This Day, July 3, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L – All #ourCOG News (2024)

July 3

324: Constantine the Great defeated Licinius atthe Battle of Adrianople. Constantine ruled the western half of the RomanEmpire. Licinius ruled the eastern half. In 313 the two rulers had issued the Edict ofMilan which opened the Roman Empire to Christianity. In 320, Licinius rejected the edict. These led to a clash of political andreligious power that was settled at the Battle of Adrianople. When the war ended, Constantine andChristianity were secure in their respective positions of power and the historyof the Jews of Europe would take a turn for the worse.

353:Emperor Constantius II issues a decree to confiscate all of the property anyonewho converts from Christianity to Judaism. Christians worked hard to convertJews, and they absolutely rejected conversion back to Judaism. Being Jewish isapparently something that one should be ashamed of. (As reported by AustinCline)

987:Hugh Capet is crowned King of France,the first of the Capetian dynasty. “The Capetian dynasty lasted for more than300 years. Capetian rule was weak, especially during the first hundred years. Thus,each duchy decided for itself how to treat its Jews. The Church gained enormousinfluence over local affairs and promoted the idea that the Jews were in leaguewith the Devil - declaring them the antichrist".

1187:As the conflict between the Crusaders and Saladin comes closer to a climax, theKing of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan leads his army on a forced march under thebroiling sun of the Galilee

1247:Pope Innocent IVissues the encyclical Lacrimabilem Judaeorum condemning blood libels againstJews.(As reported by Austin Cline)

1431:Queen Violante,the second wife of Juan I of Aragon passed away. Unlike other Catholic monarchs of hertime, Violante showed herself to be a friend of the Jews. When she found out that Christian mobs hadattacked the Jewish community of Majorca, killing at least three hundred of them,she order that “inhabitants of the islands to pay a fine of 150,000 florins(or, according to some authorities, 104,000 florins).”

1475:Meshullam Cusi Rafa ben Moses Jacob established the firstHebrew press in Italy at Piove di Sacco near Padua and printed Jacob benAsher's Arbah Turim. The same year he also printed a Slichot

1608:Quebec City was founded by French explorer Samuel Champlain. Prior to 1760, when the British took Canadafrom France, officially there were no Jews living in Quebec or any other partof the French colony. The King of Francehad decreed that only Roman Catholics could settle in the colony. This declaration was aimed at potentialProtestant colonists, but it hit Jews as well.The first known Jew settled in Quebec in 1767.

1642:Sixty-seven year old Marie de’Medici,the daughter of Francesco I de’Medici, the 2nd grand duke ofTuscany who “invited Jewish merchants to settle in Livorno, granting them freeresidence, unlimited access to trade and extensive self-government in this newMedicean free-port on the Mediterranean” and the queen consort of Henry IV of France andthe mother of King Louis XIII who “signed letters patent renewing the expulsionorder "against not only Jews but also those who profess and practiceJudaism” passed away today.

1744(5th of Av, 5504): Jacob Louzada passed awaytoday in New York City. (This appears to be a common name so dates can getconfusing.)

1749:Seventy-year-old Menahem Man ben Aryeh Löb of Visun, who had tortured wasexecuted in Vilna

1759(19thof Tammuz, 5519): Forty-eight-year-old Samuel de Lucena, the New York born sonof Abraham Haim de Lucena “became a freeman” today after which he was amerchant in Philadelphia and supporter of the American Revoltuion.

1762:Birthdate of Moses Abrahams, the New York born son of Abraham Isaac Abrahams,became a freeman today after which he became a merchant who among other thingssupplied sulphur which was as gunpowder by the Americans during the Revolution.

1767(18thof Tammuz, 5528): Tzom Tammuz observed.

1769:In London, Aaron Gomes Da Costa, the Portuguese born “son of Abran Gomes daCosta and Abigail Gomes da Costa and his wife of Miriam De Solomon Gomes DaCosta gave birth to Moses Gomes Gomes Da Costa, the “husband of Abigail GomesDa Costa and Rachel Gomes Da Costa and father of Miryam Gomes Da Costa; AaronGomes Da Costa; Isaac Gomes Da Costa; Moses Gomes Da Costa; Esther Tanqueray;Soloman Israel Da Costa and Ellen Da Costa.”

1772:Birthdate of New York native Rachel Judah, the daughter of Hillel Judah and thewife of Alma Rehine whom she married in 1800.

1778(8thof Tammuz, 5538): Fifty-three-year-old German born American “American merchantand Indian trader” Elijah Etting who in 1758 came to the United States where ayear later her married Shinah Solomon and was “naturalized in 1765 passed awaytoday in York, PA.

1785(25thof Tammuz, 5645): Ninety-year-old Lithuanian rabbi and Talmudist Aryeh LeibGunzberg (As reported by Abraham Bloch)

1799: Dutchjurist Carel Asser, the son of Moses Salomon Asser “obtained a doctor’s degree”degree following which “he devoted himself to the practice of law in Amsterdam”making him one of the first Jewis lawyers in the Batavian republic.

1800:Following Napoleon’s return to France following his failed Egyptian campaignwhich took him to Palestine where he met many un-kept promises to the localJewish population, General Menou took command of the French army in Egypt whichwould eventually surrender to the British and lead to a cessation ofhostilities between France and the Turks.

1803: TodayBavarian born Leser Lazarus Oschsenhorn married Nanette Wexler with whom he hadeight children.

1806(17thof Tammuz, 5566): Tzom Tammuz as Lewis and Clark “split their force in orderto scout more ofthe mountainous country and look for an easier pass over the Rockies.”

1814:Birthdate of Helen Moos, the wife of Abraham Einstein and the mother of HermanEinstein.

1816(7thof Tammuz, 5576): Forty-one-year-old Samuel Elias, the London born boxer knownas Dutch Sam who carried the sobriquet “The Terrible Jew” and was the father ofWelterweight Champion Young Dutch Sam passed away today.

1819: At theage of 5 years and 7 months Charles-Valentin Alkan has his solfège auditionduring which the examiners noted that he had “a pretty little voice.”

1822(14thof Tammuz, 5582): Isaac F. Cohen, the infant son of Rebecca Benjamin Sheftalland Isaac Cohen passed away today in Savannah, GA.

1822: Josephben Moses married Esther bat Mordecai at the Western Synagogue.

1822: InBavaria, Isaac Kohn and Pearl Baron gave birth to the president of the NorthAmerican Relief Society for the Indigent Jews of Palestine Hezekiah Kohn thehusband of Louise Sanger and founder and president of the Hebrew Frees Schools who was a member of the Board of Delegates ofAmerican Israelites and president and trustee of Congregation Rodeph Shalom inNYC.

1825(17thof Tammuz, 5585): Tzom Tammuz observed on the same day that former PresidentJames Monroe wrote to future President Andrew Jackson

1830: InNatzungen, Prussia. Jacob and Betty Spiegelberg gave to Levi Spiegelberg, thehusband of Bertha Spiegelberg who moved to New York where he passed away in1905 at the age of 74.

1832: MortimerSalmon the son of John Salmon and Catherine Polack was circumcised today inLondon.

1832(5thof Tammuz, 5592): Forty-eight-year-old Uriah Lyons, the son of Hannah Levy andEleazer Lyons who had been married in Harrisburg, PA two days after the end ofPassover, and husband of Surinam native Mary Ann Alexander with whom he hadthree children passed away today.

1833: A dayafter he had passed away, 67-year-old Godfrey Harris was buried today at theBrady Street Jewish Cemetery.

1835:Birthdate of Daniel Spitzer, the native of Vienna who gained fame as a lawyer,author and journalist.

1837: InErmreuth, German, Loeb and Bunte Babett Munker gave birth to Miriam MarianneRothschild, the wife of Baruch Rothschild

1844:Birthdate of Joseph Chayyim Mendes Chumaceiro who studied “under his father atCuraçao” before serving as the rabbi in a series of congregations including“from 1867 to 1874 Beth-El congregation, Charleston, South Carolina; from 1874to 1880, of Nefashot Yebudah, New Orleans, Louisiana; from 1884 to 1887, ofBeth-El Emeth, Philadelphia; from 1889 to 1891, of Mikwe, Yisrael, Curaçao; andfrom 1892 to 1898, of Children of Israel, Augusta, Georgia;

1844: InStadtlengsfeld, Germany, Rabbi Liebman Adler and his wife gave to DankmarAdler, American architect and engineer. Adler’sname is first name is acombination of the German word for thanks –‘dank’- and the Hebrew word forbitter – ‘mar’. Adler’s father created the name since Adler’s mother died inchildbirth. The Adler family moved to Chicago where young Adler learned histrade as a draftsman. He enlisted in the Union Army during the Civil Warfighting his way across Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia. After the war, Adlerdesigned or helped build a variety of buildings including The Stock Exchange inChicago and Carnegie Hall in New York. He also built Temples and Synagogues inChicago. Frank Lloyd Wright, one of America’s most famous architects trained inAdler’s offices. Adler passed away in 1900 after having just completed TempleIsaiah in Chicago

1849: TheFrench entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. After his returnto power Pius re-instituted the Ghetto for the Jews of Rome 1850. In 1858, he would gain greater fame (orinfamy) during the Mortara Affair during which Pius refused to return youngEdgardo to his Jewish family.

1850 In NewOrleans, Henry and Mary Levy Florancegave birth to San Francisco resident Alfred Florance.

1851:Birthdate of Isaac de Camondo, the French banker who had been born inConstantinople and whose “noteworthy” art collection was bequeathed to theLouve

1852:Birthdate of Hungarian pianist and composer Rafael Joseffy

1855(17thof Tammuz, 5615): Tzom Tammuz

1855: “Jewing the Jews”published today reported that “Lord John Russell who is notorious for greatpromises and abundant non-performance” has backed out on his promise to removethe legal obstructions preventing Jews from serving in Parliament. The article goes on to trace Lord Russell’shistory of involvement in the issued beginning in 1847 when he needed thefinancial support of the Rothschilds to win the election. While the Rothschilds provided the funds needby Lord Russell, Lord Russell, for some mysterious reason, avoided the easyroute that would have it possible for Rothschild to take his seat in theCommons and opted instead for a broader reform that was sure to fail because itneeded the support of the House of Lords.It would seem that Lord Russell really never wanted a Jew to sit inParliament.

1857: It was reported today that a Jewishboy named Isaac Jackson was robbed and murdered in Russell, MA by a man namedCharles Jones from Blanford. Jones hadrecently been released from prison and had been arrested for this latestcriminal act.

1860:Birthdate of Théodore Reinach “a French archaeologist, mathematician, lawyer,papyrologist, philologist, epigrapher, historian, numismatist, musicologist,professor, and politician.”

1863: In NewYork City Sophie and Abram J. Dittenhoefer gave birth to Irving MeadeDittenhoefer. Dittenhoefer was thegrandson of Isaac Dittenhoefer a native of Germany who came to the UnitedStates in 1834 settling first in Baltimore and then Charleston, SC where hebecame a successful merchant. Irvingfollowed his father into the legal arena graduating from Columbia Law School in1885. He and his wife Fannie have oneson, Newman Erb Dittenhoefer.

1863: In NewYork City, Solomon and Emma Blogg Unger gave birth to Municipal Court JudgeHenry W. Unger, “one of the thirteen sachems of Tammany Hall and the husband ofIsabella Peyser Unger with whom he had two sons Albert and Herbert.

1863:Birthdate of Samuel Bernard, the London born, New York educated son of BenjaminBernard, who went on to pursue a career as a stage manager and comedian. (othersources show his dob as June 5)

1863: Unionforces decisively defeated the Rebels on the third and climactic day of theBattle of Gettysburg. The war would lastfor almost two years, but the tide had been turned. The “last best hope of man” would survive.The United States, with all of its freedom, would become home to one of thelargest and most dynamic Jewish communities in the four thousand year historyof the Chosen People. Edward S. Salomon,a German-Jewish immigrant who had settled in Chicago, “became a hero during theBattle of Gettysburg.” Lt. ColonelSalmon had two horses shot out from under him and assumed command of hisregiment when the commanding officer was wounded. The regiment was the 82nd Illinois which hadover a hundred Jewish members in its ranks. Major General Carl Schurz, hiscorps commander, described him during the battle: "He was the only soldierat Gettysburg who did not dodge when Lee's guns thundered; he stood up, smokedhis cigar and faced the cannon balls with the sang froid of a Saladin ...”Apparently the irony of comparing this brave Jewish officer to a Moslemmilitary hero was lost on Schurz. Suchwas Salomon’s skill and bravery that he would be promoted to the rank ofBrigadier General before the end of the war when the Confederate and Unionarmies collided and battled at the Battle of Gettysburg July 1–3, 1863. Hisability to lead men was quickly recognized and he rapidly rose through theranks. Salomon received a brevet promotion to brigadier general in March 1865.After the Battle of Atlanta, Colonel John Cleveland Robinson recognized thefeats of Colonel Salomon when he wrote: "I consider Colonel Salomon one ofthe most deserving officers. His regiment is deserving of high praise. In apoint of discipline it is second to none in the corps. Among other Jewish soldiers who fought atthis climactic battle were Elias Leon Hyneman who had volunteered to serve inCompany C, Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry at the start of the conflict; CaptainJoseph B. Greenhut who had enlisted in the 12rh Illinois Infantry at the startof the war and served with the 82nd Illinois Infantry at Gettysburg.

1863: The 59thNew York which had been organized by Philip J. Joachimsen was one of theregiments that held the line on Cemetery Ridge against Pickett’s charge.

1863: As theBattle of Gettysburg came to a close, Major Rafael Jacob Moses of Columbus, GA,shared the battlefield with his friend, Robert E. Lee

1863: TheTullahoma or Middle Tennessee Campaign a military action in which Confederateforces were defeated by Union Forces that included 79th Indianaunder the command of Frederick Knefler came to an end.

1863: In“Plymouth, Devon,” Nathaniel Hart and Dinah Nathan gave birth to Benjamin Hart.

1863(16thof Tammuz, 5623): Among the dead at Gettysburg was Philadelphian Simon Arnoldwho had been serving since 1862 with Company G of the 140thRegiment, reminding us that preservation of the United States of America fromthose who wanted to destroy her was paid for in human blood.

1866: Prussiadefeats Austria at the Battle of Königgratz. The victory seals the victory ofthe Prussians over the Austrians during Austro-Prussian War which lasted asscant six weeks. This little-knownbattle is one of the most decisive in modern history because of all the majorevents that flowed from it. The victoryremoved Austria as a power among Germanic states. This opened the way for German unificationunder Prussian dominance which lead to the Franco-Prussian War, which led toWorld War I which led to the Shoah. Thedefeat of Austria led the Austrians to turn to the rest of the empire and create the Austro-Hungarian Empire whichgave empowered the Hungarian nationalist which led to granting of full rightsto the Jews of the empire who gave the world everybody from Freud to Herzl anda whole lot more. And this onlyscratches the surface of the impact of this one brief battle.

1867: In Bar,near Kamenetz Podolsk (modern Ukraine) Rabbi Judah Samuel Baronedess and hiswife gave birth to New York political and labor leader Joseph Barondess.

1867: Fifty-four-year-oldLazarus Powell the Senator from Kentucky who was anti-Lincoln, pro-slavery andwho feigned indignation over General Order No. 11 as a way of attacking thePresident and General Grant passed away today.

1868: AnselmAscher Luchs, the German born “son of Seligmann Pinchas Luchs and Judith MarxLuchs and his wife Klara Luchs gave birth to Sigmund Luch, the “husband ofAmalie Luchs and father of Arthur Luchs; Siegfried Luchs; Alfred Luchs; HertaLeven and Ida Firnbacher

1869: InGermany (Prussia), all restrictions against Jews were lifted. After the war of1866 Prussia increased its territory to include Hanover, Hesse-Kassel Saxony,and other territory that became part of the North German Confederation. Underthe initiative of the Liberal party, full rights were extended to Jewsincluding serving in public positions. By April 16, 1871, it became ImperialLaw and was extended to the entire empire. Although later reaction revoked mostof this freedom, the discrimination never returned to the level existing in the"Middle Ages" - until the rise of Hitler.

1869: Foundingof the Union of Judæo-German Congregations" during a synod that was heldat Leipzig.

1870: Membersof Beth Jacob consecrated their house of worship in Brooklyn thisafternoon. After a procession from thelocal Masonic Hall to the new edifice, Rabbi Samuel M. Issacs addressed thecongregation, speaking proudly of the advances that had been made recently inreligious thought and strongly endorsing reforms that were being adopted bymany congregations. He also addressed the wonderful climate of freedom thatJews enjoyed in the United States. RabbiAdolph Huebsch of Brooklyn also addressed the crowd after which a total of$1,000 was contributed by the attendees.The new building had cost $8,000 and was fully paid for without thisadditional sum.1872: An English version of La Grande-duch*esse de Gérolstein aJacques Offenbach operetta, opened at the Union Square Theatre in New YorkCity.

1874: InChicago, “Henry and Rose (Swart) Sincere gave birth to banker and brokerCharles Sincere, the husband of “Mayme W Wershinksi” and member of the IllinoisNational Guard who was a member of the International Order of B’nai B’rith andthe North Shore Congregation.

1874: Startingwith this issue The Israelite, anEnglish language weekly founded by Rabbi Isaac Meyer Wise was renamed The American Israelite

1874: Amongthose who were arriving at Saratoga Springs at the beginning of the SummerSocial Season were “Mrs. Joseph Seligman wife of the wealthy banker” and hertwo daughters, Miss Bella Seligamn and “Mrs. Hellman whose husband is aDirector of the Bank of New Orleans.”

1875: TheForeign Notes column reported that “a new invention by Sir David Salomons forpreventing railway accidents by an improved system of signaling” has beenexhibited to “a large number of engineers and inventors” in London. The invention “consists of an insulated raillaid beneath the four way, by means of which station-masts can telegraph to atrain while in motion.” Also this makesit possible for people on one train to communicate with people on anothertrain. Salomons is best known for his several attempts to assume politicaloffice to which he had been elected with taking the oath that called for anaffirmation of Christian beliefs.

1875: TheForeign Notes column reported that the Russian government is going back to itspast practice of persecuting Jews. ManyJews have moved their homes and businesses to take advantage of newopportunities created by the developing railroad system. Authorities are now enforcing an old law andforcing the Jews to return to their former homes, leaving behind their newbusinesses and homes.

1877: Two Jewsnamed David Milstein and Isaac Goldstein were tried today in New York and foundguilty of first-degree burglary. Theyhad broken into the home of a butcher named Meyer Freeman, robbing him of moneyand jewelry. They were sentenced to 12years in the state prison. Milstein hasspent 21 of his 28 years in prison while Goldstein has served one term in thestate penitentiary.

1877: InEarlville, Illinois, Morris Levy and Isabelle Baker gave birth to Martha Levythe future wife Maurice Steinfeld the son of Jacob Steinfeld and CarolineStern.

1878: ErikWeisz, who would gain fame as Houdini, arrived today in the United States “on the SS Fresia with his mother(who was pregnant) and his four brothers” after which the family changed theirname to the German spelling Weiss, and settled in Appleton, Wisconsin “wherehis father served as Rabbi of the Zion Reform Jewish Congregation.”

1879: InLondon, a formal announcement was made that the three sons of the recentlydeceased Baron Lionel de Rothschild will carry on their father’s businessactivities.

1880: InPittsburgh, PA, Hannah Meyers and Rabbi Louis H. Broudy gave birth to AugustCharles Broudy the husband of Jennie Barckley McKain.

1881:Birthdate of Dov Ber Borochov, the son of Russian school teachers who in hisbrief life left his imprint on “the study of Yiddish” and the Labor Zionistmovement.

1882: Asboatloads of Italian and Russian Jewish workers who had replaced the strikingfreight handlers returned from New Jersey, they were set upon and beaten bygangs of local thugs. The strikersclaimed that they were not involved and that this was merely the work of youngtoughs.

1882: ARussian Jew employed on the Pennsylvania pier, No.1 North River tore a piece ofhis scalp that was two inches in diameter from his forehead when a heavy balethat he was putting on a truck broke free and hit an obstruction. The RussianJews was one of the strikebreakers who were plentiful in number but inept atdoing the work.

1883: InPrague, “Hermann Kafka the fourth child of Jakob Kafka, a shochet or ritualslaughterer in Osek, a Czech village with a large Jewish population locatednear Strakonice in southern Bohemia” NS and his wife “Julie, the daughter ofJakob Löwy, a prosperous retail merchant in Poděbrady” gave birth to authorFranz Kafka. The famous Czech born author gained his real fame after his death.After many false starts Kafka earned a Doctorate of Laws and then took amind-numbing job with an insurance company. Ill health finally enabled him towork shorter hours, which gave him time to pursue his writings. Three of hisbest known works are the Trial, The Castle and America. Kafka became famous inspite of himself. He had left word that at the time of his death all of hismanuscripts were to be destroyed. Fortunately his friend Max Brod disobeyed himand had the works published. Kafka had planned to immigrate to Palestine beforehis untimely death in 1924 hastened by the effects of tuberculosis. On beingJewish Kafka wrote, "Not one calm second is granted to the Western Jew.Everything has to be earned, not only the present and the future but also thepast…",

1884: The attorney for GustaveJean Jacquet defended the painter from charges by Alexandre Dumas fils that hehad defamed him by caricaturing the French author and dramatist as Baghdad Jewby arguing that the author’s features were public property. In making his argument he cited the precedentof Horace Vernet “who depicted a well-known Jew running away with the cashbox.”Dumas was the illegitimate son of the more famous author of the same name. He was also the maternal grandfather ofAlexander Lippman the French Olympic fencer whose father was Jewish.

1885: InPalestine, Ezekiel and Tamar Melamed gave birth to NYU grad and JTS ordainedrabbi, Raphael Hai Melamed, the holder of a Ph.D. from Dropsie College andhusband Deborah Marcus who severedseveral congregations including the Spanish and Portuguese Congregation inMontreal before becomes the leader B’nai Israel Congregation in Elizabeth, NJ.

1885: InChicago, Joel Leon Goldsmith, the New York born son of Charlotte and LeonEmanuel Goldsmith and his wife Cecilia Goldsmith gave birth to Max AlexanderGoldsmith, the “husband of Joan Platner.

1885: “SendingBack French Paupers” published today described the situation of indigent Jewishimmigrants who had been sent to the United States by the Hebrew Aid Society of Paris lastseason and been returned to their place of origin because of their lack offunds and financial sponsors.

1886(30thof Sivan, 5646): Parashat Chukat; Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1886:Birthdate of Jerusalem native Israel Porath, the husband of Miriam Titktin withwhom he “had 7 children - Shoshana, Samuel, Tzve, Benjamin, Ben Zion, Joseph,and David – and “for almost five decades,” “the ‘dean’ of Cleveland, Ohio’sOrthodox rabbis.”

1887: “TheGoethe-Zelter Letters” published today provides a detailed review of Goethe’sLetters to Zelter With Extracts From Those Of Zelter To Goethe, selected,translated and annotated by A.D. Coleridge. The book includes a description ofthe strange relationship between Carl Zeller, who did not like Jews, and hisfavorite pupil Felix Mendeslohn, whose family was Jewish.

1887: In St.Louis, MO, Nicholas Scharff and Carrie Bernheimer gave birth to their sixthchild, Aurelia S. Scharff.

1888: The Sanitariumfor Hebrew Children conducted the first of its ten summer excursions for poorJewish children and their mothers.

1888: Fourdays after she had passed away, Sarah Salomons, (nee Hurwitz), the native ofHighgate, London and daughter of Hyman Hurwitz and Hester Levy was buried todayat the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1889:“Dramatic poet and writer” Josef von Weilen passed away today.,_Josef&prev=search

1889: InChicago, Adolph Ungar, the Bonn, Germany born son of Loeb Leopold Ungar andAdelheid Edel Ungar and his wife Henrietta Ungar gave birth to Frederick Unger,a brother of the banker and investor Arthur Arnold Ungar who was a trustee ofthe University of Miami.

1889: InBrooklyn, Dr. Henry M. Leipzieger of the Hebrew Technical School presented apaper entitled “Manual Training in Relation to Public School Work” at a meetingof the New York State Teacher’s Association.

1890: Thestriking cloakmakers and tailors, most of whom are Polish and Russian Jews,resorted to violence after have peacefully endured the lockout for severalweeks. Groups of strikers attacked scabs working at the Mercantile CloakCompany and Meyer Jonason & Co.

1890: Idahojoins the Union becoming the 43rd star on the Star SpangledBanner. Despite a comparatively smallJewish population, Idaho was the first state to elect a Jew as Governor. On hissecond try for the top spot Moses Alexander was elected in 1914. He served from 1915 until 1919. AGerman immigrant, Alexander had previously been elected Mayor of Boise.Alexander was not casual about his Jewish identity. His wife was a Jew by choice, havingconverted when she married Alexander.

1891:Reportspublished today describing the recent death ofPrince Vladimir Andreyevich Dolgorukov, governor-general (mayor) ofMoscow included a description of the positive relationship he enjoyed with theJews of that city which ran contrary to the policy of the Czar. The Czarfinally became so upset with him over this that he replaced him with the GrandDuke Sergius and forced him into virtual exile.

1892: InKensington, London Samuel Octavius Lazarus and Mary Sara Jane Hallenstein gavebirth to Kenneth Michaelis Lazarus, the husband of Mary Rebecca Lazarus and thefather of Sir Peter Esmond Lazarus, K.C.B.; Norman Arthur Lazarus and MargaretHilda Rigal who “was alsoa Vice-Chairman of the Jewish Blind Society, a Treasurer of the Jewish Lads'Brigade and a Trustee of the Jewish Orphanage, Norwood, who served on thecommittee of the Association for Jewish Youth.”

1893: In NewYork, “the Baron Hirsch Fund Schools held their ‘English Day’ exercise todayduring which the students’ songs and recitation showed their “undyingallegiance to the flag of their adopted country.”

1893: “Growthof the Feeling Against the Jews in Germany” published today that by havingelected sixteen members to the Reichstag, the anti-Semites have exceeded by onethe number need to claim the privileges of a Party including the right tointroduce legislation. Herman Ahlwardt,who has just been released from prison and is the group’s leader, plans onintroducing “special taxes on Jew bankers and traders. “Anti-Semitism inGermany has ceased to be a sporadic local phenomenon.” In 1887 one anti-Semitewas elected to Reichstag; in 1890, it was five; and now it is 16 who “havealmost 500,000 voters behind them. Nor do these figures tell all” since “theConservative Party…pledged by its platform…to any decent and practicablemeasures against the Jews.” (Editor’sNote – I realize this is a long entry but it challenges the notion thatanti-Semitism in Germany was the product of the Versailles Treaty, the GreatDepression or intimidation by a handful of brown-shirted thugs.)

1893: Today’sLondon Times is scheduled to publisha “startling photographic glimpse of what Russia is really like” which had beenprepared by Sir Julian Goldsmid.

1894: Dr.Adolph Radin, Isidor D. Morrison and Julius Harburger addressed those attendingtonight’s exercise hosted tonight by the Russian American Hebrew Association inhonor of the Fourth of July. The program also included music and a benedictionby Rabbi Moses of Port Gibson.

1894: RabbiLevy of New Haven, CT officiated at the wedding of Sadie Bentschner to IsadoreIsrael at the home of the bride’s parents in Charleston, SC.

1895: MariaMoses, the daughter of Emanuel and Ann Moses, was buried today at the BallsPond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1895: The willof the late Lewis S. Levy was filed for probate in the Surrogate’s officetoday.

1896:”Gathered About Town” published today provided further indication of the largenumber of foreign born Jews living in New York.Notices posted in the main corridor of the General Post Office areprinted in Hebrew letters providing “instruction for the many Russian PolishJews who have business with the postal authorities.” Similar notices have beenprinted in German and Italian for years.

1896: The bodyof the man found floating in New York’s Clyde River on June 25 has beenidentified as 25-year-old Simon Mischel, a member of well-to-do family livingon Delancey Street. Apparently he wasshoved into the water after having been robbed an strangled by a gang ofrobbers who have been operating in the area.

1896: InVienna, the Diet took up the question of extending the franchise. An amendment, which seems to have greatsupport, was proposed that would exclude Jews and Converts from exercising thefranchise.

1896:According to a report to be published in today’s Daily News, the attacks on the Jews at Mizalbisch were orchestratedby a Russian officer who was seeking “revenge against a Jewish” tavern keeperwho had rescued a peasant whom the officer “was thrashing.”

1896: InRussia, Local administrators arbitrarily reclassified certain “townlets” as“villages” which caused havoc for Jewish merchants due to the restrictivenature of the May Laws.

1896: “Deathof Jules S. Abecasis” published today described the fatal collision between the“well known rubber broker” and active member of the Jewish community who wasriding his bicycle when it was struck by an express wagon.

1896: Twenty-two-year-oldMary Colar was fined five dollars on a charge of disorderly conduct based onthe claim of 2 police officers “that she had made improper proposals to them”- a claim that she denied and whichappeared questionable since the officers “can speak no Hebrew and she can speakno English.”

1897: Asummary of the acquisitions made by the New York Public Library during Maypublished today show that of the institution had acquired, by various means,1,600 books and pamphlets written in Hebrew and 360 works in Yiddish. Inadditions to the Bible and Commentaries, Talmud, Midrash, Cabala and JewishHistory books, the library now owns “165 photographs of prominent Jews.”

1897:According to figures released yesterday when his will was filed for probatedMayer Lehman “left an estate valued at $450,000 in real and $500,000 inpersonal property. In addition tobequeathing thousands of dollars to a variety of Jewish and Gentile charities,Lehman left $20,000 for the executors to use as they see fit to assist familymembers and “for such employees of Lehman Brothers as may be in need of aid.

1897: “JewishPupils Celebrate” published today described the exercises at the Baron deHirsch English Day School in which children of Jewish immigrants demonstratedtheir patriotism and fluency in English as they prepare to observe IndependenceDay.

1897:“Americans in Babylonia” published today provided a review of Nippur orExplorations and Adventures by Dr. John Punnett Peters in which the authordescribes the Jewish community that originated during the period of “Captivity”which created to great centers – Sura near Babylonia and Nehardea or Neardawhich is not far from Anabar. The latterwas a prominent Jewish center, he says for 800 years until it was replaced byBaghdad.

1898: “JewishChautauqua Society” published today described plans for the Second Assembly ofthe society which will be held at Atlantic City later this month withheadquarters at Congregation Beth Israel on Pennsylvania Avenue.

1899:Birthdate of Atlanta native and Peabody College graduate Hattye Raphael Bubis,the wife of David Stcklar Bubo and mother of WW II Naval veteran and Dallasmarketing executive Ralph Bubis who was a member of the National Council ofJewish Women.

1899:Birthdate of German native and “British neurologist, Ludwig Guttman, thefounder of the Paralymics.

1900: It wasreported today that while being interviewed by The Herald, Oscar Straus,the American Minister to Turkey gave “a forcible statement on the impossibilityof partitioning China.

1901: Today’ssessions of the Central Conference of American Rabbis meeting in Philadelphia“were devoted principally to routine business” which included the treasurerreport by Charles S. Levi and a report “on Summer schools non-affiliated withcongregations.”

1902: InArgentina, Gedaliah Bublick and Elka Bublick gave birth to Regina Silver, the “wifeof Edward Sholom Moses Silver and mother of David Bublick Silver; Sarah Feigel.”

1902:Birthdate anthropologist Melville Jacobs a long-time member of the faculty ofthe University of Washington and the husband of fellow anthropologist ElizabethJacobs.

1903: InDusseldorf, Gustav Cohn, the German born son of “Levi and Eva Regina Cohn” andhis wife Paul Cohen gave birth to Leo Ernst Cohen.

1903: Today,as the meeting of the Central Conference of American Rabbis in Detroit, amotion made by Dr. J.M. Margolis that a committee be appointed to draw up areform creed” which will be submitted to the organization at their meeting in1905 is scheduled to be discussed today.

1903: Pogrombegan in Bialystok.

1904(20th ofTammuz, 5664): Theodor Herzl passed away at the age of 44. One person can makea difference. “If you will it, it is nodream!”

1904: InManhattan Mollie (Isaacs) Lefkowitz and Samuel Lefkowitz gave birth to Louis J.Lefkowitz the Republican lawyer who served the state’s Attorney General for 22years.

1904(20thof Tammuz, 5664): Sixty-four-year-old Charles Wessolowsky, the husband ofJohanna Wessolowsky passed away today.

1905: Today,“while the general situation in Odessa has improved “those best knowing theconditions in the city are of the opinion that the graves danger now lies in apossible anti-Jewish rising” because the Jews who number about 175,000 are“deeply hated for a variety of reasons.

1906: As theseventh annual convention of the Federation of Zionists in Canada continues tomeet in Toronto could take satisfaction in yesterday’s announcement byPresident De Sola of Montreal “that the Sultan of Turkey had revoked the lawsforbidding Jews to settle in Palestine” which meant
that it was no possible for Jews to inhabit the country and enjoy theprotection of its laws.

1907: RabbiJoseph Stotlz delivered the “President’s Message” at the annual convention ofthe Central Conference of American Rabbis.

1907: Thisevening, at the convention of the Central Conference of American Rabbi MaxHeller led the Round Table on the “Compatibility of Zionism and Reform Judaism”and Rabbi William S. Friedman led the Round Table on “The Rabbi and PublicActivities.”

1907:Birthdate of Felix Solomon Cohen, the New Deal lawyer who re-shaped the legalstatus of Native Americans.

1908: On theWestern calendar, seventy-six-year-old Count Nikolay Pavlovich Ignatyev, theprime mover behind the anti-Semitic May Laws passed away today.

1909(14thof Tammuz, 5669): Parashat Balak was chanted on the same day that “Federalcharges were filed against the manufacturers of Koca Nola, the third mostpopular cola after co*ke and Pepsi, after a one-gallon jug of the syrup wasfound to include cocaine.”

1909: InDresden, Germany, Eva Wollheim Sten and Dr. Leopold Stein, the “rabbi of theDresden Conservative community” gave birth to University of Leipzig trained attorneyand “street photographer” Fred Stein, the husband of Liselotte Salzburg withwhom he had two children – Peter and Ruth – who was saved from the Nazis byVarian Frey and the Emergency Committee and pursued his artistry with a Leicain New York City.

1910: Dr.Harry Friedenwald of Baltimore, the out-going President was among those whoaddress the three hundred delegation of the American Federation of Zionists whowere attending the organizations 13th annual convention inPittsburgh.

1911: “ZionistDiscuss Plans” published today described “a plan to buy one hundred thousandacres of land annually in Palestine in order to established colonies of Jews”which presented at the fourteenth annual convention of the Federation ofAmerican Zionist” meeting at Tannersville, NY>

1912(18thof Tammuz, 5672): Seventy year old Abraham Boehm, the German born son of Saraand Hirsch Bohm passed away today in Mt. Vernon, NY.

1912: Harvard trained surgeon and Harvard MedicalSchool instructor Albert Ehrenfried, the Lewiston, ME born son of George andRachel Ehremfroed who was instructor for army surgeons during WW I and thechairman of the health committee of the Federation of Jewish Charities ofBoston married Grace Waterman today in Bangor, ME.

1913: Thefactional trouble that had been predicted broke out today on the second day ofthe 24th annual convention of the Central Conference of AmericanRabbis which split over several matters including “publication of a specialprayer book for Sunday services” for “those congregations that must have aSunday service” and which found a tearful Rabbi Isaac S. Moses of New York, oneof the oldest members of the conference asking “that either new methods beadopted by the Conference or that his name be stricken from the membershiproll” since he objected to the “defaming of rabbis anywhere.

1913: Twoafter she had passed away at the Home for Aged Jews in Chicago, 78 year oldNanette Flesch, the aunt of “Walter J, Eugene, Edwin and Rose Flesch wasscheduled to be buried at Rosehill today.

1913(28th ofSivan, 5673): Printer Solomon Geisenberg passed away today in Memphis, TN.

1913: InManhattan, Rene and Samuel Hoffman gave birth to art collection Janice H.Levin, the widow of attorney and real estate developer Philip J. Levin (Asreported by Enid Nemy)

1914: As the“winds of world war” begin to blow across Europe, today” a state funeral washeld for Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Vienna, with Emperor FranzJoseph I of Austria and other members of the imperial family in attendance.”

1914(5thof Tevet, 5674): Parashat Vayigash

1914: Today Universityof Maine Law School graduate and Republican Party leader Edward I. Gleszer, theHartford, CT born son of Rebecca Taiz and Samuel Gleszer married Ada M. Cohenafter which he went on to become a Bangor Municipal Court Judge and she went tobecome “the first Jewess” to serve a member of a local school board in Mainewhen in 1930 she was elected to the School Board in Bangor, ME.

1914:Rabbi David Lefkowitz of Dayton, OH, led Sabbath morning services at the “25thanniversary conference of the Central Conference of American Rabbis” being held“at Temple Beth El in Detroit, Michigan.”

1915: FrankFlint, the former U.S. Senator from California who supported efforts have GeorgiaGovernor Slaton commute of Leo Frank’s sentence was quoted as saying “We wantto honor Slaton for the manly thing he did in giving Frank the benefit of thedoubt and saving his life.”

1916: InPhiladelphia, Zionists continued their convention for a third day.

1916(2ndof Tammuz, 5676): Twenty-two-year-old Lance Corporal Hyman Baum the son of Leahand Nathan Baum died today while serving with the “1st Battalion,Border Regiment” after which he was buried at Louvencourt Military Cemetery.

1917(13th ofTammuz, 5677): Twenty-six-year-oldLieutenant Benjamin Cohen of South Africa became a casualty of war today.

1917: InAsbury Park, NJ, delegates at the Ninth Annual Convention of Young Judaea werescheduled to attend a business session this morning.

1917: “Becauseof various conflicting reports, Ira Nelson Morris, the American Minister hasrequested the Swedish Foreign Office to use its best efforts to ascertain thetruth about the condition of the Jews in Palestine.”

1917: It wasreported to that “the Jewish Teachers’ Congress, which is now meeting inPetrograd, has appointed a committee to see the Minister of Education in orderto obtain the abolition of certain restrictions which still attach to theeducation of Jewish children.”

1917:Ex-Ambassador Abram I. Elkus who is traveling aboard a French steamer, did notarrive in New York City as originally planned.

1918:According to reports received today by the Jewish Corresponded Bureau inAmsterdam, “anti-Semitic outbreaks have occurred in Jaroslau and other Galiciantowns” where it is said “Jewish residents have been made the victims ofexcesses and their shops have been plundered” while the authorities refused “tointerfere” with the attacks.

1918: In theSouth Bronx, clothing store owner Henry Adelson and seamstress Rose (Zagor)Adelson, gave birth Yale trained attorney Shirley Adelson, the wife offilmmaker Elwood Seigel who gained fameas leading civil rights attorney Shirley Siegel who had personal experiencewith discrimination when no law firm would hire because she was Jewish and afemale

1918: SultanMehmed V of the Ottoman Empire passed away at the age of 73. He had been the titular head of the empirethat sided with the Central Powers during World War I. Among the Jews who died fighting under theSultan’s banner were Major Isaac Adjubel, Captain Albert Cohen, Captin IzidorShalom, Captain Zavarro, Captain Albert Menashe, Captain Pepo Akshiote, CaptainSiyaves, Captain Albagli, Captain Asa, Captain David Feder and CaptainPharmacist Behor Alfandar.

1919: Today, enemysubjects residing in Nagasaki including Austrian born Sigmund Lessner “amerchant and leader of the Jewish community in Nagasaki” were ordered to reportto the Prefectural government offices and directed to submit an inventory oftheir possessions.

1919:Birthdate of Orange Free State native Colin Legume, the journalist andant-Apartheid activist.

1920(17thof Tammuz, 5680)

1920: InManhattan, attorney Selig Seligman and his wife, concert pianist Selma Edelman,gave birth to Columbia University trained journalist and WW II U.S. Armyveteran Daniel Joseph Edelman, the founder of Edelman, one of the world’slargest P.R. firms and the husband ofRuth Ann Rozumoff with whom he raised Richard Edelman who took over as head ofthe firm in 1985.

1920: ColumbiaUniversity College of Dental and Oral Surgery trained orthodontist SamuelAbraham, the Budapest born son of Fannie Gottesman and Jehuda Abraham andauthor of “Conservative Treatment of Pulpless Teeth” who was a member of bothOhab Zedek and Temple Israel in Long Branch married Stella Lillia Kronovettoday.

1920: “TheLove of a Thief” featuring Julius Falknstein in the role of “Piselli” wasreleased today in Germany.

1921: Solomon Lozovsky endedhis service as Chairman of the International Trade Union Council and beganserving as General Secretary of the Red International of Labor Unions.

1921:Birthdate of Levi Yitzchak Horowitz, the second Rebbe of the Boston Hasidicdynasty founded by his father, Rabbi Pinchas Horowitz.

1922: Harvard's reputedattitude toward Jews was criticized today by Rabbi Louis L. Mann of New Haven,a lecturer at Yale, in a report on "The Relation of Judaism toDemocracy," which was presented at a meeting of the National Council ofEducation.

1923: InParis, Béatrice de Camondo and Léon Reinach the son of Théodore Reinach gavebirth to their second child, Bertrand.He would die a t Auschwitz in 1944.

1923: MayerDizengoff, the Mayor of Tel Aviv, sails from New York City aboard theAquitania.

1924: InSyracuse, NY, Bessie and Harry Israel gave birth to Marvin Israel “a painterand editorial art director and a teacher of graphics and photography.”

1924:Birthdate of Jiri Drillich who, in 1942, was transported from Prague to Ujazdowwhere she was murdered.

1924: In theBronx, “Hyman Bassen, a writer and labor activist, and Ida (Orland) Bassen”gave birth to Nancy Bassen who gained fame as Nancy B. Reich, the author ofClara Schumann: The Artist and the Woman.(As reported by Corinna de Fonseca-Wollheim)

1924: Ted"Kid" Lewis (born Gershon Mendeloff) “won his last two titles, theBritish and European Welterweight crowns, today — again at London's RoyalAlbert Hall — by defeating Johnny Brown.

1925: In theBronx, birthdate of Bernard Schwartz who gained fame as Tony Curtis and who wassometimes referred to as "apoor man's CaryGrant."One of hisbiggest hits came when he playedopposite Grant in thefilm "The Pink Submarine." Otherfamous roles were in"Some Like It Hot"with costars JackLemmon and that famous Jewess, Marilyn Monroe and as the wisecracking New Yorkborn orderly in "Dr. Newman, M.D."

1925: InBaltimore, MD, Gerson and Dorah (Steinbach) Grollman gave birth to HUC trainedrabbi Earl Alan Grollman a prolificwriter on grief who became widely known for ministering to those mourning thedeath of loved ones in the 9/11 attacks, the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing andother times of loss…” (As reported by Annabelle Williams)

1926(21stof Tammuz, 5686): Parashat Pinchas

1926(21stof Tammuz, 5686): Sir Adolph Tuck, 1st Baronet more commonly known as AdolphTuck, a British fine art publisher and chairman of Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltdwho was the Prussian born son of Raphael Tuck and husband of Jeanetta Flatauwith whom he had five children, the elest of whom was Major Reginald Tuckpassed away today.

1926:Birthdate of Meyer Kupferman, the New York born clarinet player and composer.,+Meyer

1926: InProvidence, RI, Samuel Goldberg and the former Elsie Hamburger gave birth toElsie Marie Goldberg who gained fame as Elena Doria, “the longtime director ofthe Metropolitan Opera’s children’s chorus. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1927: It wasannounced today that “the Jewish community in Baltimore pledged itself to raiseone hundred thousand dollars to go to the five million campaign being waged toraised fund for the creation of “Yeshiva College for American Jewry” whosebuilding will be “erected at Amsterdam Avenue and 186th Street.

1928: MichaelMindlin, the President of Mindreyer Productions said today “he had a sent arepresentative to Albany to see James Wingate, Director of the State Board ofCensors concerning the banned film ‘The City Without Jews’”. a 1924 AustrianExpressionist film by Hans Karl Breslauer, based on the novel of the same titleby Hugo Bettauer.

1929: At theopening meeting of the Assembly of the Elected, “the national body which electsthe National Council of Palestine Jews, a dispute broke out between Dr. Ton,the presiding officer and revisionist leader Vladimir Jabotinsky. The dispute revolved around revisionistclaims that several of their delegates were attacked by Labor delegates and wasso intense the meeting was adjourned.

1929: Two daysafter he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to be held for sixty-year-oldBoris D. Bogen, a “teacher at the Baron de Hirsch Trade School in New York and“the principal of the Baron de Hirsch Agricultural School in Woodbine, NJ” andauthor of Psychology of Teaching Foreign Languages and Born a Jew who was thehusband of Elisabeth Scholtz.

1930:“Holiday,” a “romantic comedy with music by Josiah Zuro was released today inthe United States.

1931: Today,in Philadelphia, “a resolution urging that World War veterans refrain fromborrowing on their adjusted compensation certificates except in case ofemergency was offered at the tenth national encampment of the Jewish WarVeterans of the United States.

1932: “Fortifiedby optimistic reports of economic conditions in Palestine and by a belief thatthe spirit of defeatism had been banished by Zionism, leaders of the ZionistOrganization of America at the opening of its annual convention here todayappealed for continued support to the upbuilding of a Jewish national home inspite of the world-wide depression.”

1933: The 8thannual convention of Junior Hadassah is scheduled to come to an end today inCleveland, OH.

1933: InChicago, the convention of the ZOA comes to a close.

1933:Birthdate of Harvard trained attorney Herbert Elish, a New York City SanitationCommissioner, the husband of the former Leslies Jane Rubin and the father ofHarry and Daniel Ellish.

1934:Rebbetzin Renee Schick who founded the Schick's Bakery in Boro Park in 1941,and her husband gave birth to Professor Marvin Schick “an expert on Jewish DaySchools who served “as liaison to the Jewish Community” for John Lindsay duringhis second term as Mayor of NYC and his twin brother Allen.

1934: “Theannual convention of District Grand Lodge No. 4 of B’nai B’rith is scheduled tobegin today in Vancouver, BC.

1934: The 37thannual convention of the ZOA is scheduled to come to an end in Atlantic City.

1935(2ndof Tammuz, 5695): Ed Sachs, the “pioneer merchant” who may have been the ownerof the Ed Sachs Curio Store in San Antonio, passed away today.

1935(2ndof Tammuz, 5695): Fifty-seven-year-old André-GustaveCitroën, the son of “diamond merchant Levie Citroen from the Netherlands andMasza Amelia Kleinman from Warsaw, Poland” the automobile manufacturer bestknown for the car that bears his name passed away today in his native Paris.

1935: SirFrancis Montefiore, grandnephew of the noted philanthropist, who had served forseveral years President of the Board of Elders of the Spanish PortugueseSynagogue in London; a position to which he was first elected in 1904 wasburied today at the Spanish & Portuguese Jews Cemetery at Mile End Road inLondon.

1936(13th of Tammuz, 5696):German Jew Stefan Lux kills himself inthe assembly room of the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. The suicideis in protest of Germany's persecution of Jews. He was an early supporter ofTheodore Herzl and Zionism but curtailed his efforts following the Great War.

1936 ThePalestine Postreported from London that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby Gore, told theHouse of Commons that "there were no provisions in the Covenant or PeaceTreaties or the Mandate regarding the withdrawal of the Mandate from the Powerentrusted with it."

1936: SirSidney Abrahams became the 26th Chief Justice of Ceylon, a post hewould hold until 1939.

1936 ThePalestine Postreported that Hebron was fined a collective fine of £2,000 for ambushing anarmy patrol. Two British soldiers were hurt in this encounter.

1936: ThePalestine Postreported that ten suspected Jewish communists were rounded up by police in TelAviv and interned at the army's Sarafand detention camp.

1936 ThePalestine Postreported that when questioned about a news item which appeared in an Arabnewspaper, the management of the Jerusalem YMCA declared that it offered aplatform on which young men, irrespective of their race, creed and religioncould cooperate and meet in an atmosphere of congeniality and goodwill.

1936: Jewishstores were sacked and several Jews were wounded by Moslems in Gafsa and SousseTunisia which led the Jewish merchants in Sousse to barricade “themselves intheir shops” and fight “off attacking Moslems with rifle and pistol fire” whilethey awaited the arrival troops who were supposed to restore order.

1937(24thof Tammuz, 5697): Parashat Pinchas

1937(24thof Tammuz, 5697): Fannie Hoffner Lainer, the wife of Samuel Lainer passed awaytoday in Worcester.

1937: InBuffalo, NY Esther Miriam (née Sheinberg) and Buffalo society band leader andpiano teacher Irving Daniel Shire gave birth to David Lee Shire the songwriterand composer whose work included the soundtracks for “The Taking of Phelham OneTwo Three” and “The Conversation.”

1937: Twenty-nine-year-oldBrooklynite Moe Schultz returned today on the President Roosevelt fromPalestine, where he said he had driven a truck for three years between thetowns of Haifa and Tel-Aviv, a distance of ninety miles, and had many thrillingescapes from Arab snipers.

1938: Theunveiling of a memorial in memory of Sarah Leah Broadwin is scheduled to takeplace this morning at the Mt. Zion Cemetery on Long Island.

1938: Today“hundreds of house owners in the fashionable suburbs” of Vienna “have beenordered by National Socialist organizations to give notice immediately toJewish tenants to vacate their apartments within a fortnight” with the purposeof keeping “the fashionable districts ‘clear.’”

1939: Asailboat of unknown nationality arrived in Haifa flying the blue and whitecolors of the Zionist cause. Britishpolice boarded the boat “where they found 697 Jewish immigrants including 192women and 37 children.” The immigrantsare classified as “illegal” and their total will be deducted from the pitifullysmall allotment of Jews allowed to enter Palestine under the White Paper.

1939(16th ofTammuz, 5699): Tonight Arabs attacked Tel Hayim, a settlement near Tel Aviv,killing one Jewish supernumerary.

1940:Following yesterday’s request by the OKW, the German military were working onthe plans for the invasion of England code named Operation Sea Lion.

1941:Associate Justice Harlan Fisk Stone began serving as Chief Just of the U.SSupreme Court. From 1932 until 1937, Stone, the New England Protestant joinedthe two Jewish Justices – Cardozo and Brandeis – as the 3 Musketeers, theliberal faction of the Supreme.

1941(8th ofTammuz, 5701): At Nowogrodek, the Nazis sought fifty "volunteers" tobe members of the Jewish council there. They are taken away and never seenagain. Fifty more were shot in the town square.

1941(8thof Tammuz, 5701): Sixty-nine-year-old theatrical producer Sam Harris passedaway today after suffering a relapse following his operation for appendicitis.

1941: InVilna, all the Jews were required to wear identity badges.

1941: In Liepāja,SS-Obersturmbannführer Reichert’s EK 1a men began their roundup of and beganmarching to trenches in Rainis Park where they will begin massacring them.

1941(8th ofTammuz, 5701): One hundred Jews are murdered at Bialystok, Poland.

1941:Arājs Kommando startedarresting, beating and robbing the Riga Jews.”

1941(8th ofTammuz, 5701): In the Ukraine, 3500 Jews are killed at Zloczow and hundreds dieat Drohobycz.

1941(8th ofTammuz, 5701): Fifty Jews in Novogroduk, Belorussia, who volunteer for aGerman-organized Jewish council, "disappear." Another 50, selected atrandom, are shot in the town square to the accompaniment of music played by aGerman band.

1941:Sovietleader Joseph Stalin orders the establishment of partisan units to harassGerman troops in occupied Soviet territory. Jews would play an active role inthese units. There were also units made up exclusively of Jewish partisans.

1941:Birthdate of American contractor Warren Weinstein who was kidnapped by al-Qaedain 2011.

1941:Birthdate of Gloria Rachel Bloom, who gained fame as Gloria Allred, thepublicity seeking lawyer.

1942: In Manhattan, the United Palestine Appealreported today that “The Palestine Government granted 1,500 immigrationcertificates in Palestine in the three months ending on June 30.”

1942(18th of Tammuz, 5702):Forty-eight-year-old the Rengshausen, Germany orn of Abraham and Berth Beilchen,the husband of Hilda Hoflich and the father of Gerda Hoflic was murdered todayat Majdanek.

1943: Birthdate of self-promoting television newspersonality Geraldo Rivera. Rivera’sfather was from Puerto Rico. Aftermoving to New York he married a Jewish woman named Lily Friedman. Contrary to popular urban legend, Rivera’soriginal name was not Gerry Rivers. Andhe did not change his name to appeal to Hispanic audiences.

1944: Minsk was liberated from Nazi control bySoviet troops during Operation Bagration

1944:TheBritish War Cabinet agrees to examine Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann's requestfor the formation of a Jewish Brigade to fight in the British Army, with thewhite and blue Star of David as its standard.

1945: InJerusalem, Israeli poet and political activist Yonatan Ratosh and his wife gavebirth to award winning mathematician Saharon Shelah who splits his time betweenHebrew University and Rutgers in New Jersey.

1946: TheodoreLevin was nominated by President Harry S. Truman to a seat on the United StatesDistrict Court for the Eastern District of Michigan vacated by Edward JulienMoinet.

1946: Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis met for the firsttime in Atlantic City. They would becomeone of the leading comedy teams of their time.The Italian Crooner played straight man to the Jewish clown.

1946: Afterhaving been “missing” for two days, 8 year old Henryk Blaszcyk returned to hisfamily at Kielce having gone to his hometown to visit friends which led hisfather to file a second report with the local police “claiming his son had beenkidnapped by the Jews” but had managed to escape.” This false report would result in a policeinvestigation that would provide the excuse for another round of Polesmurdering Jews.

1947:Birthdate of brilliant attorney, Renaissance man and all-around great guy,David Robert Levin- a real Mensh. He is also one heck of a great brother!

1948(26thof Sivan, 5708): Parashat Sh’lach

1948: A doublecelebration marking Shabbat and the first birthday of David Levin

1948: Rumorsabound in besieged Jerusalem that a new road was being built that would bringsupplies to the embattled city.

1949:Birthdate of world traveling computer whiz and pillar of the Cedar RapidsJewish community, Bill Hurwitz

1949 DavidBen-Gurion issued a public exoneration of Meir Tubiansky “who was executed as a traitor oncirc*mstantial evidence on the orders of Isser Be'eri,’ and restitution of hisrank and rights. Four days later his body was re-buried on Mount Herzl. InNovember 1949, after a trial at which Binyamin Gibli appeared as a witness forthe prosecution, Isser Be'eri was found guilty of manslaughter.

1950: Funeralservices are scheduled to be held today at “The Riverside” for Aaron Lesser,the husband of Ida Lesser Z”L with whom he had three children – Florence, Elsieand Mildred.

1951: TheJerusalem Postreported that the first reading of the Women's Equal Rights Bill was passed bythe Knesset. The Knesset had also passed a bill empowering the government tofloat loans up to IL5m. from financial institutions to be applied to thedefense budget. 128,223 new immigrants entered the country during the first sixmonths of 1951. Since the state was established in 1948, 638,597 immigrantsarrived.

1951(29thof Sivan, 5711): Sixty-one-year-old Russian born and New York HomeopathicMedical College trained radiologist and roentgenologist Dr. Abraham Ossip who was the husband of Ida Ossip with heraised a son, Seymour, and two children passed away today at Beth IsraelHospital.

1952: NBCbroadcast the first episode of “Mr. Peepers” in which Walter Matthau using thename “Leonard Elliot” portrayed “the gym teacher Mr. Wall.

1953(20thof Tammuz, 5713): Forty-seven-year-old New York native Irving Reis, the creatorof the radio anthology Columbia Worship who turned his skill to screenwritingand movie director and the husband of Meta Arenson with whom he had threechildren passed away today after which he was “buried in the Jewish CemeteryHillside Memorial Park.

1953: Today,in Portland, Oregon, at the “94th annual convention of the NationalEducation Association” “the delegation of New York State teachers…opened fireon the NEA’s sponsorship of travel tours to Arab countries in the Middle Eastfrom which American Jewish teachers are barred. (JTA)

1956: Seventy-nine-year-oldLithuanian native Kalman Marmor who in 1906 came to the United States where hepursued a career in journalism with such publications as “the Jewish dailyMorning Freiheit” and the Daily Forward.

1956: Releasedate for “Somebody Up There Likes Me” starring Paul Newman, with a script byErnest Lehman and filmed by cinematographer Joseph Ruttenberg.

1957(4thof Tammuz, 5717): Sixty-five-year-old Benjamin Daniels, the husband of GertrudeDaniels and father of Doris Kaufman who rose from being a clerk to thePresidency of the A.S. Beck Shoe Corporation passed away today.

1957(4thof Tammuz, 5717): Seventy-year-old Russian born Joseph Breslaw who came to theUnited States in 1907 who was simultaneously vice president of the ILGU,manager of Local 35 of the Cloak and Pressers Union and chairman of the TradeUnion Division of the National Committeefor Labor Israel and was the husband of Rosa Breslaw wit whom he raised threesons – Alfred, Bernard and Leon --- passed away today at Mt. Sinai Hospital.

1958(15thof Tammuz, 5718): Fifty-four-year-old Dr. Samuel T. Yuster, a “Professor ofEngineering at U.C.L.A.” and “an authority on petroleum engineering” who wasthe husband of Rose Yuster and the father of Frances and Louis Yuster passedaway today.;NAAN=13030&doc.view=frames&

1958: Slightlyafter 4:00am a fire destroyed all the sets and costumes putting an end to theplanned dress-rehearsal the movie version of Gershwin’s “Porgy Bess” directedby Otto Preminger, produced by Samuel Goldwyn and co-starring Sammy Davis, Jr.

1959:Birthdate of Julie Burchill, “a defender of Israel, The Jewish Chronicledescribed … in 2008 as "Israel's staunchest supporter in the UKmedia"; who has two Israeli flags in her home”

1959:Birthdate of David Shore the Canadian lawyer turned writer, who is “best knownfor his work writing and producing television shows including Family Law, NYPDBlue, Due South and House.

1962: TheAlgerian War for Independence ends with Algeria gaining its independence fromFrance. The end of the war with theAlgerians marked a shift in French attitudes and policies in the Middle East. Under De Gaulle’s leadership, the Frenchgovernment sought to develop a power base among the Moslem nations of NorthAfrica and the Near East. This meant agrowing policy of hostility towards Israel that would ultimately lead theFrench government to attempt to block the delivery of patrol boats to Israel laterin the decade. The naval craft hadalready been paid for when the French refused to deliver them so Israeli agentsseized them and brought them to Haifa.

1963:Todayfuneral services are scheduled to be held for builder Harry Lefrak, who “willbe honored as leader of Judaism” are scheduled to be held today in Queens andwhich Counsel General Katriel Katz will attend as a representative of thegovernment of Israel.

1963(11thof Tammuz, 5725): Fifty-nine-year-old “Mrs. Rosa Brown Eisendrath” the Bonham,TX born wife “Rabbi Maurice N. Eisendrath, the president of the Union ofAmerican Hebrew Congregations who gave up her career as a concert pianist tohelp her husband fulfill his calling passed away today.

1963(11thof Tammuz, 5725): Eighty-two-year-old Isaac Feinstein, the husband of JennieAvent Feinstein passed away today after which he was buried at Mount HebronCemetery in Flushing, NY.

1964: InScarsdale, NY, this afternoon, Rabbi Joachim Prinz officiated at the marriageof Herbert Horn to Mrs. Carol Coan Petergorsky, the associate director of theNational Federation of Temple Young and the “widow of David W. Petegorsky,national execu­tive director of the American Jewish Congress:

1965:On Long Island, at Temple Israel of Great Neck, Rabbi Harold Kushner and CantorBenjamin Siegel officiated as the wedding Susan Hope Rieder and Dr. Cyrus IraKahn.

1966:Ten rabbis, led by Rabbi Aaron Solveicik, officiated at the marriage of GoldaReena Shatz and Henry Isaac Rothman.

1967(25thof Sivan, 5727): Seventy-one year old Hymen Alpern, the long-time New York Cityhigh school principal and “author of books on Spanish literature” whoseeducation included a BA from CCNY, an MA from Columbia and PH.D from NYU and asthe husband “of the former Belle Kopperman” with whom he had three children –Stanley, Dorothy and Rosylyn – passed away today.

1967: Aftertwo days of fighting in and around Ras el 'Ish, neither Egyptians nor Israeliforces move against the other.

1968:Birthdate of Alan Schwartz, the White Plains, NY native “PulitzerPrize-nominated National Correspondent at TheNew York Times best known for writing more than 100 articles[1] thatexposed the seriousness of concussions among football players of all ages.

1969(17thof Tammuz, 5729): Tzom Tammuz

1969(17thof Tammuz, 5729): Sixty-three-year-old Slonim native and Warsaw University graduateYoysef Abramovitsh who changed his name to Aviram when he made Aliya and “theauthor in Yiddish several works concerned with sports: Shpilbukh (Book ofplay); Arbeter-sport (Workers’ sports); Di oyfgabn fun der proletarisherfizisher dertsiung )The tasks of proletarian physical education) passed awaytoday in Tel Aviv.

1969(17thof Tammuz, 5729): Fifty-six-year-old Elizabeth H. Friedman passed away today.

1969: Two daysafter he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to be held today for eighty-four-year-oldGrodno born American “calligrapher, designer and artist Joseph B. Abrahams, thehusband of “the former Mrs. Lillian Manning” whose creations included “thebronze doors of Temple Emanu-El” in New Yorkand “the interior décor for the Ziegfeld Follies.”

1970: ITVbroadcast the final episode of “Doctor in the House” in which Jonathan Lynn playedthe Irish medical student Danny Hooley.

1971(10thof Tammuz, 5731): Parashat Chukat

1971 (10thof Tammuz, 5731): Charles B. Edison, the Clayton, MO born son of Mr. and Mrs.Samuel B. Edison who survived being shot down while serving as a navigator withthe 15th Air Force and an executive in the family Edison BrothersStores passed away today.

1971(10thof Tammuz, 5731): Sixty-four-year-old David “Cy” Kaselman the native ofPhiladelphia who played basketball for the “Sphas from 1928 to 1940” passedaway today.

1974:Authorities began releasing Jewish activists held in prisons at Moscow,Leningrad, Odessa and Kiev during the visit of President Nixon.during Nixon’svisit begin to be released. Estimates of number of Jews detained in Moscow,Leningrad, Odessa and Kiev and other cities vary from 50 to 100.

1974(13thof Tammuz, 5634): Eighty-eight-year-old New York City native and holder of twodegrees from Harvard Monroe Gutman, a long-time partner at Lehman Brothers and generoussupporter of Harvard who was the “principal benefactor of the Monroe C. Gutman Library,which “is the primary library for and one of four main buildings comprising theHarvard Graduate School of Education (HGSE).

1975(24thof Tammuz, 5735): Seventy-six-year-old “Wolf Ladejinsky, a leading Americanagricultural technician who played a key role in agrarian reform in Asia, diedtoday in George Washington University Hospital in Washington.”

1975(24thof Tammuz, 5735): Eighty-year-old South Carolina born, suffragette and aunt bymarriage of folk singer Pete Seeger, Anta Pollitzer passed away today in NewYork City.

1976: “At 2:30” this “afternoon, PrimeMinister Rabin told the security for the first time since hostage situationdeveloped on June 27 that he was in favor of the military option” saying that “Notout of an idealization, far from that, but with knowledge toward what we areheading, toward wounded, toward dead… nonetheless, I recommend that thegovernment to authorize this,” (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)

1976: By the end of Day 7 therescue mission portion of Operation Thunderbolt had been completed as HerculesFour flown Amnon Halivni took off from Entebbe and headed for Kenya carryingall of the hostages with the exception of Dora Bloch who was in a Ugandan hospital.

1976: At 8 pmEDT in Washington, DC, an aide to President Gerald Ford responded to atelephone call from Amos Erian telling of the rescue by saying “Tell Mr. RabinI can’t think of a better way to celebrate the Bicentennial” – a reference tothe celebrations marking the two hundredth anniversary of the signing of theDeclaration of Independence.

1978(28th ofSivan, 5738): Seventy-seven-year-old Hungarian born economist and philosopher LászlóRadványi whose academic odyssey including from Nazi Germany to stops in Parisand Mexico before a return to West Germany passed away today.

1979: EdwardGraham Lee completed his service as Canada’s Ambassador to Israel.

1979:Thirty-four years after the end of World War II, the West German governmentvoted to continue prosecution of Nazi war criminals by removing the statute oflimitations on murder.

1980: Oneperson was injured in Gaza from a terrorist bombing.

1980(19th ofTammuz, 5740): Anatoli(Tankhum) Lvovich Kaplan “a Russian painter, sculptor and printmaker, whoseworks often reflect his Jewish origins” passed away. One of his most notedworks was “The Musicians” painted in 1968.

1982: Uri Avnery, the Israeliwriter and Knesset member who has traveled from the Irgun to the leftist peacemovement met Yasser Arafat today during the"Battle of Beirut" — said to have been the first time an Israeli metpersonally with Arafat.

1983: In LosAngeles, Catherine (Noriega) and Michael D. Silber who is Jewish gave birth tomulti-talented actress and author Alexandra Silber who appeared as “Tzeitel”and “Hodel” in different productions of “Fiddler on the Roof” while alsowriting the debut novel After Anatevka (chronicling what happens to thecharacters of Hodel and Perchik made famous by the Sholem Aleichem stories andin the musical Fiddler on the Roof.”

1985:Back to the Future:directed by Robert Zemeckis was released today, “and became the most successfulfilm of the year, grossing more than $383 million worldwide and receiving criticalacclaim.”

1987: ''Furniture Making inEast London: 1830 to 1980,'' an exhibition that is part of this summer's JewishEast End Celebration opened at Geffrye Museum,

1989: Openingof the Thirteenth Maccabiah.

1991(21stof Tammuz, 5751): Seventy-seven-year old Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley-Cohen the633rd Lord Mayor of London who wasthe son of Ali Beddington and Sir Robert Waley Cohen, the husband ofJoyce Constance Ina and son-in-law of Harry Louis Nathan passed away today.

1991: “ProblemChild 2” a sequel comedy co-starring Laraine Newman and featuring GilbertGottfried was released in the United States today.

1991(21st ofTammuz, 5751): Seventy-nine Ephraim Elimelech Urbach, the native of Bialystokwho made Aliyah in 1937 and was a Professor of Talmud at Hebrew Universitypassed away today.

1992(2ndof Tammuz, 5752): Just four days before his 85th birthday, MarkFeder, the Minsk born son of Hirsch and Toby Fedeer and the husband of EthelGrumer with whom he had a daughter named Tovawho “was a leading figure in Cleveland theatrical circles and was thefounder of the Jewish Community Theatre of the (JCC), serving as its dramadirector from 1948 until retirement in 1972 passed away today in San Diego, CA.

1992: Thecurtain came down on a revival performance of It's a Bird... It's a Plane...It's Superman, a musical composed byCharles Strouse” at the Goodspeed Opera House in Connecticut.

1993(14thof Tammuz, 5753): Parashat Balak

1993(14thof Tammuz, 5753): Ninety-one-year-old Holocaust survivor Joseph Gruss who usedthe fortune he amassed from the oil and gas industry to support variousphilanthropies including the Be’er Hagolah Institute passed away this eveningin Manhattan. (As reported by Eric Pace)

1995(5thof Tammuz, 5755): Ninety-two-year-old Berlin born American interior designer Margot(Holzman) Wittkower who was forced to flee Nazi Germany because her husband arthistorian Rudolf Wittkower was Jewish passed away today in Manhattan.

1996(16thof Tammuz, 5756): Seventy-nine-year-old U.S Army and NYU educatedfinancier Bernard Gerald Cantor, the Bronx born son of Belarusimmigrants Rose Delson and Julius Cantor who was the founder of the securitiesfirm Cantor Fitzgerald and co-owner of the Kansas City Kings passed away today.

1997: Poet AdrienneRich made headlines today by refusing to accept the National Medal for theArts. “Ms Rich informed Jane Alexander, chair of the National Endowment for theArts, that she would not accept the National Medal for the Arts. To accept theaward, she felt, would be hypocritical in view of the country's wideningsocio-economic gap. In her typical hard-hitting style, Rich wrote that,"art—in my own case the art of poetry—means nothing if it simply decoratesthe dinner table of power which holds it hostage." Both the nationalrecognition and Rich's principled refusal were emblematic of the place thispoet has come to occupy in American culture.”

1998(9thof Tammuz, 5758): Eighty-five-year-old life-long Maryland Democratic Paty leaderand ten-term Comptroller for the State of Maryland, Louis L. Goldstein, the sonof Goodman Goldstein, “a Jewish immigrant from Prussia” and the husband offellow attorney Hazel Horton with whom he had three children suffered anapparent fatal heart attack today.

1998(9thof Tammuz, 5758: Eighty-six-year-old architect Albert Carl Koch whose firm helpdesign the building for Temple Israel in Sawmpsoctt, MA and WW II Navy veteranwho was one of the Monuments Men, passed away today.

1999: Janet Rosenberg Jaganwas released from the hospital in Georgetown after being treated for a heartcondition.

2000: C.K.Williams wrote today in the New Republic that “If there really is such a thingas wisdom, it might well reside in the character a master such as YehudaAmichai can fashion for himself and so for us.”

2001: Funeralservices are scheduled to be held today at Temple Sinai in Washington, D.C. forBrooklyn born attorney and WW II Army veteran Julius Dankin, the President ofRutha Rales Jewish Family Service of the Jewish Federation of South Palm BeachCounty who was the husband of Jeanne Sankin Z”L with whom he had three children– Marilyn, Andrew and Steven Z”L – after which “he will be buried at King DavidCemetery in Falls Church, VA.

2001(12th ofTammuz, 5761): Mordecai Richler passed away. Born in 1931, Richler was aprolific prize winning author. One of his most famous books was the “Apprenticeshipof Duddy Kravitz,” which was later made into a movie starring Richard Dreyfus.

2001: The bodyof Yair Har Sinai, 51, of Susiya in the Hebron hills, missing since yesterdaywas found early Tuesday morning shot in the head and chest

2002: Vandalsattacked a synagogue and a memorial to Holocaust victims in the western spatown of Karlovy Vary, daubing red paint on the synagogue and the memorial, andleaving posters and leaflets calling fora pogrom against Jews and labeling them the founders of capitalism. (Asreported by Peter S. Green)

2003: In abrief hearing today Judge Shira A. Scheindlin of Federal District Court inManhattan refused a request that she immediately order the city prison toprovide vegan diets to the three Jewish inmates at Rikers Island who have fileda federal lawsuit saying their constitutional rights were violated by prisonofficials' refusal to provide them a vegan diet, which the inmates say isrequired by their religious beliefs.”

2004: In“Meanwhile: Theodor Herzl’s Dream 100 Years After His Death,” GeoffreyWheatcroft, concluded that “anyone cansee by visiting Israel, Montefiore and others who disparaged Zionism were wrongin saying that the Jews could not become a nation. That part of Herzl's dreamhas come true.”

2004: Ninety-six-year-old“actress and acting teacher” Phoebe Brand Carnovsky who worked with thelegendary Clifford Odets Passed away today.

2005: TheNew York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or ofspecial interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperbackeditions of The Missing Peace: The Inside Store of the Fight for Middle EastPeace by Dennis Ross and Codex by Lev Grossman

2006: In“Entebbe’s Unsung Hero,” Eyal Ben described the fate of 19-year-old JeanJacques Maimoni, one of the hostages who did not survive.”,7340,L-3270314,00.html

2006: In thefollowing review of “Up, Up and Oy Vey!” by Simcha Weinstein, Louis Parksdescribes “the obvious parallels” between the origins of Superman and Biblicaldepiction of Moses.

A lovingparent tries to save the life of a child by placing him in a basket—or spacecapsule—and sending him floating/blasting to safety. Found and adopted into anew family in his new world, Moses/Superman is still guided by the wisdom andcounsel of his parent. He lives a double life with a secret identity. Moseseventually leads people from abuse to freedom. Superman rescues people fromdisasters and crime. Superman's creators, Jewish immigrant sons Jerry Siegeland Joel Shuster, invented the superhero in 1938 Cleveland, Ohio. They neverdeclared Superman was Jewish and their ambiguity was probably intentional.Though they didn't give their hero a specific ethnicity or religion, there arehints at his Jewishness. In some of his earliest stories, Superman sometimesfoiled the plans of thinly disguised German Nazis, whose persecution of Jewsalready was infamous. Americans may not have noticed, but apparently the Nazissnapped to the implications, quickly blasting the new comic. Weinstein writesthat in 1940, Nazi propaganda minister Josef Goebbels denounced Superman asJewish. Weinstein also "recounts the Jewish influence on superheroes suchas Batman, Captain America, the Hulk, the Fantastic Four, Spider-Man and X-Men,most of whom were created by Jewish artists."

2007: Friendship:An Expose by Joseph Epstein goes on sale to the general public today.

2007: Much to the delight of allwho know him, David Levin, a mensch in the truest sense of that word,celebrates his sixtieth birthday.

2007: In Jerusalem, The Israeli Ballet, featuring Yevegenia Oberzatsubaand Vladimir Shaklerov, will perform the famous, romantic ballet,"Giselle," in the Sherover Theater at the Jerusalem Theater.

2007: As of today, Ryan Kalish led with New-York Penn League with 12stolen bases.

2008: Rosh Chodesh Tammuz (First Day)

2008: Birthday celebration of David Levin, a grand gabbai and, like hisBiblical namesake, a sweet singer of song.

2008: Yehudit Ravitz performed her first Caesarea Amphitheatre show ina decade to a sold-out crowd

2008: A foundation created by Steven Spielberg is giving $1 million tothe National Museum of American Jewish History. The money from the Righteous PersonsFoundation will go toward a new, five-story museum building being built inPhiladelphia.

2008: Today, Saudi Arabia invited an Israeli rabbi to attend an interfaithconference to be held in Madrid. Rabbi David Rosen, president of theInternational Jewish Committee for Interreligious Consultations, is the onlyrabbi who lives in Israel who was invited by King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia andthe World Muslim League to the conference that is slated for July 16 to 18.Other rabbis representing Orthodox, Conservative and Reform Judaism have alsobeen invited. Rosen said that the conference was the Saudis' first initiativeto reach out to other religions in this way.

2008: During the ceasefire with Hamas a Kassam rocket fired from Gazastruck near a kibbutz in the Sha'ar Hanegev Regional Council. No casualties ordamage was reported.

2009: BillHurwitz, world traveling computer whiz pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewishcommunity, and a Zeda twice over celebrates the BIG Six-O.

2009: Israelicelebrity Dudu Topaz attempted to commit suicide at the Abu Kabir DetentionCenter in Tel Aviv.

2009: Thefamily and friends celebrate the anniversary of the natal day of David Levinwhose accomplishments are so numerous that we would have to start a separateblog just to cover them.יום הולדת שמח

2010: TheUnited States Holocaust Museum is scheduled to present a special programentitled France Pruitt "Faith, Courage, and Survival in a Time ofTrouble"

2010: The joyof Shabbat is doubled as it coincides with the celebration of the birthday ofDavid Levin, a hamesha mensch par excellence and a great brother.

2010: In CedarRapids, the traditional Shabbat minyan at Temple Judah celebrated the holidayweekend with a “Red, White and Blue” themed kiddish.

2010: Palestinian Authoritychief negotiator Saeb Erekat categorically denied today a report that the PAtold George Mitchell it would allow or accept Israeli sovereignty over theWestern Wall in a new Arab state. The London-based Al-Hayat Arabic languagedaily had reported today that PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas gave U.S. Middle Eastenvoy George Mitchell a signed letter that the PA would surrender its demandthat the Jewish Quarter in the Old City of Jerusalem be part of his proposed PAstate.

2011: Thefamily and friends of David Levin are glad to be able to share in celebratingthe natal day of this hamesha mensch.

2011: Thewedding ceremony joining Abbie Silber and Rabbi Feivel Strauss is scheduled totake place in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Asweet singer of song joins a budding sage!

2011: TheLos Angeles Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or ofspecial interest to Jewish readers including “To End All Wars” by Adam Hochschild.

2011:The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or ofspecial interest to Jewish readers including “Manstein: Hitler’s GreatestGeneral” by Mungo Melvin and the recently released paperback editions of “Necessary Secrets: National Security, theMedia, and the Rule of Law” by Gabriel Schoenfeld and “Spies of the BalkansAlan Furst’s that centers around “Costa Zannis, a police official and fixer whohas taken to helping Jewish refugees from Berlin complete the difficult routeto safety.”

2011(1stof Tammuz, 5771): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

2011:Terrorists inHamas-controlled Gaza resumed rocket fire on the western Negev this morning.

2011:Hundreds of people demonstrated in Jerusalem today in support of Rabbi YaakovYosef, who was arrested that morning for questioning over incitement to racismand violence, and released in less than one hour.

2011(1stof Tammuz, 5771: Seventy-six-year-old Fred Newman whose “influential role inNew York life and politics defied easy description” passed away. (As reportedby Douglas Martin)

2012: The European Union of Jewish Students isscheduled to sponsor “Sharing Our Common Past: Christian and Jewish students”where young Jews and Catholics come together in Krakow to look for answers tothe following questions: What divides us? What do we have in common? How can wework together? What are our roles and niches in contemporary Europe?

2012:After having premiered four days ago in Tokyo, “The Amazing Spider-Man” basedon the Stan Lee created character and co-produced by Avi Arad and Laura Ziskinwas released today in the United States.

2012: Americanhard rockers Guns 'N Roses who are heading back to Israel for the first timesince 1993 are scheduled to perform at Hayarkon Park along with support actsUgly Joe Kid and local favorites Hayehudim

2012:In the midst of a record-breaking heat wave, friends and family of David Levinprepare to celebrate the birthday of one “cool dude.”

2012:Kadima party chairman Shaul Mofaz, angered by Prime Minister BenjaminNetanyahu’s dissolution of a Kadima-led panel tasked with drafting new universaldraft legislation yesterday, refused to meet with Netanyahu on today to try tosolve a crisis that threatens the stability of the national unity government.

2012:Today the state prosecutor filed an indictment against an ultra-Orthodox manfor defacing the Yad Vashem Holocaust museum and two IDF war memorials. At YadVashem, the graffiti he allegedly sprayed included: “If Hitler hadn’t existed,the Zionists would have invented him.”

ElhananOstrowitz, a 31-year-old Jerusalem resident, was charged at the JerusalemMagistrate’s Court for spraying anti-Zionist hate slogans at the sites and,apparently, has shown no remorse for his actions.

2013:“Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait” which “was co-curated with Winehouse'sbrother Alex and sister-in-law Riva” is scheduled to open at the Jewish MuseumLondon.

2013:Friends and family are thrilled to be able to celebrate another birthday ofDavid Levin whose many stellar qualities have outstripped my list ofsuperaltives

2013:In Tel Aviv, the U.S. Embassy is scheduled to host the July 4thCelebration which will include remarks by the U.S. Ambassador, the IsraeliPresident and the Israeli Prime Minister.

2013(25thof Tammuz, 5773): At Camp Tawonga, a Jewish summer camp in Northern CaliforniaAnnais Rosenberg, a counselor, was killed today when a tree fell through thedinning hall. Twenty campers were also injured (As reported by JTA and theJewish Press)

2013:Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu, a candidate for Sephardi chief rabbi, was due to besummoned today by Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein for a hearing, following arequest by MK Eitan Cabel (Labor) earlier this week that the rabbi bedisqualified from running due to “racist” comments he’d made about Arabcitizens of Israel. (As reported by The Times of Israel)

2013:The Administrator General announced today that a group led by businessman OriAllon has purchased a 60 percent stake of Hapoel Jerusalem previously owned byGuma Aguiar. (As reported by Allon Sinai)

2014:Pears Institute for the study of Antisemitism in partnership with theDepartment of History, Classics and Archaeology is scheduled to host Dr Becky Taylor, Dr Matt Cook and Dr JessicaReinisch speaking on “Histories of Prejudice: Persecuting Others.”

2014:As “Arthur” threatens to “rain on the holiday weekend,” nothing can dampen theenthusiasm of those celebrating the birthday of David Levin whose wit andwisdom would lighten even the darkest storm.

2014:“While some in the right are calling for revenge for the kidnapping and murderof Eyal Yifrach, Gil-Ad Shaer and Naftali Frenkel, hundreds of protestersgathered at HaBima Square in Tel Aviv this evening urging "No toEscalation, No to Revenge." (As reported by Itay Blumenthal)

2014:“Around 100 residents of the rocket-battered Sderot located just west of Gazaprotested on today at the entrance to the city, in response to the rapidlydeteriorating security situation and after two direct hits on buildings wererecorded since last night.” (As reported by Yoni Kempinski and Ari Yashar)

2014:“Over 15 rockets, part of the roughly 40 that have been fired from Gaza in thelast two days, were fired at southern Israel in a salvo this afternoon that,causing two fires to break out.” (As reported by Ari Yashar)

2014:“In one of the first responses from Israel’s Jewish religious leadership to theviolent aftermath of the deaths of Naftali Fraenkel, Gil-ad Shaar and EyalYifrach, former Sephardi chief rabbi Shlomo Amar on Thursday issued a ferventplea to Jewish youths to trust in God and the country’s political leadershipand avoid taking the law into their own hands.” (As reported by Yifa Yaakov)

2014(5thof Tammuz, 5774): Eighty-nine-year-old Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi passedaway today.

2014: “Palestinianterrorists fired eight rockets and mortar shells into Israel tonight, bringingto over 20 the number of projectiles launched from the Gaza Strip throughoutthe day. The rockets fell in open areas and did not cause damage or injuries. :

2014: Inresponse to attacks from Gaza, the IAF hit three Hamas targets which have yetto be further identified by the government.

2014: “A tensecalm descended upon the capital this evening after a day of heavy rioting andemotionally charged demonstrations, as an Arab teenager allegedly murdered byJews was laid to rest in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Shuafat.” (Asreported by Advi Sterman)

2015:In Washington, DC, the historic 6th & I Synagogue is scheduledto host the “6th Street Minyan, laid-back Friday night service ledby David Goldstein and Jenn Queen.”

2015:“A group of Islamic State supporters in Gaza claimed responsibility” forlaunching the “two rockets that exploded in Israeli near the Gaza Strip thisafternoon.” (As reported by Itamar Sharon)

2015:The first ever Tel Aviv Blues Festival is scheduled to open today.

2015(16thof Tammuz, 5775): Seventy-year-old Kathe Goldstein, an award-winning SpanishTeacher and pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community passed away today.

2015:Friends and family of David Levin begin the Holiday Weekend by celebrating themost important holiday of all – David’s natal day.

2016(27thof Sivan, 577 6): Ninety-four year oldRabbi Max Ticktin, the former associate director of Hillel and Professor atGeorge Washington University passed away today.

2016:In Washington, DC, “District Merchants” playwright/director Aaron Posner’sversion of The Merchant of the Venice is scheduled to be performed for the lasttime.

2016:As threatening weather closes in on Washington, DC, there is one ray ofsunshine – the celebration of the birthday of David Levin

2016:“Soldiers in the IDF Home Front Command’s search and rescue units clear debrisduring a large-scale exercise in Zikim near the Gaza border” today

2016:The New York Times reviews bookswritten by Jews and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including TheExtra by A. B. Yehoshua, The Sun in Your Eyes by Deborah Shapiro andDiane Arbus: Portrait of a Photographer by Arthur Lubow

2017:Friends and family of David Levin celebrate his reaching the Biblicallymentioned tally of three score plus ten and wish many, many more years of life,happiness and health for this hamisheh mensch, tzadek and chacham who is alwaysthe world’s best brother.

2017:In Brooklyn, Congregation Shevas Achim is scheduled to host “Celebratin JewishWomen!” with Marcy Katz, CEO and Business Coach.

2017:In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Alone in Berlin.”

2018(20thof Tammuz, 5778): Ninety-six-year-old D-Day veteran Max Fuchs, who in 1944 led“fifty fellow Jewish Soldiers in reciting the Jewish Sabbath service which was“the first Jewish service to be broadcast from German soil since the rise ofHitler” passed away today. (As reported by Richard Goldstein)

2018:Having reached that moment when there are no superlatives to describe him, allwe can say is Best Birthday Wishes to David Levin – who truly is the world’sbest brother.

2018:155th anniversary of the day at Gettysburg, when, against allreason, a determined group of Union soldiers including Sergeant Elias LeonHyman of Company C of the Fifth Calvary who volunteered to serve as one of theskirmishers and who would eventually die in the hell-hold of AndersonvillePrison, threw back an army whose leaders were committed to ending what Lincolncalled “the last best hope of man” which has provided a welcoming home to anuntold number of Jews.

2018:In Durham, NC, the American Dance Festival is scheduled to present “L-E-V”which “is the culmination of years of momentum, choreographed by Sharon Eyaland Gai Behar, accompanied by the original music of Ori Lichtik”

2018:With the passage of the “new IDF draft legislation” by a vote of 63 to 39,supporters begin preparing to clear the next hurdle, approval of the secondreading during this session of the Knesset.

2018(20stof Tammuz, 5778): Seventy-nine-year-old “convicted drugdealer Herbert Sperlingpassed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

2019:In San Francisco, the JCCSF is scheduled to host a concert by “Bay Areamusician and guitar teacher” Kurt Huget this afternoon.

2019:Friends and family prepare to celebrate the birthday of Washingtonian DavidRobert Levin, who is proof that you do not need the fanfare of tanks and planesto celebrate the natal day of real mensch.

2019:In Alberta, Canada, the first session of Camp BB Riback which for almost 60years has given Canadian a chance to connect with their Jewish roots and natureat the same time is scheduled to begin today.

2019:“The Great Jewish Bake Day,” an event that helps to “to fund the Jewish Carebuses” is scheduled to take place today in the UK.

2020:Andrew Polk is scheduled to narrate “the Cape Cod Theatre Project’slive-streamed debut of “Moses” by veteran playwright Michele Lowe.”

2020:Shabbat Stream is scheduled to co-sponsor online “SoulVey! Shabbat Experinee, a“celebration of the relationship between Black and Jewish communities featuringmusic, comedy and civil rights, with rapper Kosha Dillz,”

2020:Friends and family of David Levin, the embodiment of the terms mensch andRenaissance man’ are awaiting to see how he his birthday celebration willovercome the current pandemic

2020:The Eden Tamar Music Center is scheduled to host “Excellence” – Pianists,Pedagouges and Young Artists in Concert” with the winners of the 2019 Kan Voiceof Music Young Artists Competition, Tom Zalmanov and Nabil Haik.

2021(23rdof Tammuz, 5781): Parashat Pinchas;

2021:As a sign of improved times, in Columbus, OH, Tifereth Israel is scheduled tohold Shabbat morning services, live, with signup required in advance.

2021:The Eden Tamir Center in Jerusalem is scheduled to host a chamber music concertwith Orit Orbach – Clarinet; Zvi Carmeli – Viola; Ariel Halevy – Piano.

2021:Double Simcha – The celebration of the natal day of David Levin and Shabbat.

2022:The Museum at Eldridge Street is scheduled to host “All-of-a-Kind FamilyWalking Tour” in participants “follow in the footsteps of the beloved sistersdepicted in Sydney Taylor’s All-of-a-Kind Family” and “stroll throughthe story and into the streets to learn about the real-life people and LowerEast Side places that inspired this children's classic.”

2022:In Jerusalem Dynasty is scheduled to host an auction of “Eretz Israel,Holocaust, Judaica, Maps and travel books.”

2022:A chance to celebrate two great moments in history – the Union victory atGettysburg which turned the tide in the battle against those who sought todestroy the United States and the birthday of David Levin, a renaissance man inthe truest sense of that term and an all around great guy whom I am luckyenough to have for a brother.

2022:The Pardes Learning Seminar which brings together community leaders,professionals and lifelong learners, who wish to study classical Jewish sourceseither online or within the landscape of Israel and this year will focus on thetopics of Shabbat and Shmittah is scheduled to open today in Jerusalem.

2022:The “bar mitzvah of Austin Morris” is scheduled to take place this morning atthe Egalitarian Kotel

2022:As part of Hebrew Book Month, the National Library of Israel is scheduled tohost a conversation with former army intelligence officer and Hebrew University-trainedattorney Yishai Sarid, the Tel Aviv born son of Israeli politician Yossi SaridZ”L.

2023:As Americans prepare to celebrate Independence Day, friends and family of DavidLevin, for whom we have run out of superlatives to describe and who is the bestbrother, celebrate his natal day.

2023:In Israel, protestors are scheduled to stage a blockade of Ben Gurion airporttoday.

2023:Quinn Levin is scheduled to become a licensed driver today in Bexley, OH.

2023:Graveside services are scheduled to be held this afternoon at Shalom MemorialPark in Arlington Heights, IL for Jerry Naylor, longtime member of Temple Judahin Cedar Rapids where he served as President and showed the utmost kindness toso many for so many years as can be seen by his having received a Governor’sVolunteer Award in 2013.

2024:Lockdown University is scheduled to host a lecture by Jeremy Rosen on “MakingSense of the Bible: Can its Ancient Text be Relevant Today? Deuteronomy 5, HowMany Sets of Ten Commandments?”

2024:A tour of Hansen House that is a key factor in Shira by S.Y. Agnon is scheduledto begin this evening at Beit Hansen.

2024:Friends and family of David Levin, the sweet singer of song and chef parexcellence prepare to celebrate his natal day.

2024:Lockdown University is scheduled to host a lecture by Trudy Gold on “The JewishSituation in Eastern Europe in the Interwar Period and Zionism, Part 2.”

2024:As July 3rd begins in Israel, an unprecedented wave of anti-Semitism that hasincluded Hamas supporters calling for Zionist passengers on a New York subwayto raise their hands, sweeps the United States and the Hamas held hostagesbegin day 271 in captivity. (Editor’snote: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are justproviding a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time.)

This Day, July 3, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L – All #ourCOG News (2024)


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