as that which he had experienced at Ben-Gurion Airport outside TelAviv. ''They opened everything, and that's excellent,' he said of hisearly-morning departure. Security officers gave every passenger ‘a verydiplomatic, but careful grilling,'' asking questions like: Do you have anythingnew? Are you carrying anything for anyone? One security officer, he said, toldhim bluntly: ''Get nothing between here and the airplane. Go straight to theplane.''

1989: Stephen Engelberg and Michael Gordon of The NewYork Times are the first to report in detail about West Germanparticipation in the design and construction of the vast chemical plantdesigned to produce poison gas at Rabta in Libya along with facts about Frenchaid in refueling bombers that would make possible the quick delivery ofpoison-gas bombs to Tel Aviv residents who are descendants of those forced tobreathe Cyclon-B at Auschwitz.

1990: Elizabeth Holtzman became the 40thComptroller of New York City.

1990: A reprint of Torchbearers of the Middle Ages which “outlines thecontributions of important Jews of the Middle Ages including Anan Ben David,Chasdai Ibn Shaprut, Gershom Ben Judah and Solomon Ib Gabirol” was issuedtoday.

1990: Stephen Breyer began servicing as Chief Judge of theUnited States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

1991: WW II veteran and Queens College graduate Warren H.Phillips, the New York born son of Abraham Phllips and the former JulietteRosenberg and husband of Barbara Anne Thomas, stepped down as CEO of Dow Jones& Company, a position he had held since March of 1975.

1991: Bruce Sundlun began serving as the 21stgovernor of Rhode and the second Jew to hold this position.

1992: In “Frank Binswanger - Philadelphia's Golem -Remembered Fondly He Was Constantly Exhorting Philadelphians To Join HisPursuit Of Impossible Dreams” published today Dan Rottenberg provides apersonal picture of this descendant of Rabbi Judah, the 16th centurycreator of the Golem.

1992: A suspicious firebroke out in the basem*nt of a synagogue in Brooklyn, severely damaging thebuilding and forcing the removal of several torahs. . Flames rushed through thebasem*nt of Congregation Hisachbis Yirieim at 902 Avenue L, near East NinthStreet, at 4:02 P.M. It was undercontrol at 4:47 P.M., Fire Marshal Glynn said. Fire department officials saidthat the fire “is being considered as suspicious” in origin.

1994: Abraham M. Lackman is scheduled to begin serving asbudget director under new mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani

1994: Alan Hevesi began serving as the 41stComptroller of New York City

1994: Gabriel Oliver Koppell began serving as the 61stNew York State Attorney General.

1995(29th of Tevet, 5755): Eugene Wigner, winner of theNobel Prize for Physics in 1963 passed away.

1995: The full text of report compiled by the AgranatCommission, except for 48 pages, was made public today.

1995: “The final phase of the Free Trade Agreement wasfully implemented today when Israel and the United States completely eliminatedall duties and tariffs on manufactured goods.”

1995: Norman Pearlstein began serving as editor in chief ofTime Inc.

1997: “No Names on the Doors,” the third in Nadav“Levitan’s trilogy about Kibbutzim” was released in Israel today.

1997: Eighty-eight-year-old James Bennett Pritchard, theUniversity of Pennsylvania archaeologist whose work included six expeditionsthat unearthed and examined the remains of the Biblical city of Gibeon passedaway today.

1998: Share prices on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange closedhigher today, on optimism that the Government would pass its 1998 budget andthat there would be a cut in interest rates as early as February. The TA-100index of the shares with the highest market capitalization rose nine-tenths of1 percent, to 293.74, an increase of 2.68 points. The Maof index of the 25blue-chip shares gained seven-tenths of 1 percent, to 305.92, a jump of 2.11points. The TACT index of continuously traded shares rose 1 percent, to 98.06,a gain of 0.92 points. Trading volume was 121 million shekels ($34.30 million).Stockbrokers said the relatively low volume was attributable to the closing offoreign markets for New Year's Day.

1998: Jack Weinstein, the future Deputy Chief of Staff forStrategic Deterrence and Nuclear Integration, was promoted to the rank of Lt.Colonel today.

1999: After 13 years, Jerry Abramson completed his finalterm as mayor of Louisville, KY.

1999: The Times ofLondon features a review of Athens In Jerusalem: Classical antiquity andHellenism in the making of the modern secular Jew by Yaacov Shavi;translated from the Hebrew by Chaya Naor and Niki Werner.

1999: Eliot Spitzer became the 63rd New YorkAttorney General.

1999: Eric Schneiderman began serving as a member of theNew York Senate from the 30th district.

2000: David Hurlbut moved into the Harmony Club in Selma,Alabama. It had originally been built as a social club by a group of prominentJewish businessmen in 1909.

2000: Barbra Streisand completed a two night concert seriesat the MGM Grand Arena in Las Vegas which generate more than $18 million inrevenue.

2000(23rd of Tevet, 5760): Jeshajahu Weinberg, the firstdirector of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum here and one of theprincipal forces behind its creation, died today in Ichilov Hospital in TelAviv. He was 81. Mr. Weinberg served as the museum's director from itsbeginning in 1989 until 1995, as it became one of Washington's leading touristattractions. He also helped create museums in Israel and Europe. Walter Reich,who succeeded Mr. Weinberg as director of the Washington museum, said todaythat Mr. Weinberg's interests in it went from inducing a British televisiondocumentary maker to design the exhibitions to worrying about the impact that amuseum depicting the Nazi horrors might have on children who visit it andcurators who work there. Mr. Weinberg, whose first name was pronouncedyuh-shah-YAH-who but who was known as Shaike (pronounced SHY-kuh), was born inWarsaw and educated in Germany until his family fled to Palestine in the 1930'swith the rise of Hitler. Mr. Weinberg served from 1935 to 1948 in the Jewishunderground army, the Haganah, and from 1942 to 1946 in the Jewish Brigade ofthe British Army, although the Haganah and the British Army were frequently atodds. He fought in Italy while in the British Army and became a sergeant.Martin Smith, the documentary filmmaker who designed the exhibitions, said fromhis home in Bristol, England, that Albert Abramson, one of the museum'sfounders, had suggested to Mr. Weinberg that Mr. Smith would make the idealdesigner of the museum. ''I wasn't Jewish, I wasn't museum inclined, and Iwasn't American,'' Mr. Smith said, but Mr. Weinberg was persuasive. ''Heencouraged me to look at how the techniques of documentary filmmaking could beused in a museum setting,'' Mr. Smith said. The museum's architect, James I.Freed, also described how Mr. Weinberg had driven the design and constructionof the museum. After a section had been built, Mr. Freed said, ''Shaike wasinsistent -- he wanted a railroad freight car to be included. We had to changethe building to accommodate it. He never accepted 'no.' '' Mr. Freed added thatMr. Weinberg worked to bring together competing constituencies that wanted tomake sure their groups' sufferings were not ignored. The groups includedEuropean Jews, Gypsies and other ethnic groups as well as members of dissentingreligions and political parties, hom*osexuals and the physically and mentallyhandicapped. Mr. Weinberg was also an official of the Israeli government anddirector of the Cameri Theater in Tel Aviv. He helped create the BethHatefutsoth Museum of the Jewish Diaspora in Tel Aviv, where he served asdirector, and the Museum of the History of the City of Jerusalem. At his death,even while slowed by vascular illness, Mr. Weinberg was working on the design ofJewish museums in Warsaw and Berlin. (As reported by Irvin Molotsky)

2001: A car bomb rocked the commercial heart of the Israelicoastal city of Netanya today wounding more than 30 people, at least oneseriously.

2001: Yasir Arafat left Gaza shortly after midnight todayfor a hastily arranged meeting with President Clinton to discuss thePalestinian leader's reservations about an American blueprint for a final peacedeal.

2001: Former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu belatedlyendorsed Ariel Sharon in his bid to become Prime Minister.

2002: Michael Bloomberg became the 108th Mayorof New York City.

2002: Gabriel Oliver Koppell began serving as a member ofthe New York City Council from the 11th District.

2002: Michael Applebaum began serving as Borough mayor forCôte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce and Montreal City Councilor

2002(17th of Tevet, 5762): Fifty-seven-year-oldfilm producer Julia Phillips passed away. (As reported by Bernard Weinraub)

2002: Gabriel Oliver Koppell began serving as member of theNew York City Council from the 11th District.

2003: Het Parool “an Amsterdam based daily newspaper” thatgot its start “as a resistance paper during the German occupation” took afinancial bailout today to save it from the consequences of failing circulationand revenue.

2003: Alan Hevesi began serving as the 53rdComptroller of New York

2003: Eric Schneiderman began serving as a member of theNew York Senate from the 31st district.

2004: Louis Begley retired from Debevoise & Plimpton

2005: Jessalyn Sarah Gilsig and Bobby Salomon were marriedtoday in “a traditional Jewish wedding.

2005: Isaac Perlmutter became the CEO of Marvel Comicstoday.

2006: Jack Lebewohl, the new owner of the 2ndAvenue Deli which was located at its original location in the East Village,closed the famed eatery after a rent increase and a dispute over back rent thatthe landlord had said was due.

2006: Daniel C. Kurtzer, former U.S. ambassador to Israeland Egypt, assumes the position of S. Daniel Abraham Visiting Professor inMiddle East Policy Studies at Princeton University.

2006: Eric Garcetti began serving as President of the LosAngeles City Council

2006: The New YorkTimes featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of specialinterest to Jewish readers including Kafka: The Decisive Years by Reiner Stach, Savage Shorthand The Life and Death of Isaac Babel byJerome Charyn, Siegfried Sassoon: ALife by Max Egremont and Why She Married Him Myriam Chapman’s first novel based on hergrandmother's recently discovered manuscript describing a childhood inturn-of-the-century czarist Russia, close escapes from its brutal pogroms andlife as a Jewish émigré in Paris.

2006(1st of Tevet, 5766): Henry Samuel Magdoff passed away. He was a prominent Americansocial commentator who held several administrative positions in governmentduring the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt and later became co-editor ofthe Monthly Review.

2007: As a result of “the incident in which the Hanit Navyship was struck by an Iranian missile launched by Hizbullah during the secondLebanon war” “IDF Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Dan Halutz announced todaythat the two Navy officers at the rank of colonel would be reprimandedfollowing the incident, and that the ship's commander, a lieutenant colonel,would also be punished by the Navy commander, and his next position would be atthe headquarters and not a commanding position.” (As reported by HananGreenberg)

2007: Eliot Spitzer became the 54th governor ofNew York

2007: Under Commissioner David Stern, the NBA switched backto the leather ball.

2007: Jane Doe Buys a Challah and Other Short Stories,the first publication of Ang-Lit Press, a newly established English publishinghouse based in Tel-Aviv goes on sale in Israel.The book is the first ever anthology of short stories by Israeli Anglowriters.

2008: Lieutenant General Moshe Levy, who had served at the12th Chief of Staff of the IDF, suffered a massive stroke.

2008: At the Museum of Jewish Heritage and closing day ofan exhibition entitled TheOther Promised Land: Vacationing, Identity, and the Jewish-American Dream. “Setagainst the backdrop of the seashore, the mountains, or the countryside,vacations have always been a meaningful part of American Jewish life. AmericanJews chose their own distinctive destinations - Florida, the Catskills,Atlantic City, sites of Jewish heritage - to join with friends or in responseto being excluded at other venues, creating temporary communities oflike-minded people. Some vacations were pursuits of luxury and abundance, whileothers emphasized Jewish beliefs and traditions, but all expressed theexcitement and promise of America. The history of Jewish vacationing provides aglimpse into Jewish values, past and present.”

2009: In a move that bodes well for Israel, The CzechRepublic takes over the presidency of the European Union from France.

2009: Todaym Norman “Podhoretz became editor of Commentary magazine.

2009: Haaretzreported that according to a story published by the Belgian daily LaDerniere Heure published earlier this week Jewish-French philosopherBernard Henri-Levy was listed by a Belgium-based Islamist group as a target forassassination alongside other leading Jewish personalities in Europe.

2009 (5 Tevet 5769): Helen Suzman, the internationally renowned anti-apartheidcampaigner who befriended the imprisoned Nelson Mandela and offered an oftenlonely voice for change among South Africa’s white minority, died inJohannesburg at the age of 91. (Asreported by John F. Burns and Alan Cowell)

2009: “Teapacks, an Israeli bandthat formed in 1988 in the southern Israeli city of Sderot, officiallydisbanded today.

2009: After almost five years as ChiefJudge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan,Bernard A. Friedman became the Senior Judge of the same court.

2009(5th of Tevet, 5769): Polishwriter Henryk Halkowski, one of Poland's most notable contemporary Jewishpersonalities, died suddenly today just days after celebrating his 57thbirthday. (As reported by JTA)

2010: Starting at noon,Congregation Tikvat Israel in Rockville, Md., is hosting a sale of used booksabout Judaism.

2010: In a case of Jew vs JewLionel Perez replaced Saulie Zajdel as Montreal City Councillor for Darlington.

2010: In Israel theWater Authority is supposed to be implementing a price hike. If the priceincrease does not go through, several water corporations - including thoseservicing the Galilee - will not have the funds to buy water from Mekorot, thenational water company.

2010: In JerusalemHama'abada and The Visual Theatre present a unique collaboration: "SnowWill Fall Tonight" including the following three shows:"Pollyamoria" by Ma'ayan Moses, Pets" by Anat Arbel--tragi-comicdance theatre and "To Raise You Wild"--by Shai Persil.

2010: The Aksa MartyrsBrigades claimed responsibility today for firing two Grad-type rockets at theNetivot area from Gaza last night.

2010: Two mortar shellsh*t open areas in southern Israel this evening.

2010: Michael Bloomberg is swornin for this third term as Mayor of New York.

2010: Birthdate of Nathan ZacharySilber son of David and Rebecca Silber and grandson of Dr. Robert “Bob” andLaurie Silber, pillars of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community and all aroundgreat guys.

2011: András Schiff “published aletter in the Washington Postquestioning whether "Hungary is ready and worthy to take on" therotating presidency of the Council of the European Union, as it did that day,because of "racism, discrimination against the Roma, anti-Semitism,xenophobia, chauvinism and reactionary nationalism," and "the latestmedia laws."

2011: Eric Schneiderman beganserving as the 65th Attorney General of New York.

2011: FrederickLawrence, 54, is scheduled to become Brandeis University’s eighth presidenttoday succeeding President Jehuda Reinharz

2011: With snow falling andtemperatures well below freezing, the Traditional Minyan at Temple Judah inCedar Rapids, Iowa, ushered in the New Year.In keeping with the bowl games that dominate the day, Deb Levin and AmyBarnum provided a football themed Kiddush complete with pizza, munchies and awhole lot more.

2011: Arab terrorists launched amortar attack near Sderot this evening. One woman was treated for shock. TheIDF noted that 6,500 residents live in the immediate area, which includesseveral kibbutzim. The IDF retaliated by bombing a terrorist base and a weaponsfactory in northern and central Gaza later that night.

2011: Two femalesoldiers managed to escape a would-be attacker tonight. The two were attackedby a Palestinian Authority man with a knife as they left their base in GushEtzion, south of Jerusalem. The two reported the incident immediately, andBorder Police began searching the area. They found the PA man nearby, and headmitted to having attempted to stab soldiers at the base. He was arrested andtaken in for questioning.

2011: An earthquake hitnorthern Israel on this evening, being felt most strongly in the region of BeitShean and Afula; residents of Tzfat reported feeling motion as well.

2011(25th of Tevet,5771): Abdallah Simon, called one of America's "most powerful" wineexecutives for decades and a philanthropist, died today at the age of 88.Simon, a Baghdad native, was the developer of the Seagram's Chateau &Estate Wines Company and helped craft America's taste for fine French wines. Ina 1988 article, The New York Times described Simon as a "superpower"in the world of fine French wines and said his yearly visits to Bordeaux were"probably more important than those of the president of France."Simon, who was known as "Ab" to both the American and Bordeaux wineindustries, attended private school in England and American University inBeirut, but left Iraq for New York after a pro-Nazi regime came to power therein 1941. Simon's wine career began in 1952 when he tasted a 1929 Chateau LatourBordeaux, a prominent First Growth wine, on the Queen Mary while sailing toEurope. He joined Seagram in 1974. With $2 million staked by Seagram, Simonturned the division into a leading force in the wine industry. Simon bypassedthe middlemen, called negociants, and struck deals with chateau owners thatallowed him to influence prices and deliver large quantities of fine wine tothe U.S. market. In 1980, France made Simon a Chevalier of the Legion of Honorfor service to that nation’s wine industry. Simon's philanthropy in retirementincluded the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Tel Aviv Foundation, whichsaid upon his death that his "generosity and friendship will be missed buthis contributions to Tel Aviv's future generations will live on for alltime."

2011: As a result of the2010 Congressional Elections, the following is a list of the 39 Jewish members— 12 senators and 27 representatives — who are expected to serve in the 112thU.S. Congress, which is set to convene in January:


Richard Blumenthal(D-Conn.)*

Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.)**

Benjamin Cardin (D-Md.)

Dianne Feinstein(D-Calif.)

Al Franken (D-Minn.)

Herb Kohl (D-Wisc.)

Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.)

Joseph Lieberman (I-Conn.)

Carl Levin (D-Mich.)

Bernard Sanders (I-Vt.)

Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.)**

Ron Wyden (D-Ore.)**

(Sen. Michael Bennet(D-Colo.), who is projected to win his re-election bid, does not identify areligion, but notes that his mother is Jewish and a Holocaust survivor.)


Gary Ackerman (D-N.Y.)

Shelley Berkley (D-Nev.)

Howard Berman (D-Calif.)

Eric Cantor (R-Va.)

David Cicilline (D-R.I.)*

Stephen Cohen (D-Tenn.)

Susan Davis (D-Calif.)

Ted Deutch (D-Fla.)

Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.)

Bob Filner (D-Calif.)

Barney Frank (D-Mass.)

Gabrielle Giffords(D-Ariz.)

Jane Harman (D-Calif.)

Steve Israel (D-N.Y.)

Sander Levin (D-Mich.)

Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.)

Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.)

Jared Polis (D-Colo.)

Steve Rothman (D-N.J.)

Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.)

Allyson Schwartz (D-Pa.)

Adam Schiff (D-Calif.)

Brad Sherman (D-Calif.)

Debbie Wasserman Schultz(D-Fla.)

Henry Waxman (D-Calif.)

Anthony Weiner (D-N.Y.)

John Yarmuth (D-Ky.)

*Elected to House or Senatefor the first time in 2010 midterms

**Senators who werere-elected in 2010 midterms (As reported by JTA)

2012: Simon Greer will become the president and CEO at the Nathan CummingsFoundation after serving in the same roles at Jewish Funds for Justice. Hesucceeds Lance Lindblom.

2012: A memorial service was held to honor the lateYiddish singer Adrienne Cooper at Congregation Ansche Chesed while shiva washeld at her daughter’s apartment in New York City.

2012: The New YorkTimes features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of specialinterest to Jewish readers including “Gossip: The Untrivial Pursuit” by JosephEpstein and “Some of My Lives: A Scrapbook Memoir” by Rosamond Bernier whosemother was English and whose father was an American Jew.

2012(6th of Tevet, 5772): Venerated Israeli singerYafa Yarkoni died at the age of 86 at Reut Medical Center in Tel Aviv today,after years of suffering from Alzheimer's disease. (As reported by IsabelKershner)

2012: Today, University of California and Harvard Business School graduateLaurence M. Baer, the play-by-player announcer turned baseball executive, whoalong with his wife Pamela is a member of Congregation Emanu-El, became the CEOof the San Francisco Giants.

2012: Israeli politicians responded to last night‘s ultra-Orthodoxdemonstration in Jerusalem’s Kikar Hashabbat (Sabbath Square), with DefenseMinister Ehud Barak and Opposition Leader Tzipi Livni expressing outrage overprotesters use of Holocaust symbolism to protest what they termed the exclusionof Haredim.

2012: Gaza terrorists resumed 11years of aerial attacks on Israel late this morning, firing two mortars shellson the western Negev.

2013: After having announced his intentions in September, today ThomasEdgar Rothman’s resignation as Chairman and CEO of Fox Filmed Entertainmentbecame effective today.

2013: The works Janusz Korczak the pediatrician who wrote under the penname Henryk Goldszmit and who famouslywent to the death camps with his orphans, would be available in the publicdomain as of 1 January 2013.[

2013: Paul Shapiro's Ribs and Brisket Revue is scheduled to host a specialKlezmer Brunch for the New Year.

2013: Thomas Edgar Rothman’s resignation as “chairman and chief executiveof the Fox Filmed Entertainment” which had been tendered in September, becameeffective today.

2013: “The Looper” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish FilmFestival.

2013: Starting today, female andmale models who have a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5 may not be shownin the media or on Israeli websites or go down the catwalk at fashion shows

2013: After coming under fire from right-wing Israeli politicians for aseries of statements he made over the past few days regarding the peace processand the prospect of talks with Hamas, President Shimon Peres was subjected toan unexpected tongue lashing — from a top Palestinian Authority official today.

2013: The ascendant head of theJewish Home party, Naftali Bennett, continued to make political waves, aftersupporters of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud-Yisrael Beytenu listreleased an Internet ad featuring Holocaust-era imagery that implied that thenational religious party aspires to take the country’s Orthodox citizens backto “the ghetto.”

2014: Professor GalKaminka, of Bar-Ilan University’s Department of Computer Science and Gonda(Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, one of Israel’s, and theworld’s, leading contributors to intelligent robotics – the science of using artificialintelligence to make robots “smarter” – is scheduled to receive Landau Prizefor Arts and Sciences in the robotics category for his outstandingcontributions to the advancement of science today (As reported by David Shamah)

2014: Rabbi DavidEllenson completed his term as President of HUC-JOR

2014: “The Escape” and“Omar” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

2014: Former PrimeMinister Ariel Sharon's condition continues to worsen, Sheba Hospital in TelHaShomer reported today to Channel 10. (As reported by Tova Dvorin)

2014: Andrew Cohenbegan serving as a Member of the New York City Council from the 11thDistrict.

2014: A memorialservice for the 69 sailors of the INS Dakar was held at Mount Herzl today,marking 46 years since it sank into the Mediterranean. (As reported by TovaDvorin)

2014: In Switzerland,“the former municipality of Unterendingen merged into the municipality ofEndingen” which “the 18th and 19th century, was one of few villages in whichSwiss Jews were permitted to settle” as can be seen by the fact that “oldbuildings in Endingen have two doors – one for Jews and one for Christians” andthat. Endigen's synagogue and Jewish cemetery are listed as a heritage site ofnational significance.”

2015: “The IDF isscheduled to withdraw its security forces from Israeli communities near Gazathat are not adjacent to the border effective today.”

2015: Jody Geron isscheduled to join Universal Music Publish Group today Chariman/CEO, replacingZach Horowitz who has led the company for the past two years.”

2015: “Heartburn” andFoxcatcher” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

2015(10th ofTevet, 5775): Fast of the 10th Tevet

2015(10th ofTevet, 5775): Yahrzeit of Judith Sharon Levin Rosenstein, known to one and allsimply as Judy.

2015: Jerusalem MayroNir Barkat announced today that the “The JerusalemUnity Prize has been established in memory of three Israeli teens -- Gil-adShaar, Eyal Yifrach, and Naftali Fraenkel, a dual American and Israeli citizenwho were kidnapped and murdered by Palestinian terrorists last June.”

2015: “Ayala Shapira, the 11-year-old Israeli girl who wascritically wounded in a firebomb attack in the West Bank last week,awokefrom a medically induced comatoday.” (As reported by LazarBerman)

2015: “Palestiniansthrew three Molotov co*cktails at building in a Jewish neighborhood on the Mountof Olives on the first night of 2015. (As reported by Lazar Berman)

2015: Todd Kaminskybegan serving as a member of the New York State Assembly from the 20thDistrict.

2016(20th ofTevet, 5776) On the Jewish calendar, yahrzeit of Maimonides.

2016: Today, CantorSherwood Goffin officially retired as the Chazan of the Lincoln SquareSynagogue where he was giving the title of “Founding Chazan.”

2016: The copyrightthat a Swiss foundation holds to The Diary of Anne Frank was scheduledto end today until litigation was brought which may extend the copyright to2050 or beyond.

2016: During the day,we say Happy New Year and in the evening we say Shabbat Shalom.

2017(3rd ofTevet, 5777): Eighth Day of Chanukah and New Year’s Day

2017(3rd ofTevet, 5777) Seventy-seven-year-old Tel Aviv born veteran of the Golani Brigadeand University of Jerusalem and NYU trained lawyer, Yaakov Neeman, the formerMinister of Justice and Minster of Finance passed away today in Jerusalem.

2017: Russ andDaughters Kosher location at the Jewish Museum is scheduled to be open for NewYear’s.

2017: “Through theWall” is scheduled to be shown at JW3 in London.

2017: “The new state broadcastingcorporation established by a 2014 Knesset law to replace the cash strappedIsrael Broadcasting is scheduled to be launched today. (As reported by SueSurkes)

2017: “Islamicauthorities managing the Temple Mount attempted to have a veteran Israeliarchaeologist ejected from the Jerusalem flashpoint holy site today for usingthe term “Temple Mount” in a lecture to American students.”

2017: The New York Times features books byJewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including AgainstEmpathy: The Case for Rational Compassion by Paul Bloom, The GlassUniverse: How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of theStars by Dava Sobe, the recently released paperback editions of On TheRoad by Gloria Steinem and The Improbability of Life by HannahRothschild as well as a “conversation with Bernard-Henri Lévy, the author of TheGenius of Judaism and the report that one of the books that will appear inMarch is Ariel Levy’s The Rules Do Not Apply, “a memoir that builds onher powerful 2013 essay in The New Yorkerabout a miscarriage she suffered during a reporting trip to Mongolia.”

2018: Deadline foraccepting application for the 2018 Graduate Research Fellowship competitionsponsored by the US Holocaust Memorial “Museum’s Jack, Joseph and Morton MandelCenter for Advanced Holocaust Studies.”

2018(14th of Tevet, 5778): Ninety-seven-year-oldRobert Mann, “the founding first violinist of the Julliard String Quarterpassed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2018: For those planning on celebrating the New Year with acombination of Culture and Kosher Cuisine Russ & Daughters is scheduled toopen this morning at its café in the Jewish Museum.

2018: “As of today, the Simon Dubnow Institute, thenLeibniz Institute for Jewish History and Culture – Simon Dubnow (DI), will beaccepted as member of the Leibniz Association.”

2018: “In a generational changing of the guard”, 37-year-oldArthur Gregg Sulzberger is scheduled to replace his father, Arthur OchsSulzberger as the publisher of the NewYork Times today.

2019: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is scheduled toattend the inauguration of Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro today inBrasilia. (As reported by C.H. Gardiner)

2019: Thanks to the wonder of modern communication, theUniversity of Iowa is scheduled to play in the Outback Bowl under the watchfuleyes of Hebrew Hawkeyes Joel Barnum, Fred Goldstein and Bob Silber who are inthree different cities.

2019: JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “BudapestNoir” this evening in London

2019(24th of Tevet, 5779): On the Jewishcalendar, “Yahrzeit of Rabbi Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler.”

2019:In an example of a “Diminutive David” living in a world of “GreatGoliaths” This Day…In Jewish History is listed among the “Top 50 Jewish Blogs,Websites and Newsletters to Follow in 2019.” (Editor’s note – We have no ideahow this ranking is created. Obviously,we do not do this for placement on a list. But it is a hoot to be listed withthese Heavy Hebrew Hitters.)

2020: Mount CarmelCemetery which interred its first deceased Jew on December 28, 1906 isscheduled to be open for visitation today.

2020: The JerusalemTheatre is scheduled to host “It’s All Mozart” with Nofar Yacobu abd theJerusalem Symphony.

2020: This Day…InJewish History is rated #16 on the list of the “Top 50 Jewish Blogs andWebsites to Follow in 2020. (Editor’s Note – Unfortunately, Deb Levin Z”L isnot with us to see the fruits of her labor)

2021: In Cleveland,Temple Emanu El is scheduled to host a virtual Wine and Cheese Reception priorto Shabbat Services via zoom.2

2021: In Columbus,OH, starting today, “Tifereth Israel members in good standing are eligible for15% of the cost of cemetery plots.”

2021: Kerem Shalomis scheduled to present online Erev Shabbat Services with Wendy Humphreys;

2021: The Office ofCultural Affairs of the Consulate General of Israel in New York and the JCCManhattan are scheduled to host “a viewing and discussion of Dani Menkin’sdocumentary telling the story of Aulcie Perry, the American who became abasketball legend in Israel.”

2021: As of today,This Day…In Jewish History is rated #14 on the list of the Top 70 Jewish Blogsand Websites to follow. (Editor’s note – Without fear of contradiction we knowthat this site has the smallest staff of the 13 sites above it.)

2021: The JCCManhattan hosted a viewing anddiscussion of Dani Menkin’s documentary telling the story of Aulcie Perry, theAmerican who became a basketball legend in Israel which was co-hosted by theOffice of Cultural Affairs, Consulate General of Israel in New York.

2022: In Berkley, CA, Saul’s Restaurant and Delicatessenis scheduled to host an “outdoor concert with community klezmer orchestra tocelebrate New Year’s Day.”

2022(28th of Tevet, 5782): Parashat Vaera;

2022: New Year’s Day celebration is scheduled to be markedby Iowa’s appearance in the Citrus Bowl much to the delight of the three HebrewHawkeye amigos – Bob, Fred and Joel.

2022: Based on a report prepared by the IDF, “thenormalization agreements signed with a number of Arab States” hopefully willcontinue to contribute to a relatively security situation.”

2022: As of today, despite temporary shut-down brought bya derecho and surgery, This Day…In Jewish History is still on the list of the Top 70 Jewish Blogs andWebsites to follow. (Editor’s note – Without fear of contradiction we know thatthis site has the smallest staff of all of the other sites.)

2022: The New York Times included reviews of booksby Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Traces in the Dark: The Global Hunt for the Crime Lords ofCryptocurrency by Andy Greenberg and Saxophone Colossus: The Life and Music of Sonny Rollins by Aidan Levy

2023: As of today, the Illinois Holocaust Museum isscheduled to open after closing early on the last day of 2022

2024:The University of Iowa is scheduled toplay in the Cheez It Bowl which arguably may be the only Kosher game of thebowl season, since its namesake snack cracker is officially Kosher Dairy.

2024: As January,1 begins in Israel,the Hamas held hostages begin day 87 in captivity. (Editor’s note: thissituation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing asnapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time

This Day, January 1, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L – All #ourCOG News (2024)


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